PRODUCTION OF FOODGRAINS IN PUNJAB
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PRODUCTION OF FOODGRAINS IN PUNJAB. (2012-13). DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GOVERNMENT OF PUNJAB. ABOUT PUNJAB:. Area (geographical) : 5.04 m ha Districts: 22 Net sown area: 4.2 m ha Irrigated area: 4.07 m ha(98%) by Canals : 1.11 m ha (27%) by Tubewells : 2.96 m ha (73%)

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PRODUCTION OF FOODGRAINS IN PUNJAB

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PRODUCTION OF FOODGRAINS IN PUNJAB

(2012-13)

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

GOVERNMENT OF PUNJAB


ABOUT PUNJAB:

Area (geographical) : 5.04 m ha

Districts: 22

Net sown area: 4.2 m ha

Irrigated area: 4.07 m ha(98%)

by Canals : 1.11 m ha (27%)

by Tubewells : 2.96 m ha (73%)

Total cropped area: 7.9 m ha

Cropping intensity: 204%

Cropping Systems :

Rice-Wheat;

Cotton-Wheat; and

Maize-Wheat


FOUR DECADES OF FOODGRAIN PRODUCTION


PRODUCTION OF FOOD GRAINS : 2012-13

  • In 2012-13:

  • Highest Productivity of Wheat and paddy in the Country

  • Highest Productivity of Total Foodgrains in the Country

  • Largest Contribution of Foodgrains to Central Pool: Wheat - 29%

  • Rice – 26%


STRATEGY AND MEASURES TAKEN

  • Bridging the regional gaps in productivity through:

  • Replacement of PBW-343 variety of wheat: more area under DBW-17, PBW-550, PBW-621 and HD-2967

  • Improvement in SRR (43%) and 100% Treatment of certified and TL Seed

  • Campaign for control of termite : Chlorpyriphos on 50% subsidy

  • Timely sowing

  • Propagation of Resource Conservation Technologies for NRM (7.2 lac ha)

  • Pre-positioning of fungicide to control yellow rust

  • Area Expansion under Summer Moong

  • Better coordination with DAC, PAU and other institutions.

  • Efficient Management:

    • Capacity building of field functionaries and farmers

    • Ensuring timely and adequate availability of inputs.

    • Promotion of INM and IPM

    • Farmer to Farmer technology dissemination


  • New Initiatives :

    • Conservation of Natural Resources:

    • Improvement in Crop Productivity:

    On the basis of encouraging results, these are being continuously up-scaled


    Major Initiatives …..

    PROMOTION OF LASER LAND LEVELING FOR CONSERVATION OF IRRIGATION WATER

    • Larger plot size and better water use efficiency

    • Better crop stand and lesser weeds

    • Better nutrient use efficiency

    • Uniform water application

    • The area under precision land leveling is increasing and during 2012-13 about 12.61 lac hectares have been covered.


    Major Initiatives …..

    Efficient Irrigation Water Management

    • Enactment of “Punjab Preservation of Sub-soil Water Act, 2009

      • To ensure timely transplanting of paddy

  • Promotion of conjunctive use of water

    • Community Underground Pipelines Systems

  • Promotion of Sprinkler and Drip irrigation


  • Major Initiatives …..

    MANAGEMENT OF SOIL FERTILITY

    • In-situ Crop Residue Management through zero/minimum tillage

    • Strengthening of Soil Testing Laboratories-18

    • Issue of Soil Health Cards - 304515

    • Promotion of Green Manuring and Summer Moong (83590 ha)

    Use of Happy Seeder to plant in crop residues

    Green manuring


    Major Initiatives …..

    EXPANSION OF AREA UNDER SUMMER MOONG

    • Additional Crop

    • Additional Income

    • Improves Soil Fertility

    Area under Summer-Moong (ha)

    77090

    40830

    23240


    Major Initiatives …..

