Remembering and forgetting information
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 17

Remembering and Forgetting Information PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Remembering and Forgetting Information. Chapter 3. Remembering. Using a Schema. Importance of Organization. Organized, coherent, structured “map” of our world Something doesn’t match we have to stop and overcome confusion Must be able to block out incorrect information Giving directions

Download Presentation

Remembering and Forgetting Information

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Remembering and forgetting information

Remembering and Forgetting Information

Chapter 3



Using a schema

Using a Schema

Importance of organization

Importance of Organization

  • Organized, coherent, structured “map” of our world

    • Something doesn’t match we have to stop and overcome confusion

  • Must be able to block out incorrect information

    • Giving directions

  • New information must be stored correctly

    • Misplacing items



  • Say with great accuracy when something is familiar

  • Much more stored in memory that we might think

  • Singles items may be indexed under several headings

    • Can recognize a piano regardless of the song

    • Can recognize songs regardless of the instrument

  • More categories assigned, easier retrieval



  • Active reconstruction of information

  • Every word you use

  • Knowledge, attitudes, and expectations

    • Can simplify, distort, or enrich

  • Confabulation

    • False memories

    • Fill in gaps of incomplete memories



  • Clip from Harry Potter



  • Implicit memory

  • Long-term memory has general concepts

    • Specific details are forgotten

  • Need to use knowledge learned years ago

    • Fewer tries/shorter time than someone learning for the first time = benefiting

Photographic memory

Photographic Memory

  • Eidetic Memory

  • Rarely seen in adults

  • Children can recall very specific details from a picture, page, or scene briefly viewed

  • Does not truly exist as we imagine

    • Merely an increased capacity of iconic memory

Eyewitness reports

Eyewitness Reports





  • Does not mean memory is lost

    • Inability to bring it back

  • Forgetting occurs rapidly

    • Overlearning: rehearse it continually

  • Not enough practice

  • Memory decay

Interference theory

Interference Theory

  • Conflict between new and old material

  • Adjusting schemas causes problems

  • New material similar to old hard to remember

  • Proactive: earlier memory does the blocking

  • Retroactive: later memory does the blocking

    • EX: New phone number



  • Old data not always lost, but blocked

  • Blocked not always accident(Freud)

    • Embarrassing of frightening experiences

  • Useful applications

    • Parking your car



  • Blocking of old memories, loss of newer ones

  • Explanations

    • Temporary reduction of blood supply from an injury

    • Blow to the head causes major electrical changes, wiping out new memories

  • Another blow to the head will not undo amnesia

Amnesia cont

Amnesia Cont.

  • Retrograde Amnesia

    • Loss of past memories

    • Memories closer to accident more likely to be forgotten

  • Anterograde Amnesia

    • Inability to create new memories

    • Long-term memories remain intact

    • “Short term memory loss”

Amnesia examples

Amnesia Examples



Dory clip

  • Sponge Bob clip

  • Login