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9. People immigrate for the following reasons:
economic (e.g, to escape poverty)
professional (e.g, to find employment; to search for an occupation that is unavailable)
political (e.g, to escape dictatorship or other unfair governments; disagrees over government)
persecution and oppression, including genocide, ethnic cleansing, and bullying
sentimental (e.g., the desire to settle in a country due to personal preference; family reunification).
religious (e.g., they were not allowed to practice their own religion in some cases)
The great majority of immigration occurs for economic reasons of one sort or another. Wage rates and living expenses vary greatly between different countries; poor individuals of third world countries can have far higher standards of living in developed countries than in their originating countries, as not very well off but financially independent people from highly developed countries can live better in a less developed country where living standards are lower.
10. An immigration policy is any policy of a state that affects the transit of persons across its borders, but especially those that intend to work and to remain in the country. Immigration policies can range from isolationism, where no migration at all is allowed, to free immigration, where most forms of migration are allowed.
Immigration policy is often closely related to other policies:
Tax, tariff and trade rules that determine what goods migrants may bring with them, what services they may perform while temporarily in the country, and etc.and who is allowed to remain, e.g. the European Union has no immigration restrictions within it, any resident of any of the signatory nations may move and seek work anywhere within.
investment policy that permits wealthy immigrants to invest in businesses in exchange for favorable treatment, early issuance of passports and permanent resident status.
11. Some free-market libertarians believe that a free global labor market with no restrictions on immigration would, in the long run, boost global prosperity. Major corporate interests have been among the strongest advocates of liberalization of immigration laws since movement of personnel is essential to creation of true multinational corporations. Among those on the opposite side of the issue are nationalists who propose militarizing borders; protectionists who prefer closed labor markets or who see liberal immigration practices as a form of corporate welfare where corporate interests use inexpensive or free government immigration benefits, rather than corporate resources, to compensate employees; and xenophobes who fear the presence of foreigners, though these views are not shared by all or even most immigration reductionists. Still others feel that the focus should be taken off of immigration control and placed on the importance of equal rights for immigrants to avoid what they believe to be corporate exploitation of immigrant poverty. Immigration is often forced on an unwilling population by politicians who wish to gain politcal advantage.