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Darfur Conflict. Yang Jin Naomi Wakayama Lee Chae Won. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_BJOfpJ8qVE. Once upon a time…. “devil on horseback”. 100,000 refugees in Chad. GENOCIDE. AU(African Union), UN, Arab League, and EU didn’t agree to U.S. 185,000 Darfur people registered.

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Darfur Conflict

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Darfur conflict

Darfur Conflict

Yang Jin

Naomi Wakayama

Lee Chae Won


Darfur conflict

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_BJOfpJ8qVE


Darfur conflict

  • Once upon a time…

“devil on horseback”

100,000 refugees in Chad


Darfur conflict

  • GENOCIDE

AU(African Union), UN, Arab League, and EU didn’t agree to U.S.

185,000 Darfur people registered


Darfur conflict

UNMIS = United Nations Mission in Sudan

Delayed by GoS

Now 235,000 refugees in Chad

FAIL


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  • 2.4 million


Darfur conflict

300,000Darfuris died from conflict

Rejected by rebel groups

IDP increases to

2.7 million


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  • ongoing violence

GoS expels 13 international humanitarian aid groups


Important incidents failures

Important incidents & FAilures

2003

2004

2011

2006

Big events

International community

Intervene

Neglect


2003 the start of the war

SLA

Sudan Liberation Army

JEM

Justice and Equality Movement

2003 the start of the war

Sudan Government

Janjaweed

Darfur region


2003 international community

negligible

UN did not intervened

UN Security Council

esp. China, Russia

+ Sudan government’s

strict media control

2003: International community

NGOs PREDICTED

WARNED

(Amnesty International, the International Crisis Group, Justice Africa)


Important incidents failures1

Important incidents & FAilures

2003

2004

2011

2006

Big events

International community

Intervene

Neglect


2004 interventions and negotiation

Rebel groups

Sudan Government

2004: Interventions and negotiation

UN, AU, EU

Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement and a Protocol on the Establishment of Humanitarian Assistance in Darfur

Full access of humanitarian organizations

AU’s monitoring committee

‣AMIS(African Union Monitoring Mission in Sudan)

Lack of support/equipment


Darfur conflict

UNSC resolution 1556, 1574

Resolution1556

-Report of the Secretary-General on the Sudan

Under Chapter 7 of UN Charter

6. Demands that the Government of Sudan fulfil its commitments to disarm the Janjaweed militias…

7. Decides that all states shall take the necessary measures to prevent the sale or supply, to all non-governmental entities and individuals, including the Janjaweed, operating in the states of North Darfur, South Darfur and West Darfur…


Unsc resolution 1556 1574

UNSC resolution 1556, 1574

Resolution 1574

-Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan

7. Welcomes the preparatory work already carried out by the United Nations Advance Mission in Sudan (UNAMIS), …and calls on the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army to commit to full cooperation with UNAMIS,

11. Demands that Government and rebel forces and all other armed groups immediately cease all violence and attacks, including abduction, refrain from forcible relocation of civilians, cooperate with international humanitarian relief and monitoring efforts …


2006 darfur peace agreement abuja agreement

SLA

Sudan Government

2006: Darfur peace agreement (Abuja Agreement)

AU, US

Power-sharing

Disarmament of Militias

Wealth-sharing to promote economy of Darfur

Objected by JEM


Important incidents failures2

2008 UNAMID

Important incidents & FAilures

2003

2004

2011

2006

Big events

International community

Intervene

Neglect


Darfur conflict

2011: Doha agreement

(2011 Darfur peace agreement)

Liberation and

Justice Movement

Sudan Government

Compensation for victims of Darfur

Establishment of Darfur Regional Authority

Power-sharing


What s happening now

What’s happening now?

  • From December 2010 to September 2012, Doha peace forum, a new round of talk between the LJM and the Sudanese government was take place in Doha, Qatar.

  • UN, AU and EU joined the

    mediation during the forum.


What s happening now1

What’s happening now?

  • $300,000,000 of compensation for victims

  • Two new states was announced

  • A new Darfur Regional Authority was established

  • Provisions for a Darfuri Vice-President was announced

    BUT IS IT OVER?


In 2013

In 2013


Evaluation

Evaluation

  • Just cause 5/5

  • Right intention 2/5 | 4/5

  • Final resort 4/5

  • Legitimate authority5/5

  • Proportional means 1/5 | 3/5

  • Reasonable prospect 4/5


Reference

reference

  • Darfurdreamteam.org http://darfurdreamteam.org/the-crisis/timeline

  • Wikipedia, War in Darfur http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_in_Darfur

  • Sudan Peace Watch http://www.enoughproject.org/publications/sudan-peace-watch-december-21-2010

  • Radiobanana.org https://www.radiodabanga.org/node/7950

  • Monstersandcritics.com http://news.monstersandcritics.com/africa/news/article_1609145.php/Alliance-of-rebel-factions-agrees-to-Darfur-peace-deal

  • Dr. Marc Gustafson, The 'genocide' in Darfur isn't what it seems, http://www.csmonitor.com/layout/set/r14/Commentary/Opinion/2009/0819/p09s02-coop.html


Darfur conflict

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