Hindu beliefs
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Hindu beliefs. Hinduism is best seen as a tradition- today a Hindu can be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, agnostic or atheistic and still claim to be a Hindu.

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Hindu beliefs
Hindu beliefs

  • Hinduism is best seen as a tradition- today a Hindu can be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, agnostic or atheistic and still claim to be a Hindu.

  • However, there are certain central concepts-reincarnation, merging with “Brahman" ultimate reality) and Moksha (the escape from the cycle of reincarnation.

Non dualism

  • Brahman is One & Eternal= no before or after, for everything is everywhere always.

  • Brahman is intrinsically dynamic= unformed, immortal, moving.

  • All things are mutually related –all of part of basic oneness.

Devas aspects
Devas= Aspects

  • Shiva, the Cosmic Dancer, is the most perfect personification-through dance everything is sustained.

That art thou
“That art thou”

  • Human nature is not just space/time body (samara) nor individual consciousness of mind (jiva)- in each of us is an immortal element, our true self, the Atman.

  • Brahman and Atman are the same-”Into Him I shall enter.”

Maya and avidya
Maya and Avidya

  • Maya is the human tendency to regard appearance as reality; that multiplicity is real; that Samsara is real.

  • Avidya= ignorance of the true nature of reality.

  • Nirvana (Moska)= experiential realization of oneness.

Cycle life and rebirth
Cycle-Life and Rebirth

  • Samsara= world of relentless mutability= is illusion.

  • Reincarnation=all living things are besouled, become incarnate in different bodies; depends on kind of life lived previously = Karma.

Existence of samsara
Existence of Samsara

  • Why does samsara exist? –Upanishads=“lila” or “sport”- an expression of Brahman’s constitutive delight (“anada).

  • Will need to solve the problem of one and many and the relationship of Brahman to the world of multiplicity.

Problem of karma
Problem of Karma

  • Is Karma false to the facts?-”the wicked often prosper at the expense of the good.”

  • Yet- reincarnation- we will inevitably reap what we sow.

  • Is this satisfactory?

Sankara 788 820a d
Sankara (788-820A.D.)

  • Advaita (nondualistic) relation of Brahman and a self.

  • What is an individual self is in fact not essentially different from the one Self (Atman)-as space in individual jug not different from space as a whole.

Sankara 788 820a d1
Sankara (788-820A.D.)

  • Comprehend the world at two levels or from two points of view: lower knowledge and higher knowledge.

  • Sublatable things- (1)object of awareness of some subject; (2) distinguishability; (3) subject to time and change.