Biofuels as a business
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Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade - Brazil. Biofuels as a business. Sugarcane numbers – Brazil (2008)*. GDP: US$ 28 bi Larger than the GDP of 110 countries! Financial transactions: US$ 86 bi Tax’s collection: US$ 10 bi 1,28 mi of formal workers ~ 2,15% of brazilian jobs.

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Biofuels as a business

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Biofuels as a business

Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade - Brazil

Biofuels as a business


Sugarcane numbers brazil 2008

Sugarcane numbers – Brazil (2008)*

  • GDP: US$ 28 bi

    • Larger than the GDP of 110 countries!

  • Financial transactions: US$ 86 bi

  • Tax’s collection: US$ 10 bi

  • 1,28 mi of formal workers

    • ~ 2,15% of brazilian jobs

* Source: Markestrat – Mapeamento e Quantificação do Setor Sucroenergético em 2008


Biofuels as a business

Sugarcane Sector - Financial transactions - US$ 86 bi

Before farms

9.252,42

On Farms

11.509,75

After Farms

52.795,27

Sugarcane

Production

Own:

6.387,91

Suppliers:

5.121,84

MILLS Total

22.639,17

Distributor

8.624,05

Gas station

11.114,50

Fertilizers

2.259,09

Equipments

3.400,99

Ethanol

12.417,36

Beverage ind.

and cosmetic

Pesticides

768,44

Autom./Instrum.

269,76

retail

3.259,26

Sugar

9.765,08

Wholesaler

743,89

agricultural lime

50,56

Electrical instal.

366,00

Food Ind.

and Others

Resellers

Cooperatives

477,54

pesticides

Bioelectricity

389,63

Auto p./Maint.

2.851,19

Building

594,75

Free

Consumer

Yeast e Additiv.

63,62

Distributor

Harvesters

426,52

Assembly/Maint.

1.110,35

Special

Consumer

Carbon credit

3,48

Animal feed

industry

Tractors

320,87

END CONSUMER

Prod.Químicos

463,82

Bioplastic

Implements

425,66

Chemicals

94,19

Trucks

331,36

More than ¾ of financial

transactions are after farms.

Sacks

45,42

Trailer

233,36

Big bags

14,67

Elaboration: Neves, Trombin, Consoli, 2009.

Diesel e Lubrif.

1.054,01

Labor. products

15,46

Protective equip.

53,80

Protective equip.

38,96

Agentes Facilitators (service providers) – 13.275,58


Biofuels as a business

Employment - 2007

Sugarcane and ethanol

Extraction and oil products

Source: Moraes et. al. with data from RAIS (2007) e PNAD (2007)


Biofuels as a business

WORKERS REMUNERATION EVOLUTION

Farm workers - salary

who had the biggest increases (%)

(1999 – 2007)

Rice

Sugarcane

Soy

Coffee

Corn

Cassava

Source: Oliveira, data from PNAD.

Comparing the value of production per acreage, the value of sugar cane is significantly higher than that of other crops such as soybeans and corn.

Source: Impacto da Produção de Cana-de-Açúcar sobre as Condições Sociais das Regiões Canavieiras

André Luis Squarize Chagas


Biofuels as a business

São Paulo – Comparison between municipalities with and without

significant sugarcane activity

Alphabetization index

Gini coefficient

Average: 90,6

Average: 0,516

Average: 88,6

Average: 0,532

Source: A Sustainability Analysis of the Brazilian Bio-ethanol. Walter et al


Biofuels as a business

Average Productivity of Ethanol Production in Brazil

Annual growth rate

2,7%

Annual growth rate

1,6%

Kiloliters per hectare

Tonnes of sugarcane per hectare

Sugarcane productivity

Ethanol productivity

Note: 07/08e estimate Source:UNICA.


Biofuels as a business

TECHNOLOGICAL EVOLUTION OF SUGARCANE INDUSTRY

RESULTS OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGICAL EVOLUTION IN THE SUGAR & BIOETHANOL SECTOR – 2007

2009

15.000

98

92

87

320

1,6

2,0

Source: Denini


Biofuels as a business

Innovations as a result of biofuel investment

Ethanol-powered plane

Flex-fuel cars

Sugarcane planter

Ethanol mills

Flex thermoelectric plant

Seedling production

Bioeletricity

Sugarcane harvester

Steam turbines


Biofuels as a business

The Brazilian experience

1979 to 1989: bus and truck with the ethanol engine in Brazil

Nowadays: testing of new engines


Biofuels as a business

Benefits of cogeneration and distributed generation of eletricity

  • Experience and know how

    • Units are self-sufficient in energy

  • Reduced construction period

    • Construction in 24-30 months

  • Renewable and clean energy

    • Low environmental impact

    • Provide carbon credits

  • Synergy with hydro production pattern

    • Bioelectricity is produced during the dry season

  • Smaller projects and broader range of investors

    • Eliminate risks of delay and construction problems

  • Strengthen the national equipment industry and create jobs

  • Location close to main load centers

Bioeletricity

sugar

ethanol

Bagass

sugarcane

Sources: PSR, Cogen and UNICA


Biofuels as a business

Genetic improvement of sugarcane.

Each year, close to six new varieties are released to the market and the total number of varieties is currently close to 500.

Best techniques for seedling production of sugarcane


Biofuels as a business

Source: Unica


Biofuels as a business

Green Polyethylene Cycle

From cradle to cradle

Ethanol CH3-CH2OH

Sugarcane

Ethylene CH2=CH2

At the distillery, the sugar juice is fermented and distillated to produce ethanol

The sugarcane crop metabolizes the CO2 to produce sucrose (85 t/ha; 14% sugars + 28% biomass)

Through the dehydration, the ethanol is transformed in ethylene

Very Favorable Ecoprofile

Captures and Fixes 2,5 t CO2/t PE

Recycling

Carbon capture

Green PE [CH2=CH2]

The green polyethylene is 100% recyclable (Mechanical / Incineration)

The green polyethylene is transformed in final products in the same unities already existents

The ethylene is polymerized in polyethylene production unities (3 t PE/ha)

Source: Brasken


Biofuels as a business

Source: Unica


Biofuels as a business

Source: Unica


Biofuels as a business

  • Brazilian Expertise

  • Mills Projects, design, production, sales, installation and maintenance. Turn-key mills and all machinery and equipments to biofuels production.

  • Research, development, technology innovation and totally services for biofuels.

  • Agriculture technology generation to production materials for renewable fuels.

  • Technologies for ethanol and biodiesel production.

  • CogenerationEnergy


Biofuels as a business

Ethanol production in the world with Brazilian technology

New projects of distilleries

anywhere in the world

Products, Services and Brazilian Technology Available

  • Economical feasibility studies and analysis of area/soils and weather feasibility

  • Supply of sprouts and productive & resitant genetic diversity

  • Technology for plague control and combat


Biofuels as a business

Products, Services and Brazilian Technology Available

Machinery and Equipment for cutting, loading and transportation

  • “Turn-Key” Plants

  • Sugar & Ethanol Plants

  • Ethanol Distilleries

  • Energy co-generation using bagass

  • Biodiesel Plants

  • Consulting and follow-up of all process of the

  • productive chain

  • Professional Qualification


Biofuels as a business

Why Biofuels?

Environmental profits

  • Carbon sequestration

  • Lower level of emission in the consumption

  • Global warming

Renewability

  • Short cycle of production

  • Man-controlled process

Economic aspects

  • New component of demand

  • Impact in the trade balance

  • Monetization of least developed countries

Social aspects

  • Jobs creation

  • Income deconcetration

Political aspects

  • Democracy

  • Energy security


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