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Presentation of Vert l’Horizon at the Indian Institute of technology Delhi. Julien Peyrard Mickaël Edon. 28 January 2014. Who are we ?. What is Vert l’Horizon ?.

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Presentation of vert l horizon at the indian institute of technology delhi

Presentation of Vertl’Horizon at the Indian Institute of technology Delhi

JulienPeyrard

MickaëlEdon

28 January 2014


Who are we
Who are we ?

http://vertlhorizon.com


What is vert l horizon
What is Vertl’Horizon ?

Vertl’horizon(“Towards a green horizon” in English) is a biking journey around the world in order to discoverer our sustainable future in the domain of environment and energy.

Numbers

1-year journey

2 best friends

26 countries

70 km per cycling day

100s of people to meet

767 points of interest mapped

15’000 km cycled (approx.)

http://vertlhorizon.com


Our itinerary
Our itinerary

http://vertlhorizon.com


Our mission
Our mission

  • Discovering local projects

  • Alerting about endangered regions

  • Accomplishing a physical challenge

  • Meeting new people

  • Experiencing new cultures

  • Climbing 3 symbolicsummits

  • Managing a complexproject

  • Sharingourlearnings (book, conferences, …)

http://vertlhorizon.com


Our vision
Our vision

  • Majorchallenge of the 21st century

  • Transgression of planetaryboundaries

  • Change of mindsetisneeded

  • Overcomepolitical and social barriers

  • Getinspiredby local initiatives

http://vertlhorizon.com


Our carbon offsetting
Our carbon offsetting

  • Offsetting GHG duetoplanetravels

  • 20.66 tons of CO2 equivalent in total

  • Flexiway Solar Solutions

  • Solar Muscle: Solar LED lightsreplacing kerosene lamps

  • 1 light willsave 0.3 tons of CO2 eq.

  • 69 lightsneeded

http://vertlhorizon.com


What we have learned green school in bali
What we have learned:Green School in Bali

  • High qualityinternationalteaching

  • Effortsforintegrationwithlocals

  • Effortsforsustainability: bamboobuildings, PV, …

  • Foster interesttosustainabilitybyeducation

  • See TED conference of John Hardy

http://vertlhorizon.com


What we have learned cdm project on composting
What we have learned:CDM project on composting

  • Clean Development Mechanism projects (as per Kyoto Protocol) provides Carbon Credit that can be traded.

  • David Krüpper, project initiator, explains us:

    • Organic waste recycled into compost

    • Prevent methane creation in landfills (strong GHG)

    • Difