2. PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP)- PPP LANDSCAPE IN INDIA. Public-Private Partnership (PPP)- how to use the strength of both the parties. Growth rate of PPP projects by value in the last three years is 104%More than 300 PPP deal*- Roads
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1. PPP PROJECT FINANCING – CHALLENGES AND OPTIONS Dr. S.D. Nanda
Associate Vice President
India Infrastructure Finance Company Ltd.
26th February 2009
3. 3 Advantages of PPP Rigorous risk appraisal and optimum allocation.
Robust and dynamic structure;
Government in an enabler role;
Government ownership is high;
Governance structure ensures consumer and public interests are safeguarded;
Commercial interest protected;
Allocation of risks to parties that are well equipped to deal with them;
Transparent and well-conceived contracts;
Documentation recognizes rights and responsibilities of all project-related parties;
Concerns of all stakeholders addressed- involves participation of a large number of institutions: government, politicians, banks, financial institutions, investors, contractors, consumers, NGOs, etc.
4. 4 GENERAL CHALLENGES RELATING TO PPP Lack of viable PPP projects
- Structuring credible and bankable projects as first priority.
- Need for Project Development Facility (PDF)
- Absence of PPP pipeline
No Regulators in Infrastructure except Power.
Transparency during the entire PPP Project cycle is a key factor for success of PPP
- Customized procedure with clarity of fundamental steps lacking
Rating of Infrastructure Project- lack of history of Project Company
Lack of proper consultation with stakeholders-
- Land Acquisition
- Environmental and Rehabilitation issues
Monitoring of implementation of PPP-
- Construction Period
- Operation Period
Public benefit at what cost- Issue of Tariff
5. 5 SPECIFIC ISSUES RELATING TO PPP At Statutory Authority
- Proper Designing & Development of EOI, RFP and Concession Agreement
- Pre-fix the role of each party
- Single window for all approvals – is still missing
- Fewer players
- Delay in bringing Equity
- Cost overrun in the Project.
- Again fewer players
- Crucial Role for developing term sheet balancing the interest of all parties
- What is its stake
At Lenders- Fourth Level of Appraisal
- Commercial banks have been primary movers
- Asset-liability mismatch for Bankers
- Underdeveloped corporate bond market
- Shell Company
- actual arranger/ implementer of Project.
At EPC Contractors
- Right expertise, manpower & machinery for implementation of the contract - is sometimes missing.
- Lack of transparency in its working.
6. 6 GOVT. MEASURES Guidelines by the Govt. for PPP Projects.
PPP Appraisal Committee established as the nodal forum in Planning Commission.
Hiring consultants through a panel of Transaction Advisors.
Standardization of contractual documents & Model Concession Agreements (MCAs)- Roads, Port Sectors.
Opening up of more sectors for private & foreign investment.
Launching Viability Gap Funding (VGF).
Setting up of IIFCL.
7. 7 INDIA INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE COMPANY LTD. (IIFCL) IIFCL gives overriding priority to PPP that are implemented by private sector that are selected through competitive bidding
IIFCL raises Funds from external and domestic markets.
As part of the first fiscal stimulus package, IIFCL has been allowed to raise Rs10,000 crore by way of tax free bonds
Out of these, the company has already raised Rs7369 crore in the first trache through a private placement issue. The second trache for Rs 2631 (approx) through private placement issue is open for subscription.
As part of another major initiative, the GoI, has approved the refinance scheme of IIFCL, whereby IIFCL plans to raise Rs 30, 000 crore in the next financial year. The funds so raised are planned to be used to provide refinance to the Banks to augment their liquidity condition.
The refinance facility by IIFCL is aimed at mitigating asset liability mismatch of banks while lending to infrastructure sector
8. 8 WHAT IIFCL HAS DONE SO FAR
Setting up Subsidiary at UK
Participation in Special Funds- PMDO, IIIF
DMIC- Western Corridor- pass through Loan from JBIC
MOUs with 28 banks/ FIs for backward & forward linkages – for Project Development, Syndications, Debt, Equity.
Refinance Scheme for Banks.
INDIA INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE COMPANY LTD. - INITIATIVES
10. 10 WAY AHEAD At Statutory Authority Level-
Document the role, responsibilities, risks & rewards for each party.
Consultation with stakeholders
Transparency in its working.
Model Concession Agreement to be developed for all infrastructure sectors
At Sponsor Level
To bring /arrange the committed equity timely
Have financial strength to meet cost overrun without recourse to lenders.
Limited recourse till COD.
Rating of Sponsors.
At SPV Level
No data is available for rating.
Allotment of the contracts for EPC/ Sub EPC Contract as per the procurement guidelines
Require transparency in its working- viz-a-viz EPC Contractor/ Sponsor..
11. 11 At Syndicator Level
Term Sheet should be just and reasonable with practical approach for timely implementation of project including Environmental & Rehabilitation issues, Procurement issues, etc.
Rate of Interest, its Reset & Tenure of loan should be reasonable.
Let Syndicator be lender also
At Lead Bank Level
Proper appraisal of the Sanction& Disbursement ( Disbursement v/s Milestones achieved)
Proper monitoring of Escrow Account
Monitoring of implementation of project- Overdependence on LIE, LLC & LII- may be reduced
Proper Coordination and meaning participation with other lenders/ investors.
12. 12 At Lender’s Level-
Reduce overdependence for sanction, disbursement and Monitoring on Syndicator, Lead Bank and independent consultants.
Develop system for Monitoring of project viz-a-viz milestone defined in Concession Agreement
Site visits - High risk till COD.
Manage Asset Liability Mismatch by
Internal Generations/ Deposits/ investment.
Refinance from IIFCL.
13. 13 WAY AHEAD
14. 14 WAY AHEAD At State Government Level
- to develop guidelines by the Govt. for PPP for the state projects.
- to develop the policy for acquisition of land, e.g. Gujarat.
- to create awareness of govt policies on PPP amongst stakeholders.
- To organise events for developing platforms for discussions and giving opportunity for private investment and FDI e.g vibrant Gujarat.
- to develop pipeline/ shelf of PPP Projects- creating awareness, advertisement,
- To develop single window for approvals in time bound manner for PPP Projects.
- To develop International Financial centre- off shore entity as source of wealth for host state/ country.
- To develop innovative solutions
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