Archetypes
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Archetypes. The Models of Our Entertainment and Philosophies. What is an Archetype?. An original model which other things are similarly patterned after An image, story pattern, character type, representation, or recurring idea Evokes strong associations to the reader or observer.

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Archetypes

Archetypes

The Models of Our Entertainment and Philosophies


What is an archetype

What is an Archetype?

  • An original model which other things are similarly patterned after

  • An image, story pattern, character type, representation, or recurring idea

  • Evokes strong associations to the reader or observer


What should i look for to identify archetypes

What should I look for to identify archetypes?

  • A shared idea with all humanity

  • An inherited part of the human being that connects us all

  • A constant and universal idea

  • Though it may differ from place to place, the concept is worldwide


What kinds of archetypes are there

What kinds of Archetypes are there?

  • There are three main archetypes:

    • Symbolic

    • Character

    • Situational

      …But we will be focusing on Symbolic and Character Archetypes


Symbolic archetypes

Serve as a representation of a specific person, act, deed, place or conflict. They are easily recognizable but not as common as situational archetypes.

The Archetypes Include:

Light vs. Darkness

Water vs. Desert

Heaven vs. Hell

The Magic Weapon

Innate Wisdom vs. Educated Stupidity

Haven vs. Wilderness

Supernatural Intervention

Fire vs. Ice

Symbolic Archetypes


Symbolic archetypes light vs darkness

Symbolic Archetypes:Light vs. Darkness

  • Light suggests hope, renewal, or enlightenment

  • Darkness implies mystery, ignorance, or despair


Light vs darkness example

Light vs. Darkness Example:

The battle of light and darkness will stretch beyond actual light and dark. The good (light) and bad (dark) can be seen through a story’s characters and their actions.


Symbolic archetypes water vs desert

Symbolic Archetypes:Water vs. Desert

  • Water appears as a symbol of fertility and birth

  • Water may symbolize a spiritual birth or the beginning of something. Can also be a cleansing/purging of evil.

  • A Desert typically represents a loss of life, hope, or faith


Water vs desert example

Water vs. Desert Example:

Water brings about hope for new life and spirituality.

A desert might bring about loss of life, faith, or hope.


Symbolic archetypes heaven vs hell

Symbolic Archetypes:Heaven vs. Hell

  • Places not easily accessible by man are regarded as the dwelling places of either the gods or demons

  • The skies, clouds, or mountains house the gods

  • Canyons, caves, and the inner earth play home to the evil forces of the world.


Heaven vs hell example

Heaven vs. Hell Example:

“…and she’s buying the stairway…to heaven!” Typically Heaven is also associated with light and nature.

“Hell’s Bells!" Hell is often associated with fire, demons, evil, and the unknown places of earth.


Symbolic archetypes supernatural intervention

Symbolic Archetypes:Supernatural Intervention

  • God or gods intervene in a given situation

  • The gods will often favor the hero but occasionally they do not. (Poor Odysseus!)

  • This is seen throughout Greek Mythology as well as most practiced religions


Supernatural intervention examples

Supernatural InterventionExamples:

Jesus Christ is woken from sleep and asked to intervene by calming the waters.

In the movie 300, the gods intervened when “Zeus hurled thunderbolts and rain storms as the enemy ships crashed against the rock.”


Symbolic archetypes1

Let’s Review…

Symbolic Archetypes represent a specific person, act, deed, place or conflict.

Symbolic Archetypes Include:

Light vs. Darkness

Water vs. Desert

Heaven vs. Hell

Innate Wisdom vs. Educated Stupidity

Supernatural Intervention

Symbolic Archetypes


Character archetypes

Character Archetypes

  • A person or being that serves as a representative of a greater ideal

  • Characteristics, actions, abilities, or powers contribute to the archetype characterization


Character archetypes1

Character Archetypes include the following:

