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Jewish Beliefs. Religion is the foundation of Jewish society. Monotheism, belief in only one God , many believe started with Judaism. Belief that God guided their history. 1. Jewish Beliefs. Central to Jewish religion are ideas of: 1. Justice : kindness

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Jewish beliefs
Jewish Beliefs

  • Religion is the foundation of Jewish society.

  • Monotheism, belief in only one God, many believe started with Judaism.

  • Belief that God guided their history.

1


Jewish beliefs1
Jewish Beliefs

  • Central to Jewish religion are ideas of:

    1. Justice: kindness

    and fairness

    2. Righteousness:

    doing what is proper

    behavior.


Jewish beliefs2
Jewish Beliefs

2

  • Obedience to religious law is essential.

  • Most important law is the Ten Commandments.

  • Worship place is called a synagogue.

3


Jewish texts
Jewish Texts

  • Beliefs of Judaism are described in sacred texts.

  • Torah, Hebrew Bible, and the Ten Commandments.

  • Torah is the most sacred holy book.

  • Laws and history are found in the Torah.

  • It is believed that the Torah was revealed to Moses by God.

4


Jewish texts1
Jewish Texts

  • Rabbis, religious leaders, and scholars have studied the Torah and Jewish laws.

  • Explanations of rabbis’ and leaders’ opinions are found in Talmud.

5


Traditions and holy days
Traditions and Holy Days

  • Holidays help Jews connect with their past.

  • Hanukkah, celebrated in December, honors anhistoric event in Jewish history.

  • Light candles in a menorah.

  • Eight branches represent the days that the oil burned when they were allowed to keep their religion.

6


Traditions and holy days1
Traditions and Holy Days

  • More important than Hanukkah, Passover celebrates the Exodus out of slavery in Egypt.

  • Celebrated in March or April.

  • Matzo, a flat, unrisen bread is eaten during this holiday.

7


Traditions and holy days2
Traditions and Holy Days

  • Two most sacred Jewish holidays are called the High Holy Days.

  • Occur in September or October.

  • Rosh Hashanah celebrates the start of the Jewish calendar.

8


Traditions and holy days3
Traditions and Holy Days

  • Yom Kippur falls soon after Rosh Hashanah.

  • Jews ask for forgiveness for sins.

  • Jews do not eat or drink anything all day.

  • Perform ancient ceremonies to feel connected to their past.

9


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