I. The Early Abbasid Caliphate, 750–1000
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I. The Early Abbasid Caliphate, 750–1000 II. The Shaping of Early Islamic Faith and Culture III. The Fatimid Empire, 909–1171 IV. Turkic Peoples and the Islamic Near East, 1000–1200 V. Al-Andalus: Islamic Spain, 700–1100 VI. Resisting the Latin Crusades

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I. The Early Abbasid Caliphate, 750–1000 II. The Shaping of Early Islamic Faith and Culture

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I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

I. The Early Abbasid Caliphate, 750–1000

II. The Shaping of Early Islamic Faith and Culture

III. The Fatimid Empire, 909–1171

IV. Turkic Peoples and the Islamic Near East, 1000–1200

V. Al-Andalus: Islamic Spain, 700–1100

VI. Resisting the Latin Crusades

VII.The Islamic World, 1100–1300: Unity and Diversity


I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

  • I. The Early Abbasid Caliphate, 750–1000

  • Abd al-Malik

  • A. The Rise of the Abbasids

  • KhurusanMarw

  • anti-Umayyad uprising

  • Abu al-Abbas (r. 749–1754)

  • “al-Saffah”

  • Abu Ja’far al-Mansur (r. 754–775)

  • Baghdad

The Abbasid Caliphate during the Reign of Harun al-Rashid


I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

  • I. The Early Abbasid Caliphate, 750–1000

  • B. Early Challenges and the Consolidation of Power

  • Muhammad al-Nas al-Zakiya

  • Revolt

  • Al-Mahdi (r. 775–785)

  • Harun al-Rashid (r. 786–809)

  • C. Conflict over Succession

  • Muhammad al-Amin (r. 809–813) v.

  • Abdallah al-Ma’mun (r. 813–833)

  • Al-Ma’mun

  • Turkic slave forces

  • Al-Mu’tasim (r. 833–842)

  • Capital to Samarra, 836

  • Al-Mutawakkil (r. 847–861)

The Abbasid Caliphate during the Reign of Harun al-Rashid


I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

  • I. The Early Abbasid Caliphate, 750–1000

  • D. Abbasid Decline and the Rise of Regional Dynasties

  • Capital to Baghdad

  • Al-Muqtadir (r. 909–932)

  • Hamdanids

  • Buwayhids

  • Power of Abbasid caliphs declines

  • E. The State and the Military: The Instruments of Abbasid Power

  • Arabic

  • Coinage

  • Mosques

  • Vizir

  • Barmakids (786–803)

  • F. The Urbanization of Arab-Islamic Culture

  • Amsar

  • Basra, al-Fustat

  • “Palace cities”

  • Aghmad ibn Tulun

  • Al-Qata’i near al-Fustat

  • Cairo, Fatimid palace city

  • Absorbs both

The Abbasid Caliphate during the Reign of Harun al-Rashid


I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

  • C. Sunni Islam

  • Ahl al-Sunna wa’l-jama’a

  • Exegesis

  • Hadith

  • Igma

  • D. Piety and Humility: The Roots of Sufism

  • Al-Ghazali (d. 1111)

  • II. The Shaping of Early Islamic Faith and Culture

  • A. Religion and Law

  • Five Pillars

  • Shahada

  • Salat

  • Zakat

  • Sawm

  • Hajj

  • Ulama

  • B. The Rise of Shi’ism

  • Ali ibn Abi Talib, wife Fatima

  • Imam

  • Al-Husayn

  • Martyrdom

  • Muhammad al-Baqir (d. 731)

  • Son Ja’far al-Sadiq (d. 765)

  • Isma’ili Shi’ites

  • Isma’il, son of al-Sadiq

  • Twelver Shi’ites

  • Descent via 12

  • Hasn al-Askari, (d. 874)

  • Eleventh

  • Al-Mahdi


I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

  • II. The Shaping of Early Islamic Faith and Culture

  • E. Cultural Florescence and Synthesis

  • Ibn al-Muqaffa (d. 757)

  • Abu Tammam (d. 845)

  • Al-Jahiz (d. 869)

  • Al-Kindi (d. 865)

  • Abu Bakr al-Razi (d. 925)

  • Al-Tabari

  • Bashshar ibn Burd (d. 783)

  • Abu Nuwas (d. 815)

  • Abu al-Atahiya (d. 826)

  • Mathematics

  • Hindu numerals

  • Muhammad ibn Mus al-Khwarizmi (d. c. 850)

