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Archetypes. What is an Archetype?. Basic plot, character, image or idea that recurs in different versions of a story. Ex) wicked stepmother, godmother in fairytales or the heroic quest in a myth, epic, or tragedy. Types of Archetypes. Situational

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what is an archetype
What is an Archetype?

Basic plot, character, image or idea that recurs in different versions of a story.

Ex) wicked stepmother, godmother in fairytales or the heroic quest in a myth, epic, or tragedy.

types of archetypes
Types of Archetypes

Situational

situations that occur over and over in different versions of a story (in all Cinderella stories, the girl is an orphan or stepchild that is mistreated, but saved by a fairy godmother figure)

Symbolic

Symbols that occur over and over in different versions of a story (in all creation stories, a ‘void’ or water is the only thing that exists at first, until creation)

Character

Character types/personalities that occur over and over in different versions of a story (most myths/folktales/fairytales have a good figure that is heroic and an evil figure)

situational archetypes
Situational Archetypes
  • Quest
  • Task
  • Initiation
  • Journey
  • Fall
  • Death and rebirth
  • Nature vs. mechanical
  • Good vs. evil
  • Unhealable wound
  • Ritual
  • Magic weapon
symbolic archetypes
Symbolic Archetypes
  • Light vs darkness
  • Water vs. desert
  • Heaven vs. hells
  • Innate wisdom vs. educated stupidity
  • Haven vs. wilderness
  • Supernatural intervention
  • Fire vs. ice
  • Universe vs. opposites
  • Watery landscape
  • Circle of completion
  • Connection between heaven and earth (tree)
character archetypes
Character Archetypes
  • Hero
  • Mentor
  • Young “country” man
  • Friendly beast
  • Evil figure w/ good heart
  • Loyal sidekick
  • Devil figure
  • Scapegoat
  • Outcast
  • Creature of nightmare
  • Earth mother
  • Temptress
  • Patriotic ideal
  • Unfaithful wife
  • Damsel in distress
  • Star crossed lovers
  • Trickster
  • Wise old man
  • The divine child
  • The initiates
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