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Deponent Verbs. just like other verbs, but different. One thing to know. Deponent verbs are PASSIVE in form, and ACTIVE in meaning. Therefore:. Have ½ as many forms (no active forms!) Can only be used in an active sense To express the passive, you must use a different verb, i.e.

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deponent verbs

Deponent Verbs

just like other verbs, but different

one thing to know
One thing to know
  • Deponent verbs are PASSIVE in form, and ACTIVE in meaning.
therefore
Therefore:
  • Have ½ as many forms (no active forms!)
  • Can only be used in an active sense
  • To express the passive, you must use a different verb, i.e.

hortātus sum (I encouraged) from hortor, hortārī, hortatus sum

confirmātus sum (I was encouraged) from confirmo, confirmāre

how do i recognize them
How do I recognize them?
  • Only have 3 principle parts
  • Principle parts have passive endings

i.e. loquor, loqui, locutus sum – to speak

  • Normal verb has 4 principle parts

i.e. dico, dicere, dixi, dictus – to speak

how do you conjugate them
How do you conjugate them?
  • Exactly like normal passive verbs!!!
  • No new endings
but why
But why????
  • With many deponent verbs, the subject is experiencing the action (not doing it) just as if the verb were passive
  • patior, patī, passus sum = to suffer
  • vereor, verērī, veritus sum = to fear
  • queror, querī, questus sum = to complain
how do i tell which conjugation it is
How do I tell which conjugation it is?
  • Look at the infinitive
  • 1st = hortor, hortārī, hortatus sum
  • 2nd = vereor, verērī, veritus sum
  • 3rd = labor, labī, lapsus sum
  • 3rd IO = morior, morī, mortuus sum
  • 4th = orior, orīrī, ortus sum
but don t they have participles
But don’t they have participles?
  • Yes, yes, they do! (& that is a good question)
  • The Present Participle is normal 
  • Present Stem + ns / nt + 3rd decl endings
  • hortor, hortārī, hortatus sum
  • Present Stem = horta
  • Present Participle = hortans, hortantis
  • Translates = “encouraging”
i was asking about the other one
I was asking about the other one
  • Did these last year 
  • The Perfect Participle forms regularly
  • Last principle part (3rd for deponents)
  • + 1st & 2nd declension endings
  • Hortatus = having verbed
  • NOT having been verbed
  • NOT PASSIVE
semi deponent verbs
Semi-Deponent Verbs
  • Verbs with trucks
  • Active forms for the Present, Imperfect, & Future
  • Passive forms for Perfect, Pluperfect, & Future Perfect
  • Therefore, normal principle parts for first 2, and a deponent 3rd principle part
  • audeō, audēre, ausus sum (to dare)
  • fiō, fierī, factus sum (to become)
  • gaudeō, gaudēre, gavisus sum (to rejoice)
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