World war i turning points
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World War I: Turning Points. Weaponry. Machine gun Airplane Tank. Poison gas Zeppelin Big Bertha. Battle of the Marne (Sept 5-12, 1914). Month-long German offensive toward Paris halted after six French field armies and one British army counterattacked against the Germans

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World War I: Turning Points

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World war i turning points

World War I: Turning Points


Weaponry

Weaponry

  • Machine gun

  • Airplane

  • Tank

  • Poison gas

  • Zeppelin

  • Big Bertha


Battle of the marne sept 5 12 1914

Battle of the Marne(Sept 5-12, 1914)

  • Month-long German offensive toward Paris halted after six French field armies and one British army counterattacked against the Germans

  • Marked failure of Schlieffen Plan


Battle of ypres oct 19 nov 22 1914

Battle of Ypres(Oct 19-Nov 22, 1914)

  • Ypres = strategic city in Belgium

  • British wanted to secure English Channel ports for supply line by sea

  • Germans needed Ypres to get to Calais

  • French did not want Germans to outflank Allied front from the north

  • Ended the “Race to the Sea”; Germans prevented from reaching Calais and Dunkirk


Battle of verdun feb 21 dec 18 1916

Battle of Verdun(Feb 21-Dec 18, 1916)

  • By 1915, many forts were left mostly undefended due to threat of German howitzers; Germans took Fort Douaumont February 25, 1916

  • Fort Douaumont = largest/highest of the 19 large defensive forts protecting Verdun; recaptured by French in October 1916

  • After nearly 10 months: negligible gains in territory, massive casualties (542,000 French & 434,000 Germans), yet an Allied victory


Fort douaumont start of 1916

Fort Douaumont, start of 1916


Fort douaumont end of 1916

Fort Douaumont, end of 1916


Battle of the somme july 1 nov 18 1916

Battle of the Somme(July 1-Nov 18, 1916)

  • British took lead since French were still defending Verdun

  • More than one million casualties; one of the bloodiest wars ever recorded


U s enters the war

U.S. Enters the War

  • 1914: US factories producing at high rate in response to demand from war; U.S. maintained neutrality

  • 1916: National Defense Act passed, authorizing expansion of US Army to 175,000-286,000 in the event of war

  • 1917: Apr 2, President Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war; granted Apr 6


Treaty of versailles

Treaty of Versailles

  • Armistice Day: November 11, 1918: ceasefire

  • June 28, 1919: Ended state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers

  • Germany required to:

    • Accept responsibility for causing the war (Austria & Hungary in Treaties of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and Trianon)

    • Disarm

    • Make substantial territorial concessions, and pay heavy reparations to Entente Power countries

      • $31.4 billion in 1921

      • $442 billion today


Credits

Credits

  • http://flightlinefabrications.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/wwi.bmp

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:French_soldiers_ditch_1914.jpg

  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/Battle_of_the_Marne_-_Map.jpg

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wbggEGUaE28

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-LxzD6Luj4

  • http://old.library.jhu.edu/sebin/x/o/box76item105.jpg

  • http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-bVGcZWB00CI/T5tbAz4puLI/AAAAAAAAALk/griIO2CQV0o/s1600/Gamma-gerat.jpg

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UamKIlTsKgA

  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fd/Race_to_the_Sea_1914.png

  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/Verdun_and_Vincinity_-_Map.jpg

  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f5/Fort_Douaumont_Ende_1916.jpg

  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0e/Fort_Douaumont_Anfang_1916.jpg

  • http://www.therooms.ca/regiment/images/somme-static-map-FA.jpg

  • http://www.ushmm.org/lcmedia/map/lc/image/ger71020.gif


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