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Women's Worlds 2005 : 9th International Interdisciplinary Congress on Women. Mapping Out New Policy Directions for Young Women in Korea. Won , Mi-Hye Seoul Resource Center for Young Women. 1 . W hat are 'policies for young women'?. - The policies for young women are based on

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Mapping Out New Policy Directions for Young Women in Korea

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Women's Worlds 2005

: 9th International Interdisciplinary Congress on Women

Mapping Out

New Policy Directions

for Young Women in Korea

Won, Mi-Hye

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


1. What are 'policies for young women'?

-Thepoliciesforyoungwomenarebasedon

gender/agesensitivityinordertoreflectgenderedageism

-Thepoliciesforyoungwomenarenotlimitedto

teenagewomenonlybutwidelydirectedtoeveryissuethat

concernsgender/ageism, adoptingintegratedapproachesof

WID (WomeninDevelopment) and

GAD(GenderAndDevelopment)

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


What are ‘policies for young women’?

  • Target : Differsfromthepoliciesofdifferentcountries

  • -Thedefinitionofyouthingeneral

  • : 15to24yearsold (35atthemost)

  • -IncaseofKorea

  • : TheYouthLaw: 9 - 24

  • TheCivilLaw: Under20

  • TheYouthProtectionLaw: Under19

  • TheLaborStandardAct: Under18

  • --> Policiesforyoungwomenmainlyareforthewomen

  • oftheagefrom13to18whoarenoteligibleto

  • attaintherightstoworkandvote

  • ("TeenageWomen" )

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


2. TheBackground

: TheEstablishmentofPoliciesfor

YoungWomenandtheYouth

Internationalspotlightontheimportanceof

theyouthandyoungwomen'srights

: Policiesfortheyouthoperateinthecontextof

modernhistorywhichidentifiedthegroupof

pre-adultsasyouth.

Thisnotionhasbecomereinforcedin21stcentury.

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Realizationoftheideathat

allwomenandtheyoutharesignificant

humanresourcesofthefuture

-Primaryattentionhasbeengivento

humanresourcesdevelopmentintheageof

lowbirthrateandageingsociety

-Thestresshasbeenputontheroleof

theyouthinhigh-techinformationsociety

-Marginalizedwomenandtheyouthassexualminority

havebeenbroughtintothecenter

==> Importanceoftherightsandsocialparticipationof

theyouthhasbeenhighlighted

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Internationalstandards

  • -"ConventionontheRightsoftheChild"

  • -Internationaleffortstoeradicate

  • 'Commercialsexualexploitationofchildren' (theStockholm

  • DeclarationandAgendaforActionofthe1stWorldCongress

  • AgainstCommercialSexualExploitationofChildrenin1996,

  • andtheYokohamaGlobalCommitment2001

  • ofthe2ndConference)

  • "Thegovernment, NGO, theorganizationsfordevelopment,

  • local, international, andgovernmentalorganizationsshould

  • improveandensuretherightsofyoungwomen,

  • theyouthandchild" (2004, Beijing + 10)

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


FocusontheImportanceof

thePoliciesforYoungWomeninKorea

Thediscourseandthepoliciesthatdealwith theimportanceof

youngwomenarecloselyrelatedtothechanges

intheviewofthesocietyonyoungwomen

1/ Pre-sexualization

1/ Thechangesandcrisisintraditionalfamilystructure

1/ Theurgentcalltoregardsexindustry, violencein

schoolandsexualviolenceasproblematic

1/ TheimportanceoftheYouth?srightsand

socialresponsibility

1/ Theimportanceoftheideathatallwomenand

theyoutharesignificanthumanresources

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


3. RecentDiscourseon

TeenageWomeninKorea

  • Theabsenceofconcernfor

  • teenagewomeningeneral

  • <Table-1> Percentageofyoungwomendealtin

  • newspaperarticlesaboutwomenandtheyouth*

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women

* The source of the articles: 72 published materials including

daily news papers, local news papers, and journals


2) IssuesonTeenageWomen

: PerspectivesConcentratedOnlyonPresentEvents

<Table-2> Percentageofthesubjectsdealtin

newspaperarticlesaboutyoungwomen

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women

* The number of total articles printed in 2004 /

The checked articles overlap in this research


3) TheDualMessageson

TeenageWomen'sSexuality

: Theyareseenasasexualandseductive

atthesametime

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


4. ThelimitationsoftheExistingPolicies

forYoungWomen

Thepoliciesforyoungwomenhavebecomesignificantinitiatives

sincethelate90swhentheintenseattentionwasgivento

theteenagewomen’ssextrade, andhavebeenimplementedasapartof

theprotectionfortheyouth.

