Introduction to video communications
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Introduction to Video Communications. Types of Camera Shots. 1. EXTREME WIDE SHOT ( EWS ). Shows the subject’s surroundings Also called establishing shot – the first shot of a new scene to show the audience where the action is taking place. Types of Camera Shots.

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Introduction to Video Communications

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Introduction to video communications

Introduction to Video Communications


Types of camera shots

Types of Camera Shots

1. EXTREME WIDE SHOT( EWS )

  • Shows the subject’s surroundings

  • Also called establishing shot – the first shot of a new scene to show the audience where the action is taking place.


Types of camera shots1

Types of Camera Shots

2. VERY WIDE SHOT( vws )

  • The subject is barely visible but emphasis on the subject’s environment.

  • Plenty of room for action, or for multiple subjects to appear.

  • Subject takes up ¼ - ½ of the frame


Types of camera shots2

Types of Camera Shots

3. WIDE SHOT( WS )

  • The subject takes up the majority of the frame

  • Lots of room for movement of subject.


Types of camera shots3

Types of Camera Shots

4. MID SHOT( MS )

  • Shows mid body to above head

  • Often used in news broadcasts.


Types of camera shots4

Types of Camera Shots

5. MEDIUM CLOSE-UP( MCU )

  • Approx. from above head to upper chest

  • Shows expressions, some background


Types of camera shots5

Types of Camera Shots

6. CLOSE-UP ( CU )

  • Part of the subject takes up most of the frame

  • Close up of a person emphasizes emotions and expressions.


Types of camera shots6

Types of Camera Shots

7. EXTREME CLOSE-UP( ECU )

  • Used for isolating detail in a scene

  • Hard to capture reactions or emotions from this close


Types of camera shots7

Types of Camera Shots

8. OVER THE SHOULDER SHOT( OSS )

  • Looking at the subject from behind a person


Types of camera shots8

Types of Camera Shots

9. TWO SHOT

  • Two people comfortably fit in the frame

  • Establishes relationship between subjects

  • Used for interview or discussion


Types of camera shots9

Types of Camera Shots

10. POINT-OF-VIEW SHOT ( POV )

  • Shows a view from the subject’s perspective

  • Make it obvious whose POV it is.


Basic camera handling

Basic Camera Handling

Here are a few camera techniques you should know:

  • PANNING

  • Camera swivels fromside to side.

  • This move is similar to standing in one place and turning your head.


Basic camera handling1

Basic Camera Handling

  • TRUCKING

  • Camera sits on a tripod and rolls from side to side.

  • Good movement to use when following alongsidesomeone walking or running.


Basic camera handling2

Basic Camera Handling

  • DOLLYING

  • Camerarolls towards or awayfrom subject (on tripod).

Gives the viewer the impression they are walking nearer or farther from subject.


Basic camera handling3

Basic Camera Handling

  • ZOOMING

  • When zooming, the cameradoes not move.

  • The camera’s lens setting changes to make an object appear closer or farther away from the camera.

  • Use with care – avoid zooming in and out too quickly.


Video tips tripod

Video Tips: Tripod

  • Always maintain a steadycamera by using a tripod.

  • You can also steadyyour camera using your hands and arms.

  • Use a piece of furnitureor a wall to stay steady


Video tips angles heights

Video Tips: Angles/Heights

  • Don’t film everythingat eye-level.

  • Too many shots at the same height are boring.

  • Try different angles and heights to create visual interest& show subjects in ways your audience isn’t used to.


Video tips angles heights1

Video Tips: Angles/Heights

  • To make your subject appear small, weak, insignificant, try a downward angle

  • To make your subject appear large, powerful, mighty, try an upward angle


Video tips natural framing

Video Tips: Natural Framing

  • Use elements of your surroundings to frame shots(trees, windows, buildings, etc.).

  • Natural framing makes the audience feel like they are part of the scene.


Video tips rule of thirds

Video Tips: Rule of Thirds

  • Divide your frame into thirds, vertically and horizontally.

  • When filming, try to place subjects at specific points in the frame.

  • Creates powerful visual interest.


Video tips rule of thirds1

Video Tips: Rule of Thirds

  • Objects placed at the dead centre of the screen tend to look boring.


Video tips

Video Tips:

  • Move subjects a little off-centre and things start to look good!


Video tips1

Video Tips:

Centering a subject can work well when the subject ispowerful or unusual.

  • Sometimes the rule can be broken . . .


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