PRODUCTION OF FOODGRAINS IN PUNJAB
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 25

PRODUCTION OF FOODGRAINS IN PUNJAB PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 192 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

PRODUCTION OF FOODGRAINS IN PUNJAB. (2012-13). DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GOVERNMENT OF PUNJAB. ABOUT PUNJAB:. Area (geographical) : 5.04 m ha Districts: 22 Net sown area: 4.2 m ha Irrigated area: 4.07 m ha(98%) by Canals : 1.11 m ha (27%) by Tubewells : 2.96 m ha (73%)

Download Presentation

PRODUCTION OF FOODGRAINS IN PUNJAB

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Production of foodgrains in punjab

PRODUCTION OF FOODGRAINS IN PUNJAB

(2012-13)

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

GOVERNMENT OF PUNJAB


About punjab

ABOUT PUNJAB:

Area (geographical) : 5.04 m ha

Districts: 22

Net sown area: 4.2 m ha

Irrigated area: 4.07 m ha(98%)

by Canals : 1.11 m ha (27%)

by Tubewells : 2.96 m ha (73%)

Total cropped area: 7.9 m ha

Cropping intensity: 204%

Cropping Systems :

Rice-Wheat;

Cotton-Wheat; and

Maize-Wheat


Production of foodgrains in punjab

FOUR DECADES OF FOODGRAIN PRODUCTION


Production of foodgrains in punjab

PRODUCTION OF FOOD GRAINS : 2012-13

  • In 2012-13:

  • Highest Productivity of Wheat and paddy in the Country

  • Highest Productivity of Total Foodgrains in the Country

  • Largest Contribution of Foodgrains to Central Pool: Wheat - 29%

  • Rice – 26%


Production of foodgrains in punjab

STRATEGY AND MEASURES TAKEN

  • Bridging the regional gaps in productivity through:

  • Replacement of PBW-343 variety of wheat: more area under DBW-17, PBW-550, PBW-621 and HD-2967

  • Improvement in SRR (43%) and 100% Treatment of certified and TL Seed

  • Campaign for control of termite : Chlorpyriphos on 50% subsidy

  • Timely sowing

  • Propagation of Resource Conservation Technologies for NRM (7.2 lac ha)

  • Pre-positioning of fungicide to control yellow rust

  • Area Expansion under Summer Moong

  • Better coordination with DAC, PAU and other institutions.

  • Efficient Management:

    • Capacity building of field functionaries and farmers

    • Ensuring timely and adequate availability of inputs.

    • Promotion of INM and IPM

    • Farmer to Farmer technology dissemination


  • Production of foodgrains in punjab

    New Initiatives :

    • Conservation of Natural Resources:

    • Improvement in Crop Productivity:

    On the basis of encouraging results, these are being continuously up-scaled


    Promotion of laser land leveling for conservation of irrigation water

    Major Initiatives …..

    PROMOTION OF LASER LAND LEVELING FOR CONSERVATION OF IRRIGATION WATER

    • Larger plot size and better water use efficiency

    • Better crop stand and lesser weeds

    • Better nutrient use efficiency

    • Uniform water application

    • The area under precision land leveling is increasing and during 2012-13 about 12.61 lac hectares have been covered.


    Efficient irrigation water management

    Major Initiatives …..

    Efficient Irrigation Water Management

    • Enactment of “Punjab Preservation of Sub-soil Water Act, 2009

      • To ensure timely transplanting of paddy

  • Promotion of conjunctive use of water

    • Community Underground Pipelines Systems

  • Promotion of Sprinkler and Drip irrigation


  • Production of foodgrains in punjab

    Major Initiatives …..

    MANAGEMENT OF SOIL FERTILITY

    • In-situ Crop Residue Management through zero/minimum tillage

    • Strengthening of Soil Testing Laboratories-18

    • Issue of Soil Health Cards - 304515

    • Promotion of Green Manuring and Summer Moong (83590 ha)

    Use of Happy Seeder to plant in crop residues

    Green manuring


    Production of foodgrains in punjab

    Major Initiatives …..

    EXPANSION OF AREA UNDER SUMMER MOONG

    • Additional Crop

    • Additional Income

    • Improves Soil Fertility

    Area under Summer-Moong (ha)

    77090

    40830

    23240


    Production of foodgrains in punjab

    Major Initiatives …..

