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Women's Worlds 2005 : 9th International Interdisciplinary Congress on Women. Mapping Out New Policy Directions for Young Women in Korea. Won , Mi-Hye Seoul Resource Center for Young Women. 1 . W hat are 'policies for young women'?. - The policies for young women are based on

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Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

Women's Worlds 2005

: 9th International Interdisciplinary Congress on Women

Mapping Out

New Policy Directions

for Young Women in Korea

Won, Mi-Hye

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

1. What are 'policies for young women'?

-Thepoliciesforyoungwomenarebasedon

gender/agesensitivityinordertoreflectgenderedageism

-Thepoliciesforyoungwomenarenotlimitedto

teenagewomenonlybutwidelydirectedtoeveryissuethat

concernsgender/ageism, adoptingintegratedapproachesof

WID (WomeninDevelopment) and

GAD(GenderAndDevelopment)

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

What are ‘policies for young women’?

  • Target : Differsfromthepoliciesofdifferentcountries

  • -Thedefinitionofyouthingeneral

  • : 15to24yearsold (35atthemost)

  • -IncaseofKorea

  • : TheYouthLaw: 9 - 24

  • TheCivilLaw: Under20

  • TheYouthProtectionLaw: Under19

  • TheLaborStandardAct: Under18

  • --> Policiesforyoungwomenmainlyareforthewomen

  • oftheagefrom13to18whoarenoteligibleto

  • attaintherightstoworkandvote

  • ("TeenageWomen" )

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

2. TheBackground

: TheEstablishmentofPoliciesfor

YoungWomenandtheYouth

Internationalspotlightontheimportanceof

theyouthandyoungwomen'srights

: Policiesfortheyouthoperateinthecontextof

modernhistorywhichidentifiedthegroupof

pre-adultsasyouth.

Thisnotionhasbecomereinforcedin21stcentury.

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

Realizationoftheideathat

allwomenandtheyoutharesignificant

humanresourcesofthefuture

-Primaryattentionhasbeengivento

humanresourcesdevelopmentintheageof

lowbirthrateandageingsociety

-Thestresshasbeenputontheroleof

theyouthinhigh-techinformationsociety

-Marginalizedwomenandtheyouthassexualminority

havebeenbroughtintothecenter

==> Importanceoftherightsandsocialparticipationof

theyouthhasbeenhighlighted

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

Internationalstandards

  • -"ConventionontheRightsoftheChild"

  • -Internationaleffortstoeradicate

  • 'Commercialsexualexploitationofchildren' (theStockholm

  • DeclarationandAgendaforActionofthe1stWorldCongress

  • AgainstCommercialSexualExploitationofChildrenin1996,

  • andtheYokohamaGlobalCommitment2001

  • ofthe2ndConference)

  • "Thegovernment, NGO, theorganizationsfordevelopment,

  • local, international, andgovernmentalorganizationsshould

  • improveandensuretherightsofyoungwomen,

  • theyouthandchild" (2004, Beijing + 10)

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

FocusontheImportanceof

thePoliciesforYoungWomeninKorea

Thediscourseandthepoliciesthatdealwith theimportanceof

youngwomenarecloselyrelatedtothechanges

intheviewofthesocietyonyoungwomen

1/ Pre-sexualization

1/ Thechangesandcrisisintraditionalfamilystructure

1/ Theurgentcalltoregardsexindustry, violencein

schoolandsexualviolenceasproblematic

1/ TheimportanceoftheYouth?srightsand

socialresponsibility

1/ Theimportanceoftheideathatallwomenand

theyoutharesignificanthumanresources

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

3. RecentDiscourseon

TeenageWomeninKorea

  • Theabsenceofconcernfor

  • teenagewomeningeneral

  • <Table-1> Percentageofyoungwomendealtin

  • newspaperarticlesaboutwomenandtheyouth*

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women

* The source of the articles: 72 published materials including

daily news papers, local news papers, and journals


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

2) IssuesonTeenageWomen

: PerspectivesConcentratedOnlyonPresentEvents

<Table-2> Percentageofthesubjectsdealtin

newspaperarticlesaboutyoungwomen

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women

* The number of total articles printed in 2004 /

The checked articles overlap in this research


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

3) TheDualMessageson

TeenageWomen'sSexuality

: Theyareseenasasexualandseductive

atthesametime

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

4. ThelimitationsoftheExistingPolicies

forYoungWomen

Thepoliciesforyoungwomenhavebecomesignificantinitiatives

sincethelate90swhentheintenseattentionwasgivento

theteenagewomen’ssextrade, andhavebeenimplementedasapartof

theprotectionfortheyouth.

