The twentieth century
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The Twentieth Century. Modernism. Social Background. The sun never set Social problems: unemployment, sharp contrast between the working class and the middle class and widespread strikes The Great Depression (1929). Modernism. Century of “ isms: Expressionism Dadaism Surrealism

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Social background
Social Background

  • The sun never set

  • Social problems: unemployment, sharp contrast between the working class and the middle class and widespread strikes

  • The Great Depression (1929)


Modernism
Modernism

  • Century of “isms:

    • Expressionism

    • Dadaism

    • Surrealism

    • Futurism

    • Imagism

    • Stream of consciousness

      These “isms” explore different ways of expressing the REALITY of the world.




  • cubism

  • symbolism

  • fauvism

    ….the list goes on and on



Modernism: a movement in art, literature, music and architecture characterized by experimentation with form.Modernism spans 1900--1940.


The modernist writers
the Modernist writers architecture characterized by experimentation with form.

  • discontinuity or fragmentation in the narrative

  • stream of consciousness as a narrative style

  • a highly subjective view of reality

  • a complex web of symbols

  • reliance on myth

  • a mythic, rather than temporal, view of history


Modernism2
Modernism architecture characterized by experimentation with form.

  • Sigmund Freud


Psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysis architecture characterized by experimentation with form.

  • a highly influential method of treating mental disorders, shaped by psychoanalytic theory, which emphasizes unconscious mental processes


Novelists
Novelists architecture characterized by experimentation with form.

  • Joseph Conrad

    --Heart of Darkness

    --Lord Jim

  • E. M. Foster

    -- A Room with a View

    --Howard’s End

    -- A Passage to India

  • James Joyce

    --Dubliners

    -- A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

    -- Ulysses

    -- Finnegans Wake


  • Virginia Woolf architecture characterized by experimentation with form.

    --Mrs. Dalloway

    -- To the Lighthouse

    -- The Waves

  • D.H. Lawrence

    -- Lady Chatterley’s Lover

    -- Sons and Lovers

    -- The Rainbow

    -- Women in Love


Modernist literature
Modernist Literature architecture characterized by experimentation with form.

“Things fall apart,The centre cannot hold,Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world.”

--Yeats, “TheSecond Coming”


Stream of consciousness
stream of consciousness architecture characterized by experimentation with form.

  • The (re)presentation of inner (psychological) reality, including the 'flow' of experience, through devices such as stream of consciousness.

  • The use of such structural approaches to experience as psychoanalysis, myth, the symbolic apprehension and comprehension of reality.


Stream of consciousness1

Stream of Consciousness architecture characterized by experimentation with form.

Definition

“……to describe the unbroken flow of thought and awareness in the waking mind; it has since been adopted to describe a narrative method in modern fiction. Long passages of introspection, describing in some detail what passes through a character’s mind,…”

“… the continuous flow of a character’s mental process, in which sense perceptions mingle with conscious and half-conscious thoughts, memories, expectations, feelings, and random associations. “


T s eliot
T.S. Eliot architecture characterized by experimentation with form.

  • 1888-1965

  • Born in St. Louis, attended Harvard, studied Oxford and Sorbonne

  • Went to England 1914, returned 1932

  • Became a British citizen


Ideas of literature
Ideas of literature architecture characterized by experimentation with form.

  • Developed idea of literary canon

    • Emphasis on tradition in creative writing and criticism

  • Used mythology to provide structure for modern issues addressed in his works

  • Discovered and revived interest in John Donne et al.

    • Named them “metaphysical” poets


Prufrock
Prufrock architecture characterized by experimentation with form.

  • Monologue

  • Poetic speaker

    • Shy with women

    • Building up his courage

  • Imagery

    • Zoomorphism

  • Repetition

  • Allusion


Poets
Poets architecture characterized by experimentation with form.

  • William Butler Yeats

  • Wystan Hugh Auden


Dramatist
Dramatist architecture characterized by experimentation with form.

  • Samuel Barclay Beckett

  • Theatre of the Absurd

  • Waiting for Godot


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