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Words Their Way. PD Institute Presented by Jackie Brownell. What is spelling and is it necessary to teach?. Purpose of Word Study. “To examine words in order to reveal consistencies within our written language system…”

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words their way

Words Their Way

PD Institute

Presented by

Jackie Brownell

purpose of word study
Purpose of Word Study
  • “To examine words in order to reveal consistencies within our written language system…”
  • “…To help students master the recognition, spelling, and meaning of specific words.”

Words Their Way

braid of literacy
“Braid of Literacy”
  • Oral Language
  • Writing
  • Reading
  • Orthography

See WTW, page 2

terms
Terms
  • Graphemes
  • Phonemes
  • Onsets
  • Rimes
  • Morphemes
literacy development
Literacy Development
  • Emergent
  • Early
  • Early Fluent
  • Self-Extending Fluent
  • Advanced Fluent
word study development
Word Study Development

Synchrony of Literacy Development

(p. 19)

WTW Reading

  • Emergent Emergent p. 11
  • Letter Name Early p. 12
  • Within Word Pattern Early Fluent p. 13
  • Syllables & Affixes Self Extending p. 14
  • Derivational Relations Advanced p.15

See WTW, pages 22-24; front inside cover

letter name spellers use and confuse
Letter Name Spellers Use and Confuse:
  • Names of letters to spell
    • GP for jeep
    • YEN for when
    • Pg. 135
  • How words are formed in mouth
    • Jip, chip, trip, drip (affricates)
    • Fan, van (voiced)
    • BAT for bet (letter names closest to short vowel articulation)
    • Pg. 136-138
  • Preconsonantal nasals
    • Say bad, ban, band
    • Sound passes through nose
end of year spelling goals per grade level
End of Year Spelling GoalsPer Grade Level
  • K Middle Letter Name
  • 1 Early Within Word
  • 2 Late Within Word
  • 3 Early Syllable and Affixes
  • 4 Middle Syllable and Affixes
  • 5 Late Syllable and Affixes
  • 6+ Derivational Relations
slide12
Informed Assessment

What students:

  • can do and do know
  • use but confuse
developmental spelling inventories
Developmental Spelling Inventories
  • Primary Spelling Inventory K-3, pg. 266
  • Elementary Spelling Inventory 1-6, pg. 270
  • Upper Elementary Spelling Inventory 5-12, pg. 273

Reflect on each one and discuss characteristics noted.

feature guides
Feature Guides
  • Primary-pg. 268
  • Elementary-pg. 271
  • Upper Elementary-pg. 274-275

What are we analyzing?

feature guide directions
Feature Guide Directions
  • Match each word spelled by student with real word in list.
  • In each column, check or circle each feature that the student used correctly.
  • Count number of features used correctly and record in Feature Points column.
  • If student spelled word correctly, one extra point is added in last column for Words Spelled Correctly.
  • Reversals are counted as correct but record them on feature guide for reference.
  • Staple spelling inventory to feature guide.
  • Use information to group students according to needs.
scores
Scores
  • Power Score
    • Number of words spelled correctly
    • Indicates developmental stage, pg. 34

EM. L.N.W.W.S.A.D.R

  • PSI0 0 2 6 8 13 17 22 N/A
  • ESI 0 0 2 3 5 7 9 12 15 18 20 22
  • USI 0 2 6 7 9 11 18 21 23 27
slide18
Feature Analysis
    • Find first column with 5/7 or less.
    • This column determines the feature at which to begin instruction.
    • Circle stage and whether in Early, Middle, or Late part of stage.
    • Group like students together.
    • Go to that leveled book and the corresponding unit to begin sorting activities with group.
practice
Practice
  • Choose spelling inventory sample.
  • Review and discuss with peers.
  • Complete Feature Guide and share results.
sorting activities
Sorting Activities
  • Sight Words
  • Sound
    • Picture sorts
    • Word sorts
    • Blind sorts
  • Pattern
    • Word sorts
    • Can use key pictures
  • Meaning
    • Concepts sorts
      • Content area words/pictures
      • Pre-reading/pre-writing/grammar
    • Spelling-meaning sorts
      • Homophones (buy, by)
      • Homographs (record (v), record (n))
      • Greek/Latin elements ( spec = spectator, inspect, speculate)
slide21
Spelling-Word Study

Orthography

EncodingDecoding

Literacy

J. Brownell, 2011

word study websites
Word Study Websites
  • Huneycutt.biz/english/wordstudy
  • Literacyconnections.com/wordstudy
  • Readingrockets.org
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