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Community Assessment Part 1. CMG Buttery MB BS MPH. Purpose. To assess health status of a community A defined geographic area City (by hand-1970) or City (early gis 1982)) or City (current gis 1990+)

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Community assessment part 1

Community AssessmentPart 1

CMG Buttery MB BS MPH


Purpose
Purpose

  • To assess health status of a community

    • A defined geographic area

      • City (by hand-1970)

      • or City (early gis 1982))

      • or City (current gis 1990+)

    • A defined population with a specified characteristic (to be discussed by Dr Bradford)


Why

  • To set a baseline for improvement

  • To set Goals

  • To set objectives

  • To inform the public


Who is involved
Who is involved?

  • The stakeholders

    • Elected officials

    • Health Community- Drs, Administrators, Nurses, Pharmacists etc.

    • Representatives of the public

      • Local Board of Health

      • Neighborhood representatives

      • Business Community

      • “special” interests


Health status
Health Status

  • The overall health of the community compared to a ‘Gold Standard’

  • The gold standard may be an average for the state of nation, it may be a mythical standard based on current best outcomes such as longevity, or lack of disability, or best treatment.


Process 1
Process-1

  • Decide the Goal of the Assessment

    • Who

    • What

    • When

    • How

    • Why


Process 2
Process 2

  • Gather Data

    • Rates

      • Birth

      • Death

      • Diseases

        • Common diseases e.g.:

          • Infections

          • Heart disease

          • Diabetes


Process 3
Process -3

  • Where is the data

    • Primary Data from surveillance

      • State Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

      • Local Surveys

      • NCHS Surveys

    • Secondary data from reports

      • Birth data

      • Death Data

      • Hospital Discharge data

      • Local health department records


Process 4
Process 4

  • Compare rates: both incidence and prevalence

  • Compare with?

    • Similar communities

    • States

    • Nation

    • World

  • Longitudinal comparisons


Process 5
Process 5

  • Display data

    • Who will view the data?

    • Are they likely to understand the format?

    • Is the data easy to read?

    • What are the display options?

      • Written

      • Charts, columns, pies.

      • Pictures

      • Geographic ( Chris Delcher will discuss this)


Review of data
Review of data

  • By staff to be sure it is correct

  • By supervisors

  • By community interests

  • Revision

  • Further review


Set goals
Set Goals

  • After public comment

  • Develop a healthy people or healthy communities plan

  • Develop resource plan.

  • Set time table

  • Action!


Finally
Finally

  • Write your plan/recommendations


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