Social protection momentum in bangladesh
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Social Protection Momentum in Bangladesh. 03 November 2013. Shashwatee Biplob -Senior Program Manager Development Cooperation, Australian High Commission . Issues constraining Outcome:. Number of programs Size of Transfers Leakages and corruption Duplication Exclusion/ Inclusion Errors

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Social Protection Momentum in Bangladesh

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Social protection momentum in bangladesh

Social Protection Momentum in Bangladesh

03 November 2013

ShashwateeBiplob -Senior Program Manager

Development Cooperation, Australian High Commission


Issues constraining outcome

Issues constraining Outcome:

Number of programs

Size of Transfers

Leakages and corruption

Duplication

Exclusion/ Inclusion Errors

Sector Governance

Evidence of Impact


Key issues

Key Issues:

Coverage / adequacy …… impact

Food ….. cash

Poverty targeting ….. social categorical/ life cycle

GoB…… CSOs


Poverty rate 1991 2010

  • Poverty rate has been halved from 1991 to 2010

  • Still the rate is high 31.5%, around 47 million people

Poverty Rate: 1991-2010


How different are the lives of the people below and above the poverty line

Difference in level of per capita consumption of the 3rd and 8thdecile is not great

How different are the lives of the people below and above the poverty line???


Life cycle risks

Life-cycle risks:


Scope of social protection reform

Scope of Social Protection Reform:

“It shall be a fundamental responsibility of the state to attain……..the right to social security, that is to say to public assistance in cases of undeserved want arising from unemployment, illness or disablement, or suffered by widows or orphans or in old age, or in other such cases.”

- Article 15, Constitution of Bangladesh

Sixth Five Year Plan (2011): Increase spending to 3% of GDP by 2015

Government has resolved to develop a National Social Protection Strategy (NSPS) by February 2014.


Current social protections

Current Social Protections:


Spending vs coverage

Spending vs. Coverage:


National social protection strategy development

National Social Protection Strategy Development:

Led by a 12 member inter-ministerial committee, Cabinet Secretary as Chair, GED as Secretariat

SP Study tour to South Africa and Lesotho

A consortium of South Asian Network on Economic Modelling (SANEM) and the Policy Research Institute (PRI) was contracted to help in drafting the NSPS.

At sectoral level, Inter-Ministerial Committee (22) and a Monitoring Sub-Committee (8) are linked to NSPS

GoB/ DPs: Local Consultative Group on Poverty and SP sub group


National social protection strategy development1

National Social Protection Strategy Development:

10 background research papers:

Poverty, Vulnerability and Inequality in Bangladesh

Building a social protection system to address urban poverty in Bangladesh

Social Protection Strategy to address social and gender-based exclusion, including disability, high-risk groups and minority;

Social Protection financing and affordability

Social Protection Strategies to address idiosyncratic and covariate risks and socks, including seasonal poverty, econo9mic recession and natural disaster;

Taking stock and moving forward: enhancing labour strategies for Bangladesh's vulnerable groups

State of governance within social protection sector in Bangladesh

Building a social protection system to address the demographic challenges faced by Bangladesh

International best practice in Social Protection: implications for Bangladesh

Review of Bangladesh Social Protection Sector


National social protection strategy development2

National Social Protection Strategy Development:

Zero draft of 8 papers have already been shared with DPs and got feedback

A visioning workshop for SP was held on 27 October, Sunday – DPs, CSOs and GoB attended

Possible options for reform, approaches, micro and macro level impact on poverty, affordability/ fiscal space


Percentage reduction in poverty gap for households with over 65s

Percentage reduction in poverty gap for households with over-65s:


Percentage reduction in poverty gap for households with 0 4 years at various transfer levels

Percentage reduction in poverty gap for households with 0-4 years at various transfer levels:


Universal old age and child grant combined impact

Universal Old Age and Child Grant Combined impact:


Next course of actions

Next Course of Actions:

Finalizing the 10 background papers

Zero draft of NSPS by 31st October 2013

Comments will be sought from different ministries/ divisions, experts, CSOs, think tanks, DPs.

Regional (Nov.) and National (Nov. & Dec.) dialogues will be held

SP sub committee meeting on the revised draft

Central Monitoring committee Meeting to Finalise the draft

Process for approval by the competent authority.


Thanks

THANKS


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