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Conquest of the Americas - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Conquest of the Americas . Do Now: View the following picture and develop an aim for today’s lesson . Aim. How did the Spanish interact with Native Americans in the Americas in the 1500s?. PQ1. How did the Spanish interact with Native Americans in the Caribbean? . First Encounters .

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Presentation Transcript
slide3
Aim
  • How did the Spanish interact with Native Americans in the Americas in the 1500s?
slide4
PQ1
  • How did the Spanish interact with Native Americans in the Caribbean?
first encounters
First Encounters
  • Spanish conquistadors settled on the islands of Hispaniola
    • Seized gold ornaments worn by the Taino people
    • Deadly European diseases riddled Tainos
      • Small pox
      • Measles
      • Influenza
  • As much as 90% of Native Americans died in the Caribbean Islands because of their lack of IMMUNITY
slide8
PQ2
  • How did Hernan Cortes interact with the Aztecs?
slide10
Now that you’ve seen two documents about Cortes and the Aztecs, develop three possible explanations for the image below with your partner.
the conquistadors
The Conquistadors
  • Hernan Cortes was an early conquistador
    • Landed in Mexico in 1519
    • Headed inland toward Tenochtitlan
      • Helped by Malinche, a young Native American women guide
      • Helped Cortes form alliances against the Aztecs
  • Moctezuma: sent gifts of gold and silver, but urged Cortes not to come to Tenochtitlan
    • Cortes arrived and was dazzled by the grandeur of the city
fall of tenochtitlan
Fall of Tenochtitlan
  • Moctezuma welcomed Cortes to his capital
    • Soon relations grew strained
    • Aztecs drove Spanish from their city
      • Moctezuma was killed
  • 1521: Cortes returns and captures/destroys Tenochtitlan
  • On the ruins of Tenochtitlan, the Spanish build Mexico City
slide14
PQ3
  • Did Cortes’ success inspire other Spanish conquistadors?
pizarro in peru
Pizarro in Peru
  • Francisco Pizarro arrived in Peru in 1532, just after the Incan ruler ATAHUALPA won the thrown after a bloody civil war
  • Helped by Native American allies, Pizarro captured Atahualpa after slaughtering thousands of his followers
  • Pizarro demanded a huge ransom for Atahualpa’s return
    • Incas paid, but Atahualpa was killed
    • Spain conquered most of the Incan territory
exit card
Exit Card
  • How did the Spanish interact with Native Americans in the Americas in the 1500s?
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