    PROMOTION OF RESOURCE CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGIES

    Area under Minimum Tillage -2012-13: 6.85 lac ha.

    Tehsil wise area (ha)

    • Minimum tillage

    • Leaf colour chart

    • Tensiometer

    • Happy Seeder

    • Laser Land Leveler


    Production of foodgrains in punjab

    Major Initiatives …..

    IMPROVED SEED REPLACEMENT AND ITS TREATMENT

    • Emphasis on Seed replacement once in three years

    • Campaign for Seed Treatment during the sowing season.

    • 50% wheat seed treated – Emphasis on farm saved seed treatment

    • 15360 Seed Dressing Drums distributed – at least one for each Panchayat

    • Fungicide for 2.0 Lac quintals of seed was provided.

    SEED TREATMENT


    Production of foodgrains in punjab

    Major Initiatives …..

    DEMONSTRATION OF CROP PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

    • Seeding Technology

      • Zero-tillage

      • Raised Bed Planting

      • Paired rows

      • Bi-directional sowing

      • Relay cropping in cotton

      • Intercropping in Sugarcane

  • Residue Management

    • Retention of Residues: use of Happy Seeder

    • Incorporation of Residues: use of Rotavator

    • Collection of Residues: use of Baler and zero-till-drill

  • Spraying Technology

    • Use of Proper nozzles for herbicides and pesticides

    • Use of Ceramic nozzles

    • Demonstrations organized

      • 9056 of one acre each under ATMA

      • 230 clusters of 100 ha each under NFSM


    Production of foodgrains in punjab

    Major Initiatives …..

    RELAY PLANTING OF WHEAT IN COTTON

    • The wheat yield is reduced due to delay in planting after cotton.

    • Planting of wheat in Standing cotton can advance the sowing by 20-40 days.

    • 20 trails were organized in 2012-13 wherein the average yield advantage was observed as 2-3 quintals / acre.

    • The farmers are reluctant due to problem of sowing in standing cotton sticks but are impressed by the yield advantage .

    • 50 demonstrations have been planned during the current wheat season.


    Production of foodgrains in punjab

    Major Initiatives …..

    SURVEILLANCE AND MONITORING FOR YELLOW RUST

    • Yellow rust reduced the productivity of wheat during 2008-09

    • Better monitoring led to early detection of incidence

    • Timely supply of fungicide to Control of yellow rust at 50% cost

    • Surveillance also helped in checking the micro-nutrient deficiencies. Zinc Sulphate and Manganese Sulphate distributed on 50% subsidy

    • Effective control contributed to better productivity.

      (4724 kg/ha. : 2nd highest in last five years)


    Production of foodgrains in punjab

    Major Initiatives …..

    AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE CENTRES : Started in 2008-09

    • Propagation of New Technologies

    • Reduced investment due to availability on custom hiring basis

    • Generation of employment in rural areas

    • 1363 AMSC SET-UP TO-DATE

      • - 1121 PACS

      • - 242 Private

    • Each AMSC equipped with:

    • Laser Land Leveler;

    • Happy Seeder;

    • Rotavator;

    • Raised Bed Planter;

    • Zero-till-drill; and

    • Other implements

    FARM MECHANIZATION


    Production of foodgrains in punjab

    Major Initiatives …..

    Agriculture Resource Centre at AbulKhurana

    • Soil and Water Testing Lab M/s. IMT Technologies, Pune

    • Agriculture Machinery Service Centre M/s. Zimindara Farm Solutions, Fazilka

    • Diagnostic Lab for Fisheries, Department of Fisheries

    • Training Centre – Agriculture and allied departments

    PPP IN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION

    Class Room

    Hands on Training in:

    • Dairy and milk processing

    • Operation and maintenance of agricultural machinery

    • Fish production

    • Bee-keeping

    • Crop production technology

    Soil Testing Lab

    Milk Processing Unit

    Fish Pond

    Farm Machinery Centre

    Another ARC is being set-up at Sohal in Gurdaspur


    Production of foodgrains in punjab

    UTILIZATION OF FUNDS UNDER NFSM

    2012-13

    (Lac Rs.)

