Folk and Popular Culture. Insanely Rad Scot, with Kilt and Three-Fin Thruster. Woman with Oxcart, Myanmar. The Forbidden City Beijing, China 2004. Beijing, China 2004. Important Terminology.
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Insanely Rad Scot, with Kilt and Three-Fin Thruster
Woman with Oxcart, Myanmar
Folk Culture – rapidly changing and/or disappearing throughout much of the world.
Portuguese Fishing Boat
Turkish Camel Market
Effects on Landscape:usually of limited scale and scope.
Agricultural: fields, terraces, grain storage
Dwellings: historically created from local materials: wood, brick, stone, skins; often uniquely and traditionally arranged; always functionally tied to physical environment.
How did such differences develop?
Fig. 4-6: Annual hog production is influenced by religious taboos against pork consumption in Islam and other religions. The highest production is in China, which is largely Buddhist.
Small towns in different regions of the eastern U.S. have different combinations of five main traditional house types.
Food Taboos: Jews – can’t eat animals that chew cud, that have cloven feet; can’t mix meat and milk, or eat fish lacking fins or scales; Muslims – no pork; Hindus – no cows (used for oxen during monsoon)
Washing Cow in Ganges
Clothing: Jeans, for example, and have become valuable status symbols in many regions including Asia and Russia despite longstanding folk traditions.
Wide Distribution: differences from place to place uncommon, more likely differences at one place over time.
Housing:only small regional variations, more generally there are trends over time
Food: franchises, cargo planes, superhighways and freezer trucks have eliminated much local variation. Limited variations in choice regionally, esp. with alcohol and snacks. Substantial variations by ethnicity.
Fig. 4-3: This mental map places major hip hop performers near other similar performers and in the portion of the country where they performed.
Television has diffused widely since the 1950s, but some areas still have low numbers of TVs per population.
The Internet is diffusing today, but access varies widely.
The Internet is diffusing today, but access varies widely. Some countries censor the Internet, but this is much harder to do.
Effects on Landscape: creates homogenous, “placeless” (Relph, 1976), landscape
Are places still tied to local landscapes?
Disconnect with landscape: indoor swimming pools? desert surfing?
Swimming Pool, West Edmonton Mall, Canada
Often Destroys Folk Culture – or preserves traditions as museum pieces or tourism gimmicks.
Satellite Television, Baja California
Western Media Imperialism?
Accelerated Resource Use through Accelerated Consumption
Pollution: waste from fuel generation and discarded products, plastics, marketing and packaging materials
Palm Springs, CA
Heirarchical Diffusion: How to compete with Popular Culture and all it values?
Indigenous: The first culture and how it developed.Colonization - Dominant Culture: How others coming affected, changed, replaced the indigenous culture and values?
Vocabulary :Review: Connect to cultureCulture Hearths Diffusion types: Expansion— hierarchical, contagious, stimulus,relocation Sequent occupance Distance-DecayTime-Space Compression
Cultural core/periphery pattern
Dominant Culture (Cultural Imperialism)
Non-material cultureVocabulary to take pictures of and analyze (what is it, importance, make a comment, example in this or another country).
Cultural Identity: belonging to a culture or group, identifying with it. It is important because we need to feel like we are part of something and not just lost in the giant commercialized, vanilla, culture of the world. As John says in God Grew Tired of Us: A man without a culture is like a man without land. When we lose our cultural identity we have nothing to stand on. In John’s culture, it was very important that people ate in traditional ways and took care of each other. In Canada, groups maintain their own cultures (speak French in Quebec). I think it is sad that as we globalize, we are becoming more and more the same. We are losing our richness. Even our differences are just bought and sold. We all listen to the same music. I’m worried we will not only lose our outwardly differences but our differences in values…becoming totally materialistic!