Epidemiologic transition changes of fertility and mortality with modernization
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 36

Epidemiologic Transition: Changes of fertility and mortality with modernization PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 152 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Epidemiologic Transition: Changes of fertility and mortality with modernization. Abdel Omran The Epidemiologic Transition: A Theory of the epidemiology of population change. Milbank Quarterly. 1971;49:509-538. Abdel Omran Evolution of Disease. Charles Darwin Evolution of Species.

Download Presentation

Epidemiologic Transition: Changes of fertility and mortality with modernization

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Epidemiologic transition changes of fertility and mortality with modernization

Epidemiologic Transition:Changes of fertility and mortality with modernization

Abdel Omran

The Epidemiologic Transition: A Theory of the epidemiology of population change. Milbank Quarterly. 1971;49:509-538


Epidemiologic transition changes of fertility and mortality with modernization

Abdel Omran

Evolution of Disease

Charles Darwin

Evolution of Species


The new ncd epidemiology and prevention

The New NCD Epidemiology and Prevention

  • Systems approach

  • Disease Monitoring

  • Telecommunications Backbone

  • Deming approaches to Prevention


Epidemiology

Epidemiology

  • Psychiatric Epidemiologists

  • Diabetes Epidemiology

  • Cardiovascular Epidemiology

  • Cancer Epidemiology

  • Infectious Disease Epidemiology


Instead at looking at individual diseases we need to look at the patterns of diseases

Instead at looking at individual diseases, we need to look at the patterns of diseases


Mortality is the fundamental factor in the dynamics of population growth and causes of death

Mortality is the fundamental factor in the dynamics of population growth and causes of death.

Mortality has no fixed upper limits. Thus if fertility approached its upper maximum, depopulation would still occur.


Epidemiologic transition changes of fertility and mortality with modernization

During the epidemiologic transition, a long-term shift occurs in mortality and disease patterns whereby pandemics of infection are replaced by degenerative and man-made diseases...


Age of pestilence and famine

Age of Pestilence and Famine

Characterized by high mortality rates, wide swings in the mortality rate, little population growth and very low life expectancy


Age of receding pandemics

Age of Receding Pandemics

Epidemics become less frequent, infectious diseases in general become less frequent, a slow rise in degenerative diseases begin to appear


Epidemiologic transition changes of fertility and mortality with modernization

The shifts in disease patterns in the 19th century were primarily related to changing SES.With the 20th Century more related with disease control activities independent of SES:e.g. Mexico, China


Stages of the epidemiologic transition

Stages of the Epidemiologic Transition

  • Pestilence and Famine

  • Receding Pandemics

  • Degenerative and man-made diseases


Epidemiologic transition in developing and developed countries

Epidemiologic Transition in Developing and DevelopedCountries


Epidemiologic transition changes of fertility and mortality with modernization

14 years

35 years


Epidemiologic transition changes of fertility and mortality with modernization

Increasing Life Expectancy and

Causes of Death

100

Other

80

60

Violence

CHD

40

CA

20

Infection

0

40

44

48

52

56

60

64

68

72

76

Population Life Expectancy


  • Login