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ESPON 1.4.1. The Role of Small and Medium Sized Towns. TRANSNATIONAL PROJECT GROUP. Österreichisches Institut für Raumplanung (ÖIR), Vienna Nordregio , Nordic Centre for Spatial Development, Stockholm NOMISMA S.p.A., Bologna

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ESPON 1.4.1

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Espon 1 4 1

ESPON 1.4.1

The Role of Small and Medium Sized Towns


Transnational project group

TRANSNATIONAL PROJECT GROUP

  • Österreichisches Institut für Raumplanung (ÖIR), ViennaNordregio, Nordic Centre for Spatial Development, StockholmNOMISMA S.p.A., Bologna

  • Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR), BonnUniversitat de Lleida (UIA-CIMES), LleidaLaboratoire CITERES, University of Tours, ToursPolish Academy of Science, Stanisław Leszczycki Institute ofGeography and Spatial Organization (IGSO), WarsawWest Hungarian Research Institute, Academy of Science (HAS CRS), Győr


Objectives of espon 1 4 1

OBJECTIVES OF ESPON 1.4.1

(1) Provision of a definition of SMESTO – on European level

(2) Analysis of roles of SMESTO within spatial development

  • geographical context

  • economic performance

  • functions regarding size/accessibility/specialisation

    (3) Proposal of typologies for towns (SMESTO) and regions

    (4) Analysis of specific potentials and challenges

    (5) Outline of a framework for detailed research on SMESTO (preparatory study)


Project structure methods

WP 5Further Research Needs,

Policy Options

PROJECT STRUCTURE & METHODS

Methods Applied:

MS-Questionaires

Literature Surveys

Case Study Handbook

Locational

Demographic

Socio-economic

Infrastructure Analysis

WP 1

Definitions

WP 2

Roles/Functions

WP 4

Case Studies

WP 3

Typologies


Framework for definitions of smesto

FRAMEWORK FOR DEFINITIONS OF SMESTO

  • National definitions and description too diverse to serve as a basis (figure)

  • 3 basic approaches used in MS, often combined

    • Morphology

    • Functions

    • Administrative

  • Proposal for 2-step approach for Europe

    • Identification: morphology

    • Characterisation: “Spheres of influence” based on predefined functions

    • Empirically viable?

  • Integration of (types of) territorial context (figure)


Functions and roles of smesto

FUNCTIONS AND ROLES OF SMESTO

  • Functions and roles of SMESTO determined by

    • regional context,

    • socio-economic fabric of the regions (accessibility, topography, economy…)

  • Furthermore SMESTO as focal point of administrative and social functions (functional, urban, politico-administrative perspective)

  • SMESTO as role model of the “sustainable city”?

     Threat: classifications might turn out either too complex or oversimplifying

Talking about functions and roles – pictures pop-up immediately  from romantic little rural towns to dying single factory towns in remote areas.


Next steps due 12 2005 03 2006

NEXT STEPS (due 12/2005 – 03/2006)

  • Case Studies

  • Development of Typologies

    • Integration of findings within 1.4.1

    • Integration of findings of related ESPON projects (policentricity, urban-rural, …)

  • Screening of available ESPON-Data on SMESTO

  • Identification of research gaps

  • Outline for policy options concerning individual types


Espon 1 4 1

  • Size of population

  • Economic orientation

  • Regional context

  • Territorial coverage


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