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ESPON 1.4.1. The Role of Small and Medium Sized Towns. TRANSNATIONAL PROJECT GROUP. Österreichisches Institut für Raumplanung (ÖIR), Vienna Nordregio , Nordic Centre for Spatial Development, Stockholm NOMISMA S.p.A., Bologna

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ESPON 1.4.1

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ESPON 1.4.1

The Role of Small and Medium Sized Towns


TRANSNATIONAL PROJECT GROUP

  • Österreichisches Institut für Raumplanung (ÖIR), ViennaNordregio, Nordic Centre for Spatial Development, StockholmNOMISMA S.p.A., Bologna

  • Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR), BonnUniversitat de Lleida (UIA-CIMES), LleidaLaboratoire CITERES, University of Tours, ToursPolish Academy of Science, Stanisław Leszczycki Institute ofGeography and Spatial Organization (IGSO), WarsawWest Hungarian Research Institute, Academy of Science (HAS CRS), Győr


OBJECTIVES OF ESPON 1.4.1

(1) Provision of a definition of SMESTO – on European level

(2) Analysis of roles of SMESTO within spatial development

  • geographical context

  • economic performance

  • functions regarding size/accessibility/specialisation

    (3) Proposal of typologies for towns (SMESTO) and regions

    (4) Analysis of specific potentials and challenges

    (5) Outline of a framework for detailed research on SMESTO (preparatory study)


WP 5Further Research Needs,

Policy Options

PROJECT STRUCTURE & METHODS

Methods Applied:

MS-Questionaires

Literature Surveys

Case Study Handbook

Locational

Demographic

Socio-economic

Infrastructure Analysis

WP 1

Definitions

WP 2

Roles/Functions

WP 4

Case Studies

WP 3

Typologies


FRAMEWORK FOR DEFINITIONS OF SMESTO

  • National definitions and description too diverse to serve as a basis (figure)

  • 3 basic approaches used in MS, often combined

    • Morphology

    • Functions

    • Administrative

  • Proposal for 2-step approach for Europe

    • Identification: morphology

    • Characterisation: “Spheres of influence” based on predefined functions

    • Empirically viable?

  • Integration of (types of) territorial context (figure)


FUNCTIONS AND ROLES OF SMESTO

  • Functions and roles of SMESTO determined by

    • regional context,

    • socio-economic fabric of the regions (accessibility, topography, economy…)

  • Furthermore SMESTO as focal point of administrative and social functions (functional, urban, politico-administrative perspective)

  • SMESTO as role model of the “sustainable city”?

     Threat: classifications might turn out either too complex or oversimplifying

Talking about functions and roles – pictures pop-up immediately  from romantic little rural towns to dying single factory towns in remote areas.


NEXT STEPS (due 12/2005 – 03/2006)

  • Case Studies

  • Development of Typologies

    • Integration of findings within 1.4.1

    • Integration of findings of related ESPON projects (policentricity, urban-rural, …)

  • Screening of available ESPON-Data on SMESTO

  • Identification of research gaps

  • Outline for policy options concerning individual types


  • Size of population

  • Economic orientation

  • Regional context

  • Territorial coverage


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