Unit 6
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Unit 6 . U.S. Becomes a world power. 20 th century philsophy. Isolationist- stay at home and don’t worry about the rest of the world. Imperialism- the economic and political domination of a s strong nation over a weaker nation U.S.Manly isolationist until WWI.

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Unit 6

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Unit 6

U.S. Becomes a world power


20th century philsophy

  • Isolationist- stay at home and don’t worry about the rest of the world.

  • Imperialism- the economic and political domination of a s strong nation over a weaker nation

  • U.S.Manly isolationist until WWI


Expansion by U.S. in pacific

  • 1852 Matthew c Perry entered Japanese waters with 4 american war ships

  • Japanese open trade with U.S.

  • American Missionaries settled Hawaii and started growing sugar cane.

  • Missionaries got king to sign treaty limiting his power

  • 1891 queen liluokalani- became queen. Tried to make new constitution. Planters overthrow her and asked U.S. to annex Hawaii.


2 causes of the Spanish American War

  • 1. U.S.S. maine blew up in the harbor of Havana Cuba.

    • American blamed the explosion on Spain

  • Jose Marti’ took control over eastern cuba and declared it independent.

  • William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer reported sensational and exaggerated and sometimes untrue stories about what the spanish was doing to the cubians. – called 2. yellow journalism


The warspanishamerican

  • Aggressive nationalism started called jingoism

  • U.S. navy- commander Dewey- quickly destroyed the Spanish fleet in Cuba.


  • Philippines-

    • U.S. army not ready (not well equipped terrible condition

    • Calvary group of cowboys called the rough riders(led by Woods and Theodor Roosevelt)

    • Rough riders defeated the Spanish in the Philippines

    • Spanish agreed to cease fire.


Spanish American war ends

  • Treaty of paris 1898

  • Cuba independent

  • U.S. annex Puerto Rico and Guam

  • U.S. pay 20 million to annex Philippines

  • U.S. becomes an imperial power.


Spanish American war made united states a world power


New American Diplomacy 17-3

  • 1900 McKinley was president was shot and killed by Leon Czolgosz

  • Theodore Roosevelt becomes president

  • Relationship with japan got bad, Roosevelt sent 16 battleships on a trip around the world called the great white fleet.


Big stick diplomacy Roosevelt

  • Roosevelt believed if the U.S. displayed its power it would make other countries think trice about fighting “Speak softly and carry a big stick”


Speak softly and carry a big stick

  • Theodore Roosevelt: Purchase of the panama canal zone.

  • Columbian government controlled the panama canal zone. And refused to sell it.

  • Panamanian people revolted and forcefully gained their independence with the help of Roosevelt and the U.S. navy support


Panama Canal Zone

  • It was important because ships did not have to go around South America


Big stick diplomacy

  • Roosevelt corollary- told everyone to stay out of western hemisphere(monroe doctrine) also said that U.S. could intervene in a region if it had trouble paying debt.


18-1 Progressivism 1890-1920

  • Progressives were urban, education, middle class. (journalist, educators, and politicians)

  • Journalist were the 1st to talk about progressive ideas known as muckrakers.

    • Famous Muckrakers

    • Ida Tarbell-published articles on standard oil

    • Jacob Riis “how the other half lives” - wrote about poverty and diseases in city


What progressives wanted

  • Direct primary- all party members voted

  • Referendum, recall, direct election of senators (17thamendemnt)

  • Suffrage movement- Elizabeth caddy Stanton

  • 19th amendment (women right to vote)


progressive

  • Temperance started by women’s suffrage movement

  • Socialism – govt ownership of business

    • Eugene debs(american socialist party- got 1 million vote


Progressives

  • Upton Sinclair wrote the Jungle- told about unsanitary conditions of meat packing industry.

    • Pure food and drug act and meat inspection act


Causes of the World War I

  • 1. Gavriloprincip assassinated Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife.

    • This is 1 cause of the war

  • 2. Imperialism- created competition for more territory and economic gain

  • 3. Militarism (Big armies and need to use them)


Causes of war

  • 4. Nationalism- intense loyalty to one’s country

  • 5. Entangled alliances

  • Two sides of the war

    • Allied powers- great Britain, Franc e, Italy , Russia, Japan, and eventually U.S.

    • Central powers- Germany, Austria-Hungary, and ottoman empire (turkey)


American in the beginning

  • Isolationist- Wilson agreed to be neutral

  • Sold good to both sides


Modern war

  • Trench warfare, poison gas and tanks, airplanes at the end of war

  • Mustard, chlorine , and tear gas


Pictures from World War I


Caused the U.S. to Enter WWI

  • 1. Unrestricted submarine Warfare, 2. The Zimmerman telegraph and 3. Sinking of Lusitania led to U.S. joining WWI

  • German U-boats sunk Lusitania- killing 1200 people

  • Zimmerman telegraph- letter written from Germany to Mexico.

    • Told Mexico if it would attack U.S. when the war was over they would get all the land back they had lost


World War I (WWI1914-1919)

  • 30 million causalities

  • 1st modern war- selective service act- draft

  • Espionage act and sedition – cant interfere with draft or refuse to go, and cant speak out against war


Great Migration

  • Increased opportunities for jobs in the factories for women and African Americans

    • This led to the great migration- movement of African American from the south to the north


Wilson 14 point plan

  • Right to self rule, free trade, and free access to the seas by all nations, international peace keeping body known as league of nations


Treaty of Versailles- peace treaty ended ww1

  • Punished Germany (they had to pay reparations of money (33 Billion dollars to allies and disarm)

  • Germany fully to blame for war

  • League of nations suggested by President W. Wilson

    • League of nations- where countries could work out differences

    • Congress rejected the idea and without U.S. in it the League soon collapsed.


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