The prophetic canon
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The Prophetic Canon. Kings and Prophets In Israel and Judah. BIBLE BASICS. History of the Kingdoms: Judah and Israel Kings and Prophets The Deuteronomistic History: “Earlier Prophets” The “Writing Prophets”. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History. Joshua Conquest of the Land

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The Prophetic Canon

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The prophetic canon

The Prophetic Canon

Kings and Prophets

In Israel and Judah


Bible basics

BIBLE BASICS

History of the Kingdoms: Judah and Israel

Kings and Prophets

The Deuteronomistic History: “Earlier Prophets”

The “Writing Prophets”


Themes in the deuteronomistic history

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

Joshua

  • Conquest of the Land

  • Liturgical Renewal of the Covenant

  • Relations among the Tribes of Israel

  • Decision for Yahweh

  • Leadership in Israel


The prophetic canon

Asher

Naphtali

Zebulon

Issachar

Manasseh

Ephraim

Gad

Dan

Benjamin

Reuben

Judah

Simeon


The prophetic canon

Joshua 6

http://www.usccb.org/nab/bible/joshua/joshua6.htm


The prophetic canon

Joshua fit de Battle

Joshua fit de battle of Jericho, Jericho, Jericho    Joshua fit de battle of Jericho,    And the walls came a tumblin' down You may talk about the man of Gideon,You may talk about the man of Saul,There's none like good ole Joshua, and the battle of Jericho.

Up to the walls of JerichoHe marched with spear in hand;"Go blow them ram horns," Joshua cried, "for the battle is in my hand."

http://gbgm-umc.org/umw/joshua/joshua8.stm


Themes in the deuteronomistic history1

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

Judges

  • Conquest of the Land

  • Relations among the Tribes of Israel

  • Relations with other peoples

  • The Rule of Law

  • Charismatic Leadership

  • Hero Tales

  • Justice


Themes in the deuteronomistic history2

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

I and II Samuel

  • The Rise of the Kingship

  • Prophecy

  • Eli

  • Samuel and his sons

  • Saul

  • David and Jonathan


Themes in the deuteronomistic history3

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

I and II Kings

  • David’s Kingship

  • The Davidic Line

  • Sin and Grace

  • Prophecy

  • Solomon’s Wisdom

  • The Temple


Themes in the deuteronomistic history4

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

I and II Kings

  • Israel and Judah

  • Kingship

  • Relations among the Tribes of Israel

  • Relations with other nations

  • War as Scourge of God


Themes in the deuteronomistic history5

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

The Book of Joshua may be divided as follows:

  • I: Conquest of Canaan (Jos 1:1-12:24)

  • II: Division of the Land (Jos 13:1-21:45)

  • III: Return of the Transjordan Tribes and Joshua's Farewell (Jos 22:1-24:33)


Themes in the deuteronomistic history6

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

The Book of Judges is divided as follows:

  • I: Palestine after the Death of Joshua (Jdg 1:1-3:6)

  • II: Stories of the Judges (Jdg 3:7-16:31)

  • III: The Tribes of Dan and Benjamin in the Days of the Judges (Jdg 17:1-21:25)


