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Communication requirements from IEEE 1073. Bin Zhen, Huan-band Li and Ryuji Kohno National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT). Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs)

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Communication requirements from ieee 1073

Communication requirements from IEEE 1073

Bin Zhen, Huan-band Li and Ryuji Kohno

National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT)

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs)

Submission Title: [Communication requirements from IEEE 1073]

Date Submitted: [May, 2007]

Source: [Bin Zhen, Huan-Bang Li and Ryuji Kohno]

Company [National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT)]

Contact: Bin Zhen

Voice:[+81 46 847 5445, E-Mail: [email protected]]

Abstract: [Introduction to IEEE 1073]

Purpose: [To provide medical requirements for BAN]

Notice: This document has been prepared to assist the IEEE P802.15. It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s). The material in this document is subject to change in form and content after further study. The contributor(s) reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein.

Release: The contributor acknowledges and accepts that this contribution becomes the property of IEEE and may be made publicly available by P802.15.

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Motivations Area Networks (WPANs)

  • Better understand medical applications

  • Medical requirements from upper layers

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Needs for ieee 1073
Needs for IEEE 1073 Area Networks (WPANs)

  • Point-of-care medical device communication standards

  • To make sure the connectivity among medical devices

    • Otherwise, it may leave open to question the accuracy and completeness of a patient record

  • Better diagnosis, care and treatment

    • Without electronic capture of data and events associated with an episode of care, trending and other sophisticated data analyses are effectively impossible.

  • Less medical error

  • IEEE 802.x standards are inadequate to fully address the needs at the patient bedside

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Ieee 1073
IEEE 1073 Area Networks (WPANs)

  • Medical Information Bus (MIB)

    • between bedside medical device associated with a patient

    • between bedside environment and a patient care information system

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Medical device communication model
Medical device communication model Area Networks (WPANs)

Medical device

data language

Patient care


Medical device


Device communications


Bedside communications









Zhen, Li and Kohno

Layer model of ieee 1073
Layer model of IEEE 1073 Area Networks (WPANs)

ISO model


Medical device data language



Device application profile




Transport profile





base – layer standard


Zhen, Li and Kohno

Approved 1073 standards
Approved 1073 standards Area Networks (WPANs)

  • Health informatics - Point-of-care medical device communication

    • Nomenclature (2004)

    • Domain information model (2004)

    • Application profile - base standards (2004)

    • Transport profile - cable connected (2004)

    • Transport profile – infrared wireless (2004)

  • Only wired connections has standardized

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Unapproved drafts
Unapproved drafts Area Networks (WPANs)

  • Health informatics - Point-of-care medical device communication

    • Guidelines for the use of RF wireless technology

    • Medical Device Data Language (MDDL) Virtual Medical Device, Specialized Capnometer and cardiac Output

  • Some withdrawn standards

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Communication requirements
Communication requirements Area Networks (WPANs)

  • For use in a clinical environment, the transport must be robust, reliable and adaptable to changing conditions

  • Be suitable for a small single-bed systems with a local host at bedside to a lager multi-bed system with hosts and instrument throughout clinical facility

  • A MDS shall be unambiguously associated with a patient

  • Ease of use (“plug it in and walk away”)

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Transport profile connection mode
Transport profile: connection mode Area Networks (WPANs)

  • Data rate

    • 2.4kbps, 9.6kbps, 1000kbps

  • Connection sensing

    • Link maintenance (?)

  • Interrupt

    • to allow service request prior to next schedule polling time

  • Flow control

    • to regulate data communication to insure no data is lost in the case of limited resources

  • Data integrity check

  • Physical layer event

  • Single hop point-point communication (?)

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Phy interfaces
PHY interfaces Area Networks (WPANs)

  • Cable connection

    • RS-232

    • irDA

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Summary information
Summary information Area Networks (WPANs)

  • IEEE 1073 guarantees the plug-and-play interoperability in upper layers

    • Until now point-point cable connections have been defined

      • Wireless works are still behind the scene

    • Data rate required by IEEE 1073 is pretty low

    • QoS is provided by point-point connection

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Ieee 1073 and sg mban
IEEE 1073 and SG-MBAN Area Networks (WPANs)

  • IEEE11073 (ISO TC215 WG7)

  • No wireless connection PHYs

    • Draft guideline

    • No power consumption requirement

  • IEEE 1073 profiles are on the upper layer of SG-MBAN standard

  • Enemies of wireless technology in medical bedside environment

    • Biological effect of long-tern exposure to wireless signal

    • Coexistence among wireless technologies

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Medical requirement
Medical requirement Area Networks (WPANs)

  • QoS requirement for critical applications

    • Delay < 300ms

      • Determined by human response time

      • It is not as critical as some real time applications

    • FER<10-6

      • Determined by auto-detection algorithm

        • Sometimes, data cannot be lost in any condition

    • Mobility

      • Patient can be in moving

      • Doctors and nurses can walk around patient

      • Part of body can be in moving

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Interference analysis
Interference analysis Area Networks (WPANs)

  • Channel fading

    • Mobility of device

    • Environment change

  • Burst background noise

    • Microwave oven

    • Other wireless technologies

  • Malicious nodes occupy the channel

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Possible solutions
Possible solutions Area Networks (WPANs)

  • Possible solution in the framework of 802.15

    • Interference and QoS sensing mechanism

    • Backup channel lists

      • ISM and UWB band

      • Fast switch signaling

      • Dual channel mode

    • Frequency hopping system + adaptive frequency selection

      • An extreme case

      • SOP and multihop

    • Fast handover

    • New QoS mechanism

      • TDMA based superframe?

  • Move to WMTS band

  • Better coexistence framework in UWB

    • UWB band is in its early phase

Zhen, Li and Kohno

New issues
New issues Area Networks (WPANs)

  • QoS is the first priority

    • New FEC algorithm

    • Lack of QoS mechanism in 802.15

      • Multi-hop QoS

    • Battery life and maintenance might be the second one

  • Scalability

    • GTS and data rate

  • Location

  • ID

    • Patient is the center role

  • Security

    • Any new attack?

    • Any insufficiency in legacy methods?

Zhen, Li and Kohno

Conclusions Area Networks (WPANs)

  • Introduction to IEEE 1073

    • Medical information bus

  • Communication requirements from IEEE 1073

  • Possible solutions within IEEE 802 framework

Zhen, Li and Kohno