  • (Algebra, algorithm)

  • Medicine

  • Ibn Sina (d. 1037)

  • F. Islamic Society

  • Slavery


I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

  • III. The Fatimid Empire, 909–1171AghlabidsDa’wa

  • Isma’ili teachings

  • Kutama

  • Berbers

  • > Fatimids

  • Al-Mahdi bi-llah (r. 909–934)

  • Morocco, Sicily

  • Egypt

  • Al-Mu’ezz (r. 953–975)

  • Jawhar al-Siqilli takes al-Fustat, 969

  • Al-Qahira (Cairo)

  • Cairo

  • Administrative center

  • Al-Aziz (r. 975–996)

  • Al-Mustansir (r. 1035–1094)

  • Internecine fighting

  • Seljuq conquest

The Fatimid Empire


I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

  • IV. Turkic Peoples and the Islamic Near East,

  • 1000–1200

  • Asian steppes

  • Horsemen

  • Diverse religions

  • Al-Ma’mun

  • Turkic slave corps

  • Seljuqs

  • Take Khurusan, 1040

  • Baghdad

  • Manzikert, 1071

  • Byzantine defeat

  • Toghril Beg (r. 1037–1063)

  • Alp Arslan (r. 1063–1072)

  • Malik Shah (r. 1072–1092)

  • Vizir, Nizam al-Mulk (d. 1092)

  • The Book of Government


I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

  • V. Al-Andalus: Islamic Spain, 700–1100

  • 710, beginning of Muslim Arab conquest

  • Tariq ibn Ziyad

  • 711, Berber forces arrive

  • 732, height of incursion into Europe

  • A. The Umayyads

  • Abd al-Rahman (r. 756–788)

  • Flees Abbasid revolution

  • To Cordoba, 756

  • Ibn Abd Rabbih (d. 940)

  • Ibn Hazm (d. 1064)

  • Abd al-Rahman III (al-Nasir)

  • Madinat al-Zahra

  • “Caliph”

  • 1009, Berbers attack

  • Former mercenaries

  • Fitna

  • B. The Ta’ifa Principalities and the Almoravids

  • Muluk al-Tawa’if

  • Ummayad caliphate dissolved, 1031

  • Ended by Almoravids


I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

  • V. Al-Andalus: Islamic Spain, 700–1100

  • C. The Almohads and the Reconquista

  • Muhammad ibn Tumart (d. 1130)

  • Muwahhidun

  • Take Seville, Cordoba

  • Ibn Tufayl (d. c. 1185)

  • Ibn Rushd (d. 1198)

  • 1212, Las Navas de Tolosa

  • End of Almohads


I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

  • VI. Resisting the Latin Crusades

  • A. Sicily

  • Viking kingdom

  • Ibn al-Thumna

  • Roger d’Hauteville (d. 1101)

  • Robert Guiscard (d. 1085)

  • Norman rule

  • Tolerant initially

  • Al-Idrisi (d. 1165)

  • B. The Eastern Mediterranean

  • Seven Crusades, 1095–1291

  • First, takes Jerusalem, 1099

  • Crusader kingdoms

  • Reaction

  • Atabeg Zangi, son Nur al-Din

  • Military commander, Salah al-Din

  • Salah al-din takes Egypt (r. 1171–1193)

  • Ayyubids

  • Victory against crusaders, 1187

  • Retakes Jerusalem

The Latin Kingdoms of the Near East


I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

  • VII.The Islamic World, 1100–1300: Unity and Diversity


I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

  • VII.The Islamic World, 1100–1300: Unity and Diversity

  • A. Mamluks and Madrasas

  • Mamluks

  • 1250, overthrow Ayyubids

  • Iqta’

  • Sunnism

  • Khanaqas

  • Women’s role

  • Ulama

  • B. The “Schools” of Law and the Sufi Orders

  • Madhhah

  • Hanafi

  • Hanbali

  • Maliki

  • Shafi’i

  • Sufi brotherhoods


I the early abbasid caliphate 750 1000 ii the shaping of early islamic faith and culture

  • VII.The Islamic World, 1100–1300: Unity and Diversity

  • C. The Mongols

  • Chinggis Khan, from 1220s

  • Against Kwharazm-Shahs

  • Hülegü (r. 1256–1265)

  • 1258, takes Baghdad

  • Il-khans

  • Ghazan I (r. 1295–1304)

  • 1335, collapse

  • Timur “the lame”


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