Linguistic Nationalism and Partisan Politics During the Second Half of the Twentieth Century. Chapter 7: (pp. 177-264) Torres González, R. (2002). Idioma, bilinguismo y nacionalidad: la presencia del inglés en Puerto Rico . San Juan, PR.
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Chapter 7: (pp. 177-264)
Torres González, R. (2002). Idioma, bilinguismo y nacionalidad:
la presencia del inglés en Puerto Rico. San Juan, PR.
Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico
Prepared By: Aníbal Muñoz Claudio
Course: EDUC 8130
Prof. Dr. María A. Irizarry
Date: February 21, 2006
a. The Popular Democratic Party (PPD) which promotes the
continuation of The Commonwealth (ELA)
b. Different Parties that have advocated for Statehood
1. Statehood Puerto Rican Party-Partido Estadista Puertorriqueño
2. Republican Statehood Party –Partido Estadista Republicano
3. New Progressive Party (PNP) since 1967
a. A cultural nationalism (p.181) with strong ties to Hispanic affiliations b. An occidental approach ( from the University) with an identification with the US citizenship and strong political, economical, and cultural ties with the country
(Torres González, R. 2002, p.223)
Up to the 40’s most of the statehood leaders supported the americanization process and the bilingual teaching approaches of the Americans.
When Commisioner Villaronga (1949) established his language policy, he was highly criticized by the statehood leaders. (p.223)
During the 50’s and 60’s the statehood leaders continued criticizing the linguistic policy and the cultural nationalism since, according to them, it pretended to separate Puerto Rico from the US. (224)
In 1967, Luis A. Ferré (who later became governor) founded the PNP and proclaimed the concept of “estadidad jíbara”. (227)
Based on the civil rights movements of the 60’s and 70’s, Governor Carlos Romero Barceló presented the statehood issue as one of an ethnic minority claiming their civil and constitutional rights to the US. (p.229) to achieve an equal political status. (Torres González, R. 2002)
From the three main political parties of the island, the PIP has been the most consistent in regards to the issues of language and culture. They have been the most persistent in defending the Spanish language as the official language of the Island and the language to be used in the public school system.
Although they approve the teaching or learning of other languages in school, they have not been so committed to say that English should be that other language necessarily. (p. 248)
The main exception to the PIP’s national and cultural orientation was Ruben del Rosario, who was a fervent critic of the catastrophic version that the English language could have a negative influence in the Puerto Rican Spanish. (p. 249)
Del Rosario’s political and cultural nationalism was expressed in his book Ser puertorriqueño y otros ensayos. (p. 250. Torres González, R. 2002)
(Torres González, R. 2002)
(Torres González, R. 2002)
Cada uno de los partidos políticos (insulares) articula su propio proyecto para adelantar la identidad puertorriqueña, pero todos parten del nacionalismo cultural. Este extraordinario consenso ideológico entre las elites políticas, así como entre los sectores populares, debe sentar las bases para la descolonización definitiva de la Isla en el siglo 21.(p.13)
nacionalidad: la presencia del inglés en Puerto
Rico. San Juan: PR. Editorial de la Universidad
de Puerto Rico
y el sistema de instrucción pública, 1900-1930. Río Piedras:
1953-1971. San Juan PR: Editorial Antillana