The Gothic Cathedral. A stone Bible that must be read. Medieval theologians believed a church’s beauty would inspire parishioners to meditation and belief. The Cathedrals were called “Stone Bibles” The Annotated Mona Lisa. Quotes from Malcolm Miller, a Chartres Historian:.
The Gothic Cathedral
A stone Bible that must be read.
Quotes from Malcolm Miller, a Chartres Historian:
(The Voices of Chartres )
Giotto di Bondone Betrayal of Christ 200x185cm, Fresco. Arena Chapelabout 1302
West Façade of Cathedral of Reims, c 1230-1260 France
The flying buttresses and vaulted ceilings make up the spine of this book.
You can judge this book by its cover.
Notre Dame, Chartres, France.
Exterior view, south transept, centre portal, west side, (left to right), Saint Matthew, Saint Thomas, Saint Philip, Saint Andrew, Saint Peterwww.artandarchitecture.org.uk
Right: Chartres Cathedral, west facade, jamb figures: ca. 1145-55
These Early Gothic Figures have halos linking them to Romanesque Art that was replaced by Gothic Art
Jambs statues from the left side of the central portal: (left to right)
Melchizedek, Abraham with Isaac, Moses, Samuel,and King David.
The dramatic Abraham, with head turned hearing God's message demonstrates the shift out of the pillarChartres Cathedral, Chatres France
Ancestror of Christ. Chartres, Royal Portal
The sculptures, the paintings, and the stain glass windows tell the bible stories to young and old
Stories in Glass
Like illuminated manuscripts stain glass windows tell the tale.
These windows told tales of miracles, exile and martyrdom.
Bottom section of The Good Samaritan window:Chartres cathedral
Nativity: Joseph's Dream
Butchers selling a calf's head and carcass of a pig
Very few examples of gothic tapestries survived the wars and theft .
One of the Lady and the Unicorn series. Late 15th century
These Medieval mille fleur tapestries dealt with courtly or country life, mythology, allegory, heraldry and narrative themes.
Giotto. Lamentation. c. 1306. fresco.
Late Gothic/Proto Renaissance. Scrovegni Chapel, Padua
Annunciation and Saints
Simone Martini and Lippo Memmi
Siena Cathedral, Italy
tempera and gold on wood
The involvement of the community in rebuilding the Cathedral again and again was because the Pilgrims spent money in town.
The holy relic Chatres Cathedral holds is the tunic Mary wore at the Annunciation (when angel Gabriel come to tell Mary she would be the mother of Jesus). It was brought to Chartres in 876 by Charlemagne. It was acquired during the crusades.Thousands of pilgrims came to see it each year.
Therefore it was important to the economic and political well being of Chartres to preserve their Cathedral and its treasures
Above: The wine merchant Beside The drapery seller
Gothic Cathedrals are a medieval art form
They hold many stories for the illiterate and non latin speakers in delicate pieces of glass, tapestry, frescoes and sculpture.
An engineering invention called the Flying buttress added to the vertical support for the roof of the Cathedral so these walls of glass could be created.
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