Forerunner: The League of Nations. Established in 1920 under the Treaty of Versailles “to promote international cooperation and to achieve peace and security “ Direct response to the atrocities of the First World War Initiative of President Wilson of the USA (Fourteen Points plan for peace).
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“to promote international cooperation and to achieve peace and security “
Yalta – San Francisco Conference --- April and June 1945
Five permanent members– victors in WWII
Economic and Social Council
International Court of Justice
Ten non-permanent members elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly (with end of term date):
September: opening new (annual) session: general
September- December: work divided over six main
committees and several special commissions
December: end annual session. Votes cast
over proposed resolutions.
December-September: work taken care of by the six
committees; special commissions. When necessary
emergency meetings of the G.A. take place.
conquered nation during WWII
15 judges elected by the General Assembly (with Security Council approval).
The current payment structure for UN Regular Budget dues sets maximum (22%) and minimum (.001%) rates for all nations based on their ability to pay.
The U.S. pays the maximum rate and has negotiated several reductions in this rate over time, most notably from 25% to 22%.
The assessment rate is primarily determined by gross national product (GNP), and since the U.S. has one of the highest in the world, its dues assessments are higher than those of other Member States.
The UN’s peacekeeping budget currently finances 15 peacekeeping missions with more than 120,000 military, police, and civilian personnel deployed in conflict zones throughout the world.
The UN funds its peacekeeping budget with assessments on member states similar to those made for the regular budget, but with greater discounts for poorer nations. The resulting funding deficit is compensated for by the 5 permanent members (P5) of the Security Council—the U.S., United Kingdom, France, Russia, and China.
Under this formula, the U.S. is assessed 27% of the UN’s peacekeeping budget
2008- The US was delinquent $1.6 billion in UN dues. These debt accumulated during several years of non-payment for peacekeeping and regular budgets for which America had voted.