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Five-Minute Check (over Chapter 11)

CCSS

Then/Now

New Vocabulary

Key Concept: Trigonometric Functions in Right Triangles

Example 1: Evaluate Trigonometric Functions

Example 2: Find Trigonometric Ratios

Key Concept: Trigonometric Values for Special Angles

Example 3: Find a Missing Side Length

Example 4: Find a Missing Side Length

Key Concept: Inverse Trigonometric Ratios

Example 5: Find a Missing Angle Measure

Example 6: Use Angles of Elevation and Depression

Lesson MenuWhen a triangle is a right triangle, one of its angles measures 90°. Does this show correlation or causation? Explain.

A. Causation; a triangle must have a 90° angle to be a right triangle.

B. Causation; a triangle’s angles must add to 180°.

C. Correlation; a triangle must have a 90° angle to be a right triangle.

D. Correlation; a triangle’s angles must add to 180°.

5-Minute Check 1A. measures 90

B.

C.

D.

From a box containing 8 blue pencils and 6 red pencils, 4 pencils are drawn and not replaced. What is the probability that all four pencils are the same color?

5-Minute Check 2Test the null hypothesis for measures 90H0 = 82, h1 > 82, n = 150, x = 83.1, and = 2.1.

_

A. accept

B. reject

5-Minute Check 3A. measures 90

B.

C.

D.

Jenny makes 60% of her foul shots. If she takes 5 shots in a game, what is the probability that she will make fewer than 4 foul shots?

5-Minute Check 4You used the Pythagorean Theorem to find side lengths of right triangles.

- Find values of trigonometric functions for acute angles.

- Use trigonometric functions to find side lengths and angle measures of right triangles.

- trigonometry right triangles.
- trigonometric ratio
- trigonometric function
- sine
- cosine
- tangent
- cosecant
- secant

- cotangent
- reciprocal functions
- inverse sine
- inverse cosine
- inverse tangent
- angle of elevation
- angle of depression

Concept right triangles.

For this triangle, the leg opposite right triangles.G is HF and the leg adjacent to G is GH. The hypotenuse is GF.

Evaluate Trigonometric Functions

Find the values of the six trigonometric functions for angle G.

Use opp = 24, adj = 32, and hyp = 40 to write each trigonometric ratio.

Example 1Evaluate Trigonometric Functions right triangles.

Example 1A. B. right triangles.

C.D.

Find the value of the six trigonometric functions for angle A.

Example 1In a right triangle, right triangles.A is acute and . Find the value of csc A.

Step 1

Draw a right triangle and label

one acute angle A. Since

and , label the opposite

leg 5 and the adjacent leg 3.

Find Trigonometric Ratios

Example 2Find Trigonometric Ratios right triangles.

Step 2

Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find c.

a2 + b2 = c2 Pythagorean Theorem

32 + 52 = c2 Replace a with 3 and b with 5.

34 = c2 Simplify.

Take the square root of each side. Length cannot be negative.

Example 2Replace right triangles.hyp with and opp with 5.

Answer:

Find Trigonometric Ratios

Step 3

Now find csc A.

Cosecant ratio

Example 2Concept right triangles.

Find a Missing Side Length right triangles.

Use a trigonometric function to find the value of x. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.

The measure of the hypotenuse is 12. The side with the missing length is opposite the angle measuring 60. The trigonometric function relating the opposite side of a right triangle and the hypotenuse is the sine function.

Example 3x right triangles. =

Find a Missing Side Length

Sine ratio

Replace with 60°, opp with x, and hyp with 12.

Multiply each side by 12.

10.4 ≈ x

Use a calculator.

Answer:

Example 3A. right triangles.

B.

C.

D.

Write an equation involving sin, cos, or tan that can be used to find the value of x. Then solve the equation. Round to the nearest tenth.

Example 3Find a Missing Side Length right triangles.

BUILDINGSTo calculate the height of a building, Joel walked 200 feet from the base of the building and used an inclinometer to measure the angle from his eye to the top of the building. If Joel’s eye level is at 6 feet, what is the distance from the top of the building to Joel’s eye?

Example 4Replace right triangles. with 76°, adj with 200, and hyp with d.

Solve for d.

Find a Missing Side Length

Cosine function

Use a calculator.

Answer: The distance from the top of the building to Joel’s eye is about 827 feet.

Example 4TREES right triangles. To calculate the height of a tree in his front yard, Anand walked 50 feet from the base of the tree and used an inclinometer to measure the angle from his eye to the top of the tree, which was 62°. If Anand’s eye level is at 6 feet, about how tall is the tree?

A. 43 ft

B. 81 ft

C. 87 ft

D. 100 ft

Example 4Concept right triangles.

Find a Missing Angle Measure right triangles.

A. Find the measure of A. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.

You know the measures of the sides. You need to find mA.

Inverse sine

Example 5Find a Missing Angle Measure right triangles.

Use a calculator.

Answer: Therefore, mA≈ 32°.

Example 5Inverse cosine right triangles.

Use a calculator.

Find a Missing Angle Measure

B. Find the measure of B. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.

Use the cosine function.

Answer: Therefore, mB ≈ 58º.

Example 5A. right triangles. Find the measure of A.

A.mA = 72º

B.mA = 80º

C.mA = 30º

D.mA = 55º

Example 5B. right triangles. Find the measure of B.

A.mB = 18º

B.mB = 10º

C.mB = 60º

D.mB = 35º

Example 5Use Angles of Elevation and Depression right triangles.

A. GOLF A golfer is standing at the tee, looking up to the green on a hill. The tee is 36 yards lower than the green and the angle of elevation from the tee to the hole is 12°. From a camera in a blimp, the apparent distance between the golfer and the hole is the horizontal distance. Find the horizontal distance.

Example 6tan right triangles.

Use Angles of Elevation and Depression

Write an equation using a trigonometric function that involves the ratio of the vertical rise (side opposite the 12° angle) and the horizontal distance from the tee to the hole (adjacent).

Multiply each side by x.

Divide each side by tan 12°.

Simplify.

x≈ 169.4

Answer: So, the horizontal distance from the tee to the green as seen from a camera in a blimp is about 169.4 yards.

Example 6Use Angles of Elevation and Depression right triangles.

B. ROLLER COASTER The hill of the roller coaster has an angle of descent, or an angle of depression, of 60°. Its vertical drop is 195 feet. From a blimp, the apparent distance traveled by the roller coaster is the horizontal distance from the top of the hill to the bottom. Find the horizontal distance.

Example 6tan right triangles.

Use Angles of Elevation and Depression

Write an equation using a trigonometric function that involves the ratio of the vertical drop (side opposite the 60° angle) and the horizontal distance traveled (adjacent).

Multiply each side by x.

Divide each side by tan 60°.

x≈ 112.6

Simplify.

Answer: So, the horizontal distance of the hill is about 112.6 feet.

Example 6A. BASEBALL right triangles.Mario hits a line drive home run from 3 feet in the air to a height of 125 feet, where it strikes a billboard in the outfield. If the angle of elevation of the hit was 22°, what is the horizontal distance from home plate to the billboard?

A. 295 ft

B. 302 ft

C. 309 ft

D. 320 ft

Example 6B. KITES right triangles.Angelina is flying a kite in the wind with a string with a length of 60 feet. If the angle of elevation of the kite string is 55°, then how high is the kite in the air?

A. 34 ft

B. 49 ft

C. 73 ft

D. 85 ft

Example 6End of the Lesson right triangles.

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