AUSTRALIA. History , Culture and Info of the smallest continent. Australia as a country.
History, Culture and Info of the smallestcontinent
People first arrived in Australia more than 50,000 years ago. These native Australians are called theAustralianAborigines. For the history of Australia, see History of Australia.
Most of the Australian colonies, having been settled from Britan, became mostly independent democratic states in the 1850s and all six combined as a federation on 1of the January 1901
Because Australia is such a very large land, it was easy to think that it might be able to hold a very large number of people. In the early days of the colony, a great number of explorers went out, searching for good land to settle on. When the settlers looked west from Sydney, they saw a range of mountains which they called the BlueMountians. They were not very high and did not look very rugged but for many years no-one could find their way through them. In 1813 Gregory Blaxland, William Lawsonand a 17 year-old called William Charles Wentworth crossed the Blue Mountains and found land on the other side which was good for farming. A road was built and the GovernorLachlan Macquarie founded the town of Bathurst on the other side, 100 miles from Sydney.