    RKVY sub-schemes i.e. BGREI and INSIMP are not operative in Punjab


    Inter departmental coordination

    INTER DEPARTMENTAL COORDINATION

    Excellent coordination with Line-departments :

    • Department of Irrigation, power as well as BBMB. Purchased power worth Rs.5700 crore to meet the agricultural demand. A Committee has been constituted under Principal Secretary, Agriculture for effective coordination, monitoring the availability and utilization of canal water and power for Agriculture purposes.

    • Department of Fertilizers, GoI and State handling agencies (Markfed, PAIC) for pre-positioning and distribution of fertilizers.

    • Supply of quality chemicals : A State level Committee under Principal Secretary Agriculture and with Registrar Cooperative Societies as Convener has been set-up to arrange quality chemicals.

    • State Level Banker’s Committee and financial institutions. Scales of finance for different crops revised regularly.

      No inter-departmental issues


    Status of nfsm mis

    Status of NFSM-MIS

    • Progress of financial Status up-dated

    • APY of wheat and pulses of NFSM and Non-NFSM districts is up-loaded

    • Target/Achievement report up-loaded

    • District-wise financial outlay viz-a-viz achievement being loaded

    • List of supplier/beneficiary is being up-dated


    Challenge thrust

    FUTURE STRATEGY AND ROAD MAP FOR FOOD GRAIN PRODUCTION

    CHALLENGE THRUST

    • Water use efficiency

    • Balanced use of nutrients and their use efficiency

    • Crop diversification with focus on varietal improvement to sustain food grain production.

    • Post harvest management and value addition

    • Management including utilization

    • Mechanization

    • Stability of performance

    • Depleting underground water

    • Deteriorating soil health

    • Predominance of rice-wheat system

    • Dependence on primary agriculture

    • Straw burning

    • Labour shortage

    • Climate change

    Vision: Diversified Sustainable Agriculture


    Future strategy and road map for food grain production

    • Formulation of State Agriculture Policy

    • Formulation of Policy for Crop Residue Management

    • Formulation of State Agro-Industrial Policy, 2013 to encourage investment for agro-processing

    • Enactment of Contract Farming Act, 2013

    • Constitution of Commodity Specific Boards viz. State Basmati Development Board, State Maize Development Board, State Pulses Development Board etc.

    • Establishment of Centre of Excellence in Maize in partnership with Monsanto

    • Establishment of Centre of Excellence in Water use Management with Jain Irrigation

    • Facilitation of Establishment of Directorate of Maize Development at Ludhiana

    FUTURE STRATEGY AND ROAD MAP FOR FOOD GRAIN PRODUCTION


    Future strategy and road map for food grain production1

    FUTURE STRATEGY AND ROAD MAP FOR FOOD GRAIN PRODUCTION

    • Research trials of 1700 new varieties of wheat including hybrid wheat are being held in partnership with BISA

    • Replacement of existing varieties with new HYV viz. PAU-121 and 122 for rice, PUSA Punjab Basmati-1509 , HD-3086, HAU-1105

    • Strengthening of Research- MoU with BARC for Mutation Breeding

    • Emphasis on Region specific cultivation of crops

    • Organization of Agricultural Summit on 20-24 February, 2014 to attract investment in Agriculture for mechanization and technology up-gradation


    Yield gaps analysis in wheat in various states q ha

    Some Soul Searching

    Yield gaps analysis in wheat in various States (q/ha)

    • With smallest yield gap and highest area under irrigation – How to increase the productivity?

    • With no scope to expend area (4.2 out of 5.03 mha already under plough) – How to improve the production?

    • %age based ranking causes further damage (for 10% plus improvement in productivity we have to improve yield by 5 quintal/ha whereas others have to improve it by 2.5-3 qunital/ha)

    Award should for management which minimizes yield gaps not on the basis of % increses.


    Production of foodgrains in punjab

    Outstanding Foodgrain Production in 2012-13

    Highest Productivity of Wheat , Rice and Total Foodgrians in the Country

    Largest Contribution of Foodgrains to Central Pool: Wheat – 111.2 LMT Paddy – 133.8 LMT

    Will the criteria for Awards ….…?

    Thanks


  • Login