Themes in the deuteronomistic history7

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

Plan of the Book of Judges -- New Jerusalem Bible

  • I First Introduction 1:1-2:5

  • SUMMARY OF THE SETTLEMENT IN CANAAN

  • The settlement of Judah, Simeon,

  • Caleb and the Kenites

  • The capture of Bethel

  • The northern tribes

  • The Angel of Yahweh tells Israel of disasters to come


Themes in the deuteronomistic history8

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

II Second Introduction 2:6-3:6

  • GENERAL REFLECTIONS ON THE PERIOD OF THE JUDGES

  • Religious interpretation of the period of the Judges

  • Why foreign nations survived in Canaan


Themes in the deuteronomistic history9

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

III History of the Judges 3:7-16:31

  • A: OTHNIEL

  • B: EHUD

  • C: SHAMGAR

  • D: DEBORAH AND BARAK

  • E: GIDEON AND ABIMELECH


Themes in the deuteronomistic history10

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

III History of the Judges 3:7-16:31

JEPHTHAH AND THE `MINOR' JUDGES

  • F: TOLA

  • G: JAIR

  • H: JEPHTHAH

  • I: IBZAN

  • J: ELON

  • K: ABDON


Themes in the deuteronomistic history11

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

L: SAMSON

  • Samson's birth foretold

  • The Angel appears a second time

  • Samson marries

  • Samson's riddle

  • Samson burns the Philistines' harvest

  • The donkey's jawbone

  • The gates of Gaza

  • Samson is betrayed by Delilah

  • Samson's revenge and death


Themes in the deuteronomistic history12

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

IV Appendices 17-21

  • A: THE SANCTUARY OF MICAH AND THE SANCTUARY OF DAN

  • B: THE CRIME AT GIBEAH AND THE WAR AGAINST BENJAMIN

  • Judges 21:25 In those days there was no king in Israel, and everyone did as he saw fit.


Themes in the deuteronomistic history13

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

First Samuel: Plan of the Book -- New Jerusalem Bible

I Samuel 1-7

  • A The Childhood of Samuel 1:1-4:1

  • B The Ark in Philistine Hands 4:1-7:17

    II Samuel and Saul 8-15

  • A The Institution of the Monarchy 8-12

  • B The Beginning of Saul's Reign 13-15


Themes in the deuteronomistic history14

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

III Saul and David 16-31

  • A David at Court 16:1-19:7

  • B The Flight of David 19:8-21:16

  • C David the Outlaw 22-26

  • D David among the Philistines 27-31


Themes in the deuteronomistic history15

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

Second Samuel: Plan of the Book -- New Jerusalem Bible

I David 2-20

  • A David King of Judah 2-4

  • B David King of Judah and of Israel 5-8

  • C David's Family and the Intrigues over the Succession 9-20 (+1 K 1-2)

    II Supplements 21-24


Themes in the deuteronomistic history16

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

PLAN OF THE BOOKS OF KINGS

I The Davidic Succession 1 Kings 1-2

II Solomon in all his Glory 1 Kings 3-11

III The Political and Religious Schism 1 Kings 12-13

IV The Two Kingdoms until Elijah 1 Kings 14-16

V The Elijah Cycle 1 Kings 17-2 Kings 1

VI The Elisha Cycle 2 Kings 2-13

VII The two Kingdoms until the Fall of Samaria 2 Kgs 14-17

VIII The Last Years of the Kingdom of Judah 2 Kings 18-25


Themes in the deuteronomistic history17

Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

The Principal Texts on the Monarchy

  • 1. I Sam. 7:2ff - implicit that Israel shouldn’t need monarchy

  • 2. I Sam. 8 - Theological criticism: rejection of YHWH as king

  • 3. I Sam. 9:1-10:16 - Positive

  • 4. I Sam. 10:17-27 - less negative

  • 5. I Sam. 11 - charismatic rule; positive

  • 6. I Sam. 12 - discourse of Samuel


The united monarchy

The United Monarchy

Kings of the United Kingdom (c 1025-925 BC)

KingRelationship to Previous KingGod's Judgment

Saul nonedid evil

Ishbosheth* son(unknown)

David nonedid right

Solomon (AKA Jedidiah) son did right in youth,

evil in old age

* The kingdom was divided during Ishbosheth's reign;

David was king over the tribe of Judah.


