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Jewish Beliefs. Religion is the foundation of Jewish society. Monotheism, belief in only one God , many believe started with Judaism. Belief that God guided their history. 1. Jewish Beliefs. Central to Jewish religion are ideas of: 1. Justice : kindness

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jewish beliefs
Jewish Beliefs
  • Religion is the foundation of Jewish society.
  • Monotheism, belief in only one God, many believe started with Judaism.
  • Belief that God guided their history.

1

jewish beliefs1
Jewish Beliefs
  • Central to Jewish religion are ideas of:

1. Justice: kindness

and fairness

2. Righteousness:

doing what is proper

behavior.

jewish beliefs2
Jewish Beliefs

2

  • Obedience to religious law is essential.
  • Most important law is the Ten Commandments.
  • Worship place is called a synagogue.

3

jewish texts
Jewish Texts
  • Beliefs of Judaism are described in sacred texts.
  • Torah, Hebrew Bible, and the Ten Commandments.
  • Torah is the most sacred holy book.
  • Laws and history are found in the Torah.
  • It is believed that the Torah was revealed to Moses by God.

4

jewish texts1
Jewish Texts
  • Rabbis, religious leaders, and scholars have studied the Torah and Jewish laws.
  • Explanations of rabbis’ and leaders’ opinions are found in Talmud.

5

traditions and holy days
Traditions and Holy Days
  • Holidays help Jews connect with their past.
  • Hanukkah, celebrated in December, honors anhistoric event in Jewish history.
  • Light candles in a menorah.
  • Eight branches represent the days that the oil burned when they were allowed to keep their religion.

6

traditions and holy days1
Traditions and Holy Days
  • More important than Hanukkah, Passover celebrates the Exodus out of slavery in Egypt.
  • Celebrated in March or April.
  • Matzo, a flat, unrisen bread is eaten during this holiday.

7

traditions and holy days2
Traditions and Holy Days
  • Two most sacred Jewish holidays are called the High Holy Days.
  • Occur in September or October.
  • Rosh Hashanah celebrates the start of the Jewish calendar.

8

traditions and holy days3
Traditions and Holy Days
  • Yom Kippur falls soon after Rosh Hashanah.
  • Jews ask for forgiveness for sins.
  • Jews do not eat or drink anything all day.
  • Perform ancient ceremonies to feel connected to their past.

9

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