Thepoliciesforyoungwomencoincidewiththeprotectionlaws

forwomensuchasAnti-ProstitutionLawenactedfrom1961

==> Policiesfortheyouthandwomenareconcentratedin

protectingthesexualityofteenagers

fromapatronizingperspective

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

ThelimitationsoftheExistingPolicies

forYoungWomen

1/ Protectingandregulatingsexuality

: protectionistperspective

1/ Causaldeterminismonfamilycrisis

1/ Negativepolicies

: failtoreflectontheneedsofteenagers

1/ Theabsenceofintegratedapproach

: thelackofgenderperspectiveinpoliciesfortheyouth

aswellasthelackoftheyouthperspectiveinpolicies

forwomen

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women

5. TheNewPoliciesforYoungWomen

: Theneedtorecognizetheideathat

youngwomenhavedifferentneedsandexperience

fromyoungmenleadsustodevelopthepolicies

fromagenderperspective

1) Integratedapproachon

theyouthandwomen’spolicies

Analysisandthealternativesontheinterlockingoppression

thatderivesfromgenderedageism

: eliminationofgenderedageismorgenderdiscrimination

accordingtotheagedifference (separatestatisticsthat

reflectonandrepresentteenagewomen’sconditionare

required)


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

2) Eliminationofhierarchicalageism

-Alternativesfortheexistingtraditionthathasdetermined

ourorder, behaviorsanddecision-makingareinneed

-Approachesbasedonhumanrightsincludingsexualself-

determination, laborrights, andtherightstoparticipate

-Theneedtoattainanunderstandingoftheyouth

asacomplex, pluralagent

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

3) Sensitivitytovariousdiscriminationsanddifferences

-Sensitivitytotheinterlockingdiscriminationand

oppressionbasedonvariouspropertiessuchasgender,

looks, sexualidentity, ethnicity, andrace

-Understandingsofthedifferencesbetweenthedifferenceage

groupsofdifferentsocio-culturalcontext

4) Primarysupportforalienated, neglectedand

vulnerablegroups

5) Theimportanceofbuildingthesensitivityto

genderequalityinyouth

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women

6. Themajoragendasdirectedto

developingthepolicies

foryoungwomen

1/ Buildingthesafetynet

1/ Eliminatingallformsofdiscriminations

againstyoungwomen

1/ Empowermentofyoungwomen

1/ Encouragementoftheyouthinparticipatinginand

sharingtheinformationofeveryprocessofdecision-making


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

Thedetailedagendasofthepolicies

foryoungwomen

: approachesandthecontents

1) Buildingthesafetynet

-Rethinkingandrebuildingayouthperspectiveon

women’spoliciesandagenderedperspectiveon

thepoliciesforyouth

-Enactingvariousinstitutionalapparatusestobuild

thesafetynettopreventdomesticviolence,

sexualviolence, andsextrade

-Genderequalitytrainingprogramsdirectedto

thepersonnelofrelatedorganizationsandtheyouth

-Establishingtheresourcenetworkinregionallevel

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

2) Eliminatingallformsofdiscriminations

againstyoungwomen

-Therightstoeliminateallformsof

genderbiasandprejudice

-Therightstoensurehersexualself-determinationrights

andtobenefitfromhealthcareservices (NAPY)

-Therightstobetreatedequallyregardlessof

genderandsexualidentity

-Therightstomaintainvariousformsof

familyandrelationships

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women

3) Empowermentofyoungwomen

: reflectingontheneedsand

conditionofyoungwomen

-Genderequalityandleadershipprograms

: includingmediamonitoringprograms

-Health-careservices

: Consciousnessraisingprogramsforbodyimages, diet,

anddrugabuse

-Empowermentprograms

: promotingandprovidingeconomicalliteracy,

jobopportunities, mentoring, andeconomicalindependence

forstartingherownbusiness


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women

-Culturalcapitaltoenhanceandexpandtheaccessof

youngwomentotheactivitiessuchassportsandtravel

-Safeplace

: expandingtimeandplacesthataresaferand

morefriendlytowomen

-Sexuality

: sexualityeducation, pregnancy, anddelivery


Mapping out new policy directions for young women in korea

4) Encouragementoftheyouthinparticipatingin

andsharingtheinformationofeveryprocessof

decision-making : LetHerSpeakUp!

-Participationofyoungwomeninadecisionmakingprocess

: establishmentofcommitteesand

policymonitoringprograms

-Supportandempowermentofyoungwomen’sownactivities

andorganizations

Seoul Resource Center for Young Women


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