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ESPON 1.4.1. The Role of Small and Medium Sized Towns. TRANSNATIONAL PROJECT GROUP. Österreichisches Institut für Raumplanung (ÖIR), Vienna Nordregio , Nordic Centre for Spatial Development, Stockholm NOMISMA S.p.A., Bologna

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espon 1 4 1

ESPON 1.4.1

The Role of Small and Medium Sized Towns

transnational project group
TRANSNATIONAL PROJECT GROUP
  • Österreichisches Institut für Raumplanung (ÖIR), ViennaNordregio, Nordic Centre for Spatial Development, StockholmNOMISMA S.p.A., Bologna
  • Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR), BonnUniversitat de Lleida (UIA-CIMES), LleidaLaboratoire CITERES, University of Tours, ToursPolish Academy of Science, Stanisław Leszczycki Institute ofGeography and Spatial Organization (IGSO), WarsawWest Hungarian Research Institute, Academy of Science (HAS CRS), Győr
objectives of espon 1 4 1
OBJECTIVES OF ESPON 1.4.1

(1) Provision of a definition of SMESTO – on European level

(2) Analysis of roles of SMESTO within spatial development

  • geographical context
  • economic performance
  • functions regarding size/accessibility/specialisation

(3) Proposal of typologies for towns (SMESTO) and regions

(4) Analysis of specific potentials and challenges

(5) Outline of a framework for detailed research on SMESTO (preparatory study)

project structure methods

WP 5Further Research Needs,

Policy Options

PROJECT STRUCTURE & METHODS

Methods Applied:

MS-Questionaires

Literature Surveys

Case Study Handbook

Locational

Demographic

Socio-economic

Infrastructure Analysis

WP 1

Definitions

WP 2

Roles/Functions

WP 4

Case Studies

WP 3

Typologies

framework for definitions of smesto
FRAMEWORK FOR DEFINITIONS OF SMESTO
  • National definitions and description too diverse to serve as a basis (figure)
  • 3 basic approaches used in MS, often combined
    • Morphology
    • Functions
    • Administrative
  • Proposal for 2-step approach for Europe
    • Identification: morphology
    • Characterisation: “Spheres of influence” based on predefined functions
    • Empirically viable?
  • Integration of (types of) territorial context (figure)
functions and roles of smesto
FUNCTIONS AND ROLES OF SMESTO
  • Functions and roles of SMESTO determined by
    • regional context,
    • socio-economic fabric of the regions (accessibility, topography, economy…)
  • Furthermore SMESTO as focal point of administrative and social functions (functional, urban, politico-administrative perspective)
  • SMESTO as role model of the “sustainable city”?

 Threat: classifications might turn out either too complex or oversimplifying

Talking about functions and roles – pictures pop-up immediately  from romantic little rural towns to dying single factory towns in remote areas.

next steps due 12 2005 03 2006
NEXT STEPS (due 12/2005 – 03/2006)
  • Case Studies
  • Development of Typologies
    • Integration of findings within 1.4.1
    • Integration of findings of related ESPON projects (policentricity, urban-rural, …)
  • Screening of available ESPON-Data on SMESTO
  • Identification of research gaps
  • Outline for policy options concerning individual types
slide10

Size of population

  • Economic orientation
  • Regional context
  • Territorial coverage
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