    PROMOTION OF RESOURCE CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGIES

    Area under Minimum Tillage -2012-13: 6.85 lac ha.

    Tehsil wise area (ha)

    • Minimum tillage

    • Leaf colour chart

    • Tensiometer

    • Happy Seeder

    • Laser Land Leveler


    Major Initiatives …..

    IMPROVED SEED REPLACEMENT AND ITS TREATMENT

    • Emphasis on Seed replacement once in three years

    • Campaign for Seed Treatment during the sowing season.

    • 50% wheat seed treated – Emphasis on farm saved seed treatment

    • 15360 Seed Dressing Drums distributed – at least one for each Panchayat

    • Fungicide for 2.0 Lac quintals of seed was provided.

    SEED TREATMENT


    Major Initiatives …..

    DEMONSTRATION OF CROP PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

    • Seeding Technology

      • Zero-tillage

      • Raised Bed Planting

      • Paired rows

      • Bi-directional sowing

      • Relay cropping in cotton

      • Intercropping in Sugarcane

  • Residue Management

    • Retention of Residues: use of Happy Seeder

    • Incorporation of Residues: use of Rotavator

    • Collection of Residues: use of Baler and zero-till-drill

  • Spraying Technology

    • Use of Proper nozzles for herbicides and pesticides

    • Use of Ceramic nozzles

    • Demonstrations organized

      • 9056 of one acre each under ATMA

      • 230 clusters of 100 ha each under NFSM


    Major Initiatives …..

    RELAY PLANTING OF WHEAT IN COTTON

    • The wheat yield is reduced due to delay in planting after cotton.

    • Planting of wheat in Standing cotton can advance the sowing by 20-40 days.

    • 20 trails were organized in 2012-13 wherein the average yield advantage was observed as 2-3 quintals / acre.

    • The farmers are reluctant due to problem of sowing in standing cotton sticks but are impressed by the yield advantage .

    • 50 demonstrations have been planned during the current wheat season.


    Major Initiatives …..

    SURVEILLANCE AND MONITORING FOR YELLOW RUST

    • Yellow rust reduced the productivity of wheat during 2008-09

    • Better monitoring led to early detection of incidence

    • Timely supply of fungicide to Control of yellow rust at 50% cost

    • Surveillance also helped in checking the micro-nutrient deficiencies. Zinc Sulphate and Manganese Sulphate distributed on 50% subsidy

    • Effective control contributed to better productivity.

      (4724 kg/ha. : 2nd highest in last five years)


    Major Initiatives …..

    AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE CENTRES : Started in 2008-09

    • Propagation of New Technologies

    • Reduced investment due to availability on custom hiring basis

    • Generation of employment in rural areas

    • 1363 AMSC SET-UP TO-DATE

      • - 1121 PACS

      • - 242 Private

    • Each AMSC equipped with:

    • Laser Land Leveler;

    • Happy Seeder;

    • Rotavator;

    • Raised Bed Planter;

    • Zero-till-drill; and

    • Other implements

    FARM MECHANIZATION


    Major Initiatives …..

    Agriculture Resource Centre at AbulKhurana

    • Soil and Water Testing Lab M/s. IMT Technologies, Pune

    • Agriculture Machinery Service Centre M/s. Zimindara Farm Solutions, Fazilka

    • Diagnostic Lab for Fisheries, Department of Fisheries

    • Training Centre – Agriculture and allied departments

    PPP IN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION

    Class Room

    Hands on Training in:

    • Dairy and milk processing

    • Operation and maintenance of agricultural machinery

    • Fish production

    • Bee-keeping

    • Crop production technology

    Soil Testing Lab

    Milk Processing Unit

    Fish Pond

    Farm Machinery Centre

    Another ARC is being set-up at Sohal in Gurdaspur


    UTILIZATION OF FUNDS UNDER NFSM

    2012-13

    (Lac Rs.)

