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The Cologne Cathedral. By: Matt Keenen. Through Examining the cathedral in Cologne what can be said about the German mind-set before, during and after its construction?.

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The Cologne Cathedral

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The cologne cathedral

The Cologne Cathedral

By: Matt Keenen

The cologne cathedral

Through Examining the cathedral in Cologne what can be said about the German mind-set before, during and after its construction?

  • My essential question analyzes the history, events, and architecture behind the Cologne Cathedral to see what it says about the German mind-set.

  • The German mind-set is comprised of 5 things: Economics, Politics, Religion, Nationalism, and Society.

Thesis statement

Thesis Statement:

  • The Cologne cathedral is a symbol of the cultural elements put into its construction. I have concluded that the middle class determines the prosperity of a nation or city.

The cathedral

The Cathedral

  • 1248-1560 1842-1880

  • Old cathedral burned down.

  • 1322 went bankrupt

  • Stopped in 1560

  • Restarted in 1842

  • Completed in 1880

Gothic style cathedral

Gothic Style Cathedral

  • Romanesque were simple.

  • Gothic were more complex as they were taller and had more stained glass windows.



  • Built under certain circumstances.

  • In a city/town

  • Wealthy city/town

  • Religious city/town

  • National Spirit

  • Cologne had all of these.

Middle ages

Middle Ages

  • Cologne During the middle ages went through a time of revival from the dark ages.



  • Cologne was a center for economic development.

  • Merchants and Craftsman gained power.

  • Located on the Rhine River Cologne is the largest inland port.

  • Had two main trade arteries.



  • The “German Rome”

  • Had many churches.

  • A bishop presided over Cologne.

  • Had a devoutly Roman Catholic population.



  • People were exempt from Feudal system.

  • Political battles with the Archbishop.

  • Freedom is important because it allows for cultural development and economic growth.



  • Competition.

  • Cathedrals were symbols of power.

  • City pride.



  • Middle class ruled the cities.

  • Cities depend on the middle class.

  • Cathedrals only built in cities with a strong middle class.

Cologne s decline

Cologne’s Decline

  • Cathedral went bankrupt in 1322.

  • Construction stops in 1560.

  • Why was there no reformation in Cologne?

Post napoleonic prussia

Post-Napoleonic Prussia

  • Prussia survived.

  • Gained control of Cologne.

  • Prussia became the most powerful nation-state in Germany.

Prussian reform movement

Prussian Reform Movement

  • Reform or Destruction

  • New government

  • Modernization/Industrialization

  • Urbanization

  • Social hierarchy transformed.

The cologne cathedral1

The Cologne Cathedral

  • Begins construction again in 1842.

  • The Kaiser holds an elaborate ceremony for Cathedral construction.

  • The cathedral becomes a symbol for the nation.

  • The five elements still apply to the construction of the cathedral.



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