U.S. Foreign Policy and Diplomacy. Be able to explain how the U.S. uses its foreign policy and Diplomatic Tools to further its national interests . Isolationism . For 150 years, the U.S. stayed out of world affairs.
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U.S. Foreign Policy and Diplomacy
Be able to explain how the U.S. uses its foreign policy and Diplomatic Toolsto further its national interests.
For 150 years, the U.S. stayed out of world affairs.
Monroe Doctrine – U.S. would stay out of European affairs, if Europe would stay away from North and South America
Concerned about developing the West – “Manifest Destiny”
1898 - Spanish American War (U.S. acquires more territory
1899 - Open Door Policy – all nations should be able to trade with China
1900 - U.S. becomes a colonial power with interests in Latin America, Pacific & Philippines
Past 60 years (WWII) brought home the fact that no one can live in isolation.
What happens in one country can affect other countries.
National security of our country depends on what happens elsewhere.
Economic conditions of other countries have a direct effect on our economy.
Policies designed to promote & protect security & well-being of all nations will help to give the U.S. their own peace and security.
Actions, decisions, and principles that guide the U.S. government’s relations with other nations.
Department of State & the Department of Defense
Right of legation – the right to send and receive diplomatic representatives (traced to Ancient Egypt)
U.S. has embassies in over 160 countries
Ambassadors – personal representatives of the President to a country
Appointments made by President, some are coveted positions awarded for political support
Diplomatic Immunity – ambassadors are not subject to the laws of the country in which they are guests
Recognition – power to recognize the existence of a country by another
First called the “War Department” and later changed to a more neutral name
Framers recognized the threat of the military to a free society, thus the President is the civilian leader of the military
Second largest expenditure in U.S. budget (about 1/6 of the budget)
Oversees civilian and military operations and personnel
Foreign Aid – government’s financial or military aid to another country
Sanctions – a penalty against a nation that violates international law
Deterrence – threat of military attack to discourage enemy attack or hostile actions
Alliances – systems in which participating nations agree to take joint action to meet an attack on one of its members (NATO)
Détente – easing of tensions between nations
Blockade – closing off of area by hostile forces