Figurative language
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Figurative Language. Figuring it Out (song ). Figurative and Literal Language. Literally : words function exactly as defined The car is blue. He caught the football. Figuratively : figure out what it means I’ve got your back. You’re a doll. Figures of Speech. Simile.

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Figurative Language

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Figurative language

Figurative Language

Figuring it Out

(song)


Figurative and literal language

Figurative and Literal Language

Literally:words function exactly as defined

The car is blue.

He caught the football.

Figuratively: figure out what it means

I’ve got your back.

You’re a doll.

Figures of Speech


Simile

Simile

Comparison of two things using “like” or “as.”

Examples: The metal twisted like a ribbon. She is sweet as candy.

Using “like” or “as” doesn’t make a simile.

A comparison must be made.

Not a Simile:I like pizza.

Simile:The moon is like a pizza


Simile example

Simile Example

Flint

An emerald is as green as grass,

A ruby red as blood;

A sapphire shines as blue as heaven;

A flint lies in the mud.

A diamond is a brilliant stone,

To catch the world’s desire;

An opal holds a fiery spark;

But a flint holds fire.

By Christina Rosetti


Metaphor

Metaphor

Two things are compared without using “like” or “as.”

Examples

All the world is a stage.

Men are dogs.

She has a stone heart.


Metaphor example

Metaphor Example

The Night is a Big Black Cat

The Night is a big black cat

The moon is her topaz eye,

The stars are the mice she hunts at night,

In the field of the sultry sky.

By G. Orr Clark


Personification

Personification

Onomatopoeia

Words that represent the actual sound of something are words of onomatopoeia.

Examples

Dogs “bark,” cats “purr,” thunder “booms,” rain “drips,” and the clock “ticks.”

Appeals to the sense of sound.

Giving human traits to objects or ideas.

Examples

The sunlight danced.

Water on the lake shivers.

The streets are calling me.


Onomatopoeia example

Onomatopoeia Example

Listen

Scrunch, scrunch, scrunch.

Crunch, crunch, crunch.

Frozen snow and brittle ice

Make a winter sound that’s nice

Underneath my stamping feet

And the cars along the street.

Scrunch, scrunch, scrunch.

Crunch, crunch, crunch.

by Margaret Hillert


Personification example

Personification Example

From “Mister Sun”

Mister Sun

Wakes up at dawn,

Puts his golden

Slippers on,

Climbs the summer

Sky at noon,

Trading places

With the moon.

by J. Patrick Lewis


Hyperbole

Hyperbole

Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect.

Examples:

  • I will love you forever.

  • My house is a million miles from here.

  • She’d kill me.

  • Yo dog is so ugly that her shadow ran away from her.

  • Yo dog is so dirty that when she tried to take a bath, the water jumped out and said “I’ll wait.”


Understatement

Understatement

Expression with less strength than expected.

The opposite of hyperbole.

I’ll be there in one second.

This won’t hurt a bit.


Alliteration

Alliteration

The repetition of the first consonant sound in words, as in the nursery rhyme “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.”

This Tooth

I jiggled it

jaggled it

jerked it.

I pushed

and pulled

and poked it.

But –

As soon as I stopped,

And left it alone

This tooth came out

On its very own!

by Lee Bennett Hopkins


Idioms

Idioms

Expressions that don’t mean what exactly what they say.

.

Its raining cats and dogs outside.


Figurative language

Quiz

On a separate sheet of paper…

  • I will put an example of figurative language on the board.

  • You will write whether it is an simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, or understatement.

  • You can use your notes.


Figurative language

1

He drew a line as straight as an arrow.


Figurative language

2

Knowledge is a kingdom and all who learn are kings and queens.


Figurative language

3

Can I see you for a second?


Figurative language

4

The sun was beating down on me.


Figurative language

5

A flag wags like a fishhook there in the sky.


Figurative language

6

I'd rather take bathswith a man-eating shark,or wrestle a lionalone in the dark,eat spinach and liver,pet ten porcupines,than tackle the homework,my teacher assigns.


Figurative language

7

Ravenous and savagefrom its longpolar journey,the North Windis searchingfor food—


Figurative language

8

The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants.


Figurative language

9

Can I have one of your chips?


Figurative language

10

I'm a black ocean, leaping and wide,Welling and swelling I bear

in the tide.Leaving behind nights of terror and fearI rise


Answers

Answers

  • Simile

  • Metaphor

  • Understatement

  • Personification

  • Simile

  • Hyperbole

  • Personification

  • Metaphor

  • Understatement

  • Metaphor


Figurative language

Tom is seven years old. He loves to pretend he is an Indian in the woods. When Tom is sneaking through the woods he knows he has to be as quiet as a mouse. Otherwise, the cowboys might hear him! Tom's sister, Jane can't pretend to be an Indian sneaking through the woods because she is loud as a train coming through the woods. Sometimes Tom will as Jane to be the "cowboy", but not very often because she is like a regular Annie Oakley with the slingshot! Tom knows this because the last time Jane got Tom with the slingshot he jumped like a scalded cat. Now, when Tom and Jane play cowboys and Indians, their mom watches them like an owl because she is afraid someone is going to get hurt! Tom doesn't mind because his mom's heart is soft as butter and she just doesn't want to see her children get hurt, even if they are as tough as nails!


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