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DEVIANCE. Sociology 120 Kayla. What is deviance?. Deviance is an act committed by a member of society that goes against what is considered acceptable in a society (defies social norms)

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Deviance

DEVIANCE

Sociology 120

Kayla


What is deviance
What is deviance?

Deviance is an act committed by a member of society that goes against what is considered acceptable in a society (defies social norms)

ie; A bank robber is deviant because he steals money from the bank instead of earning it like others in society.


Symbolic interactionalism
Symbolic Interactionalism


Theories
Theories

DIFFERENTIAL ASSOCIATION THEORY

3 Characteristics Affecting Differential Association;

Theory that the more one is exposed to deviance, the more deviant they will be.

The ratio of deviant to non-deviant behaviors

Is the deviant behavior practiced by a significant other?

Age of exposure


Labeling theory
Labeling Theory

The theory that explains why deviance is relative.

Theory that deviance exists because some members of society label others that way.



Deviance in terms of power struggles most powerful societal members determine who is deviant
Deviance in terms of power struggles; Most powerful societal members determine who is deviant.

  • Spitzer’s propositions:

  • Critics are considered deviant because their beliefs challenge common economic , political, or social basis.

  • Those who do not work are considered deviant for they do nothing for the greater good of society.

  • Those who threaten private property – punished.

  • People who don’t respect authority are deviant because of the need for laws.

  • Certain activities are encouraged at certain times.

Deviance in industrial society

Rich and powerful determine which acts are deviant and means of punishment.

Spitzer proposed ways the industrial society defends itself from deviants


Belief that minorities are treated unequally in the criminal justice system
Belief that minorities are treated unequally in the criminal justice system;

Statistics show that non-whites are more likely to be found guilty than whites, receiving longer sentences.

Victim Discounting – Process of reducing seriousness of the crimes that injure people depending on their social status.


Functionalist perspective
Functionalist Perspective justice system;


Deviance

Emphasizes social stability; Some deviance contributes to a well working society.

Deviance affects society negatively and positively.

2 theories, Strain and Conflict


Strain theory
Strain Theory well working

Anomie- Weak or absent social norms.

Shared norms are essential so members of society know what is an acceptable way to think or act.

Deviance is more common when there is a gap between common culturally desired goals such as money and happiness, and a normal way of obtaining them.



Conflict theory
Conflict Theory well working

Theory that conformity to the social norms depends on the strengths of bonds within the group.

Social bonds influence behavior.

If bonds are weak, deviance increases.



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