Social Protection in Bangladesh. Presentation by Group#01 composed as follows- GPP01: Nazmul Islam Shamim GPP03:Md. Mizanur Rahman GPP04: Mainuduuin Ahmed GPP05: Morsheda Begum GPP07: Rafiqul Islam. Social Protection: Definition.
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Group#01 composed as follows-
GPP01: Nazmul Islam Shamim
GPP03:Md. Mizanur Rahman
GPP04: Mainuduuin Ahmed
GPP05: Morsheda Begum
GPP07: Rafiqul Islam
ILO defines social protection broadly covering all safeguards and guarantees against loss of income due to illness, old age, unemployment, or other hardship (ILO Website).
World Bank defines social protection narrowly as public interventions oriented to human capital and social risk management to help individuals, households and communities better manage risk, and provide support to incapacitated poor (World Bank 1999, 2000).
Bangladesh Government social protection policy is close to World Bank definition of social protection.
The idea evolves :
1. in the western rich countries-
2. In developing countries
poverty reduction policies, strategies and programs (NSAPR II, 2009-11)
Sixth Five Year Plan (2011-15).
implemented through ADPs
Social safety net is defined
FFW, OMS, VGD, VGF, TR, Food subsidy, Employment in char areas etc.
Challenges with regard to microcredit are:
It focus on two broad areas:
70 + programs / projects are being implemented by different ministries viz.
Low coverage: Only fractions (less then 10 percent of the poor) of those who need social protection are covered and reach less then 5 million people (WB 2006).
Inappropriate targeting: overlapping and inclusion of ineligible persons in Safety Net Program is common
Leakage: leakage is more prevalent in in-kind programs than in cash programs
This additional spending can arrange by-
-reprioritizing existing public spending
- fiscal effort to generate additional domestic resources
-some additional assistance from the development partners.