    RKVY sub-schemes i.e. BGREI and INSIMP are not operative in Punjab


    INTER DEPARTMENTAL COORDINATION

    Excellent coordination with Line-departments :

    • Department of Irrigation, power as well as BBMB. Purchased power worth Rs.5700 crore to meet the agricultural demand. A Committee has been constituted under Principal Secretary, Agriculture for effective coordination, monitoring the availability and utilization of canal water and power for Agriculture purposes.

    • Department of Fertilizers, GoI and State handling agencies (Markfed, PAIC) for pre-positioning and distribution of fertilizers.

    • Supply of quality chemicals : A State level Committee under Principal Secretary Agriculture and with Registrar Cooperative Societies as Convener has been set-up to arrange quality chemicals.

    • State Level Banker’s Committee and financial institutions. Scales of finance for different crops revised regularly.

      No inter-departmental issues


    Status of NFSM-MIS

    • Progress of financial Status up-dated

    • APY of wheat and pulses of NFSM and Non-NFSM districts is up-loaded

    • Target/Achievement report up-loaded

    • District-wise financial outlay viz-a-viz achievement being loaded

    • List of supplier/beneficiary is being up-dated


    FUTURE STRATEGY AND ROAD MAP FOR FOOD GRAIN PRODUCTION

    CHALLENGE THRUST

    • Water use efficiency

    • Balanced use of nutrients and their use efficiency

    • Crop diversification with focus on varietal improvement to sustain food grain production.

    • Post harvest management and value addition

    • Management including utilization

    • Mechanization

    • Stability of performance

    • Depleting underground water

    • Deteriorating soil health

    • Predominance of rice-wheat system

    • Dependence on primary agriculture

    • Straw burning

    • Labour shortage

    • Climate change

    Vision: Diversified Sustainable Agriculture


    • Formulation of State Agriculture Policy

    • Formulation of Policy for Crop Residue Management

    • Formulation of State Agro-Industrial Policy, 2013 to encourage investment for agro-processing

    • Enactment of Contract Farming Act, 2013

    • Constitution of Commodity Specific Boards viz. State Basmati Development Board, State Maize Development Board, State Pulses Development Board etc.

    • Establishment of Centre of Excellence in Maize in partnership with Monsanto

    • Establishment of Centre of Excellence in Water use Management with Jain Irrigation

    • Facilitation of Establishment of Directorate of Maize Development at Ludhiana

    FUTURE STRATEGY AND ROAD MAP FOR FOOD GRAIN PRODUCTION


    FUTURE STRATEGY AND ROAD MAP FOR FOOD GRAIN PRODUCTION

    • Research trials of 1700 new varieties of wheat including hybrid wheat are being held in partnership with BISA

    • Replacement of existing varieties with new HYV viz. PAU-121 and 122 for rice, PUSA Punjab Basmati-1509 , HD-3086, HAU-1105

    • Strengthening of Research- MoU with BARC for Mutation Breeding

    • Emphasis on Region specific cultivation of crops

    • Organization of Agricultural Summit on 20-24 February, 2014 to attract investment in Agriculture for mechanization and technology up-gradation


    Some Soul Searching

    Yield gaps analysis in wheat in various States (q/ha)

    • With smallest yield gap and highest area under irrigation – How to increase the productivity?

    • With no scope to expend area (4.2 out of 5.03 mha already under plough) – How to improve the production?

    • %age based ranking causes further damage (for 10% plus improvement in productivity we have to improve yield by 5 quintal/ha whereas others have to improve it by 2.5-3 qunital/ha)

    Award should for management which minimizes yield gaps not on the basis of % increses.


    Outstanding Foodgrain Production in 2012-13

    Highest Productivity of Wheat , Rice and Total Foodgrians in the Country

    Largest Contribution of Foodgrains to Central Pool: Wheat – 111.2 LMT Paddy – 133.8 LMT

    Will the criteria for Awards ….…?

    Thanks


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