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Twenty years later, during the second world war, Australia was much closer to the fighting.
When the Japanese military started to fight its way southwards through Asia, Australian soldiers were called home from Europe where they were fighting the Germans, to fight the Japanese.
After the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbour, and the US entered the war, it was obvious to the Australian leaders that the safety of Australia depended on working closely with the US military, and this continues today.
After the Second World War, the Australian government was worried that other countries like Japan would try to invade Australia, because it had such a small population, but a large area and many natural resources.
The government decided that more people from overseas should be encouraged to move to Australia, but the old policy of only letting in white people was still in place, so most of the new Australians were from countries like Italy and Greece.