World After World War I. A Look at the World Post 1918. What was the world like politically after WWI?. Colonies’ participated in the war, which increased demands for independence Mass amounts of colonial nationalism and resistance to imperial rule begins
A Look at the World Post 1918
Maginot Line – system of detailed trenches built by the French
"Comrade Lenin Cleanses the Earth of Filth" Communist poster, 1920
Maoist demonstration, Nepal
"Have you signed up as a volunteer?"Civil war recruitment poster
Coat of Arms of the Soviet Union
5-Year Plans reflected Soviet system of central planning
Increase Farm Input
Collectivization and Famine
Extremely nationalistic (Fascism is for the good of a particular country alone.)
Does not seek a “classless society”.
Made up of aristocrats, industrialists, war veterans, and lower middle class.
Internationalistic (Communists believe their system should spread throughout the world.)
Seeks a “classless society”
Made up of urban working lower classes (Russia) and peasants (China).Fascism vs. Communism Differences
Mussolini in Power
After World War I, new ideas about government power promoted by Benito Mussolini led to drastic change in the Italian government.
Mussolini not satisfied merely with political control
Hitler’s Early Career
Germany underwent great changes after World War I. Like Mussolini and Stalin, Germany’s Adolph Hitler rose to power during a time of conflict and political instability.
Hitler Controls Germany
Nazis mounted more direct attacks on Jews
Laws Excluding Jews
A key component of the Nazi system was strong anti-Semitic beliefs. Anti-Semitism is hostility toward or prejudice against Jews. Hitler blamed Jews for many of German’s problems, including its defeat in World War I.
Nuremberg Laws defined a person as Jewish based on ancestry of grandparents—not religious beliefs.
Other economic challenges during the 1920s
Growing Military Influence
During economic crisis of 1927 and Great Depression, many lost faith in their government and looked to military for leadership.
1924 U.S. law barred Japanese immigration
Taking Over the Government
War in China
Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
Japan had early victories in China, but subsequent battles did not go Japan’s way.