The divided kingdom

The Divided Kingdom

Kings of Judah (c 925-586 BC) Kings of Israel (c 925-721 BC)

King /Relationship to Previous King /God's Judgment

Rehoboam son did evil Jeroboam servant did evil

Abijam (AKA Abijah) son did evil

Asa son did rightNadab son did evil Baasha none did evil

Elah son did evil Zimri captain did evil

Omri captain did evil Ahab son did evil

Jehoshaphat son did right Ahaziah son did evil

Jehoram (AKA Joram) son of Ahab did evil


The divided kingdom1

The Divided Kingdom

Kings of Judah (c 925-586 BC) Kings of Israel (c 925-721 BC)

King /Relationship to Previous King /God's Judgment

Jehoram (AKA Joram) son of Ahab did evil

Jehoram (AKA Joram) son did evil

Ahaziah (AKA Azariah or Jehoahaz) son did evil

Athaliah mother did evil Jehu captain mixed

Joash (AKA Jehoash) son of Ahaziah

did right in youth,

evil in old age

Jehoahaz son did evil

Joash (AKA Jehoash) son did evil

Amaziah son did right in youth,

evil in old age


The divided kingdom2

The Divided Kingdom

Kings of Judah (c 925-586 BC) Kings of Israel (c 925-721 BC)

King /Relationship to Previous King /God's Judgment

Jeroboam II son did evil

Uzziah (AKA Azariah) son did right Zachariah son did evil

Shallum none did evil (surmised)

Menahem none did evil

Pekahiah son did evil

Pekah captain did evil

Jotham son did right

Ahaz son did evil

Hoshea none did evil

Hezekiah son did right Assyrian captivity - 721 BC


The divided kingdom3

The Divided Kingdom

Kings of Judah (c 925-586 BC) Continued

King /Relationship to Previous King /God's Judgment

Manasseh son did evil

Amon son did evil

Josiah son did right

Jehoahaz (AKA Shallum) son did evil

Jehoiakim (AKA Eliakim) son of Josiah did evil

Jehoiachin (AKA Coniah or Jeconiah) son did evil

Zedekiah (AKA Mattaniah) son of Josiah did evil

Babylonian captivity -- 586 BC


The earlier prophets

The Earlier Prophets

Approximate Date (BCE)ProphetBiblical SourceProbable locations

1200JoshuaBook of JoshuaIsrael.

1050Samuel Book of Samuel

850Elijah I Kings 17-21, II Kings 11 - 211

NB. Like Enoch (Gen 521-24) Elijah did not die an ordinary death (2Kings211) This sets a precedent both for the belief in an afterlife and in Elijah's return.

850MicaiahI Kings 228-29Israel.

825ElishaII Kings 2 - 10Israel.


The writing prophets

The Writing Prophets

Approximate Date (BCE)ProphetBiblical SourceProbable locations

750Amos Book of AmosIsrael.

740-730Hosea Book of HoseaIsrael.

  • The Assyrians destroy the northern kingdom of Israel in 722/721.

    742-695Isaiah (1) Book of Isaiah (1-39) Jerusalem (Judah).

    730-701Micah Book of MicahJudah.


The writing prophets1

The Writing Prophets

Approximate Date (BCE)ProphetBiblical SourceProbable locations

630-622Zephaniah Book of Zephaniah Judah.

627-580Jeremiah Book of Jeremiah Judah.

After 612Nahum Book of NahumLocation uncertain

605-600Habakkuk Book of Habakkuk Judah.

593-570Ezekiel Book of Ezekiel Babylon

  • The Babylonians destroy Jerusalem and Exile Judah in 587/586.


The writing prophets2

The Writing Prophets

Approximate Date (BCE)ProphetBiblical SourceProbable locations

After 587Obadiah Book of ObadiahJudah.

540Isaiah (2) Book of Isaiah (40-55)Babylon

520Haggai Book of HaggaiJerusalem.

520-515Zechariah Book of ZechariahJerusalem.

515?Isaiah(3?) Book of Isaiah (56-66)Jerusalem.


The writing prophets3

The Writing Prophets

Approximate Date (BCE)ProphetBiblical SourceProbable locations

Before 458MalachiBook of MalachiJerusalem.

400-350JoelBook of JoelJerusalem.

UncertainJonahBook of JonahNineveh


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