Unfaithful Wife

Temptress

Star-Crossed Lovers

Damsel In Distress

The Scapegoat

The Devil Figure

The Creature of Nightmares

Friendly Beast

The Hero

Mentor

Young man from the Provinces

The Initiates

Hunting Group of Companions

Loyal Retainers

The Outcast

The Evil Figure with the Ultimately Good Heart

Earthmother

Character Archetypes


Character archetypes the hero

Character Archetypes:The Hero

  • Traditionally the protagonist of a story

  • Often his past is a mystery

  • He is the champion, king, leader, or savior of many

  • Endures pain and sorrow that all lead to a greater good


Character archetypes mentor

Character Archetypes:Mentor

  • Serve as a teacher or counselor to the initiate or future hero

  • Role Model

  • Sometimes a Father or Mother figure

The Karate Kid’s Mr. Miyagi


Character archetypes the initiates

Character Archetypes:The Initiates

  • Young heroes who are called out of a “normal” life and must endure training

  • Must complete some type of quest

  • They are innocent and often wear white

In order to become a Jedi Knight, Luke Skywalker must complete his training (quest).


Character archetypes hunting group of companions

Character Archetypes:Hunting group of companions

  • Loyal to the hero

  • Group willing to face dangers in order to be together

Robin Hood’s Merry Men never abandoned him despite the danger.


Character archetypes earthmother

Character Archetypes:Earthmother

  • Symbolic of abundance, fertility, and knowledge

  • Offers spiritual and emotional advice or nourishment to those she meets

In the film The Matrix, the Oracle gives spiritual advice to Neo in his quest for the truth.


Character archetypes temptress

Character Archetypes:Temptress

  • Sensuous with beauty

  • The hero is physically attracted to her but she will ultimately bring about his downfall

From the X-men comics and movies, Jean Grey and Cyclopes fall in love but she ultimately brings his downfall by turning into the Phoenix and killing him.


Character archetypes damsel in distress

Character Archetypes:Damsel in Distress

  • Vulnerable woman who must be rescued by the hero

  • She is often used as bait to trap the hero

Mary Jane Watson is often being tossed around by villains. Lucky for her Spider-man is her boy-toy!


The diplomat

The Diplomat

  • Able to mediate between different groups and quickly assess the situation

  • Understands both points of view

  • Works to help find the middle ground

  • Symbol of Justice


Character archetypes star crossed lovers

Character Archetypes:Star-Crossed Lovers

  • These two characters are engaged in a love affair

  • Fated to end tragically

  • Society, family, or friends do not approve of the relationship

Romeo and Juliet ultimately pay the price for their love through their tragic death.

Poor Leo! Destiny seems to have it in for him –

sinking ship ring a bell???


Character archetypes loyal retainers

Character Archetypes:Loyal Retainers

  • Heroic qualities but of a lesser degree

  • Similar to a servant but indispensible to the hero

  • Duty: Protect the Hero – no matter what!

Sam from the Lord of The Rings trilogy is the loyal retainer of Frodo.


Character archetypes creature of a nightmare

Character Archetypes:Creature of a Nightmare

  • Monster usually summoned from the deepest, darkest parts of the mind

  • Threatens the life of the hero

  • Often a perverse or desecrate form of human

Summoned from nightmares, Freddy Krueger terrorized teens in the 80’s and 90’s in the Nightmare on Elm Street films!


Character archetypes devil figure

Character Archetypes:Devil Figure

  • Evil Incarnate

  • Offers Worldly Goods

  • Will tempt, cheat, steal, lie, and destroy anyone or anything he comes into contact with! Why? Power!


Let s review character archetypes include the following

Temptress

Star-Crossed Lovers

Damsel In Distress

The Scapegoat

The Devil Figure

The Creature of Nightmares

The Hero

Mentor

The Initiates

Hunting Group of Companions

Loyal Retainers

The Outcast

Earthmother

Let’s Review! Character Archetypes include the following…


In conclusion

In Conclusion…

  • Archetypes are everywhere, but we often just overlook them.

  • They can be found in every book, short story, TV show, or movie. Remember, EVERY story is the SAME story!

  • Archetypes represent ideas larger than themselves!


The end

The End


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