Thepoliciesforyoungwomencoincidewiththeprotectionlaws

forwomensuchasAnti-ProstitutionLawenactedfrom1961

==> Policiesfortheyouthandwomenareconcentratedin

protectingthesexualityofteenagers

fromapatronizingperspective

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


ThelimitationsoftheExistingPolicies

forYoungWomen

1/ Protectingandregulatingsexuality

: protectionistperspective

1/ Causaldeterminismonfamilycrisis

1/ Negativepolicies

: failtoreflectontheneedsofteenagers

1/ Theabsenceofintegratedapproach

: thelackofgenderperspectiveinpoliciesfortheyouth

aswellasthelackoftheyouthperspectiveinpolicies

forwomen

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Seoul Resource Center for Young Women

5. TheNewPoliciesforYoungWomen

: Theneedtorecognizetheideathat

youngwomenhavedifferentneedsandexperience

fromyoungmenleadsustodevelopthepolicies

fromagenderperspective

1) Integratedapproachon

theyouthandwomen’spolicies

Analysisandthealternativesontheinterlockingoppression

thatderivesfromgenderedageism

: eliminationofgenderedageismorgenderdiscrimination

accordingtotheagedifference (separatestatisticsthat

reflectonandrepresentteenagewomen’sconditionare

required)


2) Eliminationofhierarchicalageism

-Alternativesfortheexistingtraditionthathasdetermined

ourorder, behaviorsanddecision-makingareinneed

-Approachesbasedonhumanrightsincludingsexualself-

determination, laborrights, andtherightstoparticipate

-Theneedtoattainanunderstandingoftheyouth

asacomplex, pluralagent

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


3) Sensitivitytovariousdiscriminationsanddifferences

-Sensitivitytotheinterlockingdiscriminationand

oppressionbasedonvariouspropertiessuchasgender,

looks, sexualidentity, ethnicity, andrace

-Understandingsofthedifferencesbetweenthedifferenceage

groupsofdifferentsocio-culturalcontext

4) Primarysupportforalienated, neglectedand

vulnerablegroups

5) Theimportanceofbuildingthesensitivityto

genderequalityinyouth

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Seoul Resource Center for Young Women

6. Themajoragendasdirectedto

developingthepolicies

foryoungwomen

1/ Buildingthesafetynet

1/ Eliminatingallformsofdiscriminations

againstyoungwomen

1/ Empowermentofyoungwomen

1/ Encouragementoftheyouthinparticipatinginand

sharingtheinformationofeveryprocessofdecision-making


Thedetailedagendasofthepolicies

foryoungwomen

: approachesandthecontents

1) Buildingthesafetynet

-Rethinkingandrebuildingayouthperspectiveon

women’spoliciesandagenderedperspectiveon

thepoliciesforyouth

-Enactingvariousinstitutionalapparatusestobuild

thesafetynettopreventdomesticviolence,

sexualviolence, andsextrade

-Genderequalitytrainingprogramsdirectedto

thepersonnelofrelatedorganizationsandtheyouth

-Establishingtheresourcenetworkinregionallevel

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


2) Eliminatingallformsofdiscriminations

againstyoungwomen

-Therightstoeliminateallformsof

genderbiasandprejudice

-Therightstoensurehersexualself-determinationrights

andtobenefitfromhealthcareservices (NAPY)

-Therightstobetreatedequallyregardlessof

genderandsexualidentity

-Therightstomaintainvariousformsof

familyandrelationships

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Seoul Resource Center for Young Women

3) Empowermentofyoungwomen

: reflectingontheneedsand

conditionofyoungwomen

-Genderequalityandleadershipprograms

: includingmediamonitoringprograms

-Health-careservices

: Consciousnessraisingprogramsforbodyimages, diet,

anddrugabuse

-Empowermentprograms

: promotingandprovidingeconomicalliteracy,

jobopportunities, mentoring, andeconomicalindependence

forstartingherownbusiness


Seoul Resource Center for Young Women

-Culturalcapitaltoenhanceandexpandtheaccessof

youngwomentotheactivitiessuchassportsandtravel

-Safeplace

: expandingtimeandplacesthataresaferand

morefriendlytowomen

-Sexuality

: sexualityeducation, pregnancy, anddelivery


4) Encouragementoftheyouthinparticipatingin

andsharingtheinformationofeveryprocessof

decision-making : LetHerSpeakUp!

-Participationofyoungwomeninadecisionmakingprocess

: establishmentofcommitteesand

policymonitoringprograms

-Supportandempowermentofyoungwomen’sownactivities

andorganizations

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


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