By: Courtney Chilcoat. Stuttering. Speech disorder in which sounds, syllables or words are repeated or last longer then what is considered normal Causes disfluencies-which is involuntary breaks in an individuals speech. What is stuttering?. PubMed Health.
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By: Courtney Chilcoat
Speech disorder in which sounds, syllables or words are repeated or last longer then what is considered normal
Causes disfluencies-which is involuntary breaks in an individuals speechWhat is stuttering?
Over three million Americans stutter repeated or last longer then what is considered normal
5% of children between the ages 2 and 5 years old will develop a stutter in childhood
Less than 1% of children will develop stuttering that won’t go away.
We don’t know the causes of stuttering but that it runs in families and also affects four times as many males as females.
Most people don’t stutter when singing, whispering, or can’t hear their own voice.Facts
Developmental repeated or last longer then what is considered normal
PsychogenicTypes of Stuttering
University of Rochester Medical Center
Frustrated when trying to communicate repeated or last longer then what is considered normal
Speech may completely stop and pause mouth with little or no sound coming out—blocking
Inputting injections or words into their speech
Repeating of words, parts of words or syllables—repetitions
Making very long sounds in words– prolongationsSymptoms
PubMed Health & American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Diagnosing a stutter will mean meeting with a speech-language pathologist (SLP).
During the evaluation, the SLP will write down the number and types of disfluencies produced by the person in different circumstances. Also during this time, how the person reacts and deals with the disfluencies will be evaluated. During this time the SLP may try to gather information on teasing that could affect speech. Once diagnosed then they will determine how much daily life is affected by the speech.Diagnosis of a stutter
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Provide a good speech model. speech-language pathologist (SLP).
Improving a child’s self esteem.
Creating a good communication environment.What can you do as a teacher?
LaBlance, Steckol & Smith
Also called tongue tied speech-language pathologist (SLP).
Occurs when the tongue is connected to the floor of the mouth by a thin piece of tissue called the frenulum. It is considered a congenital condition so the child was born with it.Ankyloglossia Facts
My mother noticed that my brother, Trent, first began having problems pronouncing his name at the age of two. We figured that it was just simple developing his language and speech. When he was four, he went to the doctor for a regular check-up and the doctor noticed his speech and then really began looking into it. He was then diagnosed with Ankyloglossia at the age of four and then had his tongue clipped a few months later. After getting his tongue clipped, he started speech therapy- in which they worked with his tongue on strengthen and loosening the muscle. After that he then moved to more of how to pronounce certain combinations of letters. He will be done with speech therapy this year at the age of 9.Personal
First start off with reading the sentence “My name is C----------”. In this case you would pause on the C sound and hold it with little sound. This is a form of blocking which can easily frustrate those who are trying to communicate with others because it feels like you can’t get words out.Simulation 1
This time you will go through stuttering with repetitions. C----------”. In this case you would pause on the C sound and hold it with little sound. This is a form of blocking which can easily frustrate those who are trying to communicate with others because it feels like you can’t get words out.
Start with the word daddy, and repeat the first syllable so you would read “da-da-da-da-daddy.” (click here for an example-- http://www.d.umn.edu/~cspiller/stutteringpage/movies/repetitions.mov )
Then there is the repetition of inserting a weak vowel sound and then repeating so then read “buh-buh-baby”. The buhs should be bays. (click here for an example-- http://www.d.umn.edu/~cspiller/stutteringpage/movies/schwa.movSimulation 2
Begin reading “mmmmmmmommy”, in which you are holding a sound for longer then needed.
Click here for an example-- http://www.d.umn.edu/~cspiller/stutteringpage/movies/prolongations.movSimulation 3
Interview with Carolyn KassonBibliography