PEDIATRIC ( PEDS) Emergencies involving pediatric patients account for 10 % to 20 % of all EMS responses. Here are the Pediatrics age classifications.
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Neonate: Birth to 1 monthYoung infant: 1 to 5 monthsInfant: 6 to 12 monthsToddler: 1 to 3 yearsPreschool: 3 to 5 yearsSchool age: 6 to 12 yearsAdolescent: 12 to 15 years
1 to 5 month (young infant)* Respiratory distress* Fever*Sudden infant death syndrome ( SIDS )* Vomiting and diarrhea with dehydration
*Respiratory distress ( bronchiolitis, foreign body aspiration, croup)* Child abuse*Ingestion\'s* Falls*Injuries from MVA’s
3 to 5 years (preschool) *Fever, febrile seizure*Vomiting and diarrhea with dehydration*Respiratory distress*Meningitis*Child abuse
6 to 12 years ( school age)*Drowning* Injuries from MVA’s* Injuries from bicycle- vehicle crashes*Fractures*Sports injuries* Child abuse* Burns
12 to 15 years (adolescent)*Asthma* Injuries from MVA’s* Sports injuries* Drug or alcohol*Suicide gestures* Sexual abuse* Pregnancy
Be sure if they are crying to check to see if they have tears coming from there eyes, also see or check if they have been producing urine and how much
If the child is having respiratory distress it should be allowed to remain in the position he/she finds most comfortable in order to maintain patency of the partially obstructed airway.
If the chest rises and air goes in check pulse. If air does not go in reposition the head and give 2 more breaths if it does not go in check for possible airway obstruction
For patients less than 1 year of age. Go down 1/3 the sternum and compress the chest 1/2 to 1 inch at a rate of 100 time per min. With the hand farthest away from the head and the index finger.
With a child 1 to 8 years of age use the palm of the hand farthest away from the head. Compress the chest 1 to 1 1/2 inch at a rate of 100 per min.
Turn the infant over while supporting the head and deliver 5 chest thrust with 1 finger. Then check for a foreign body with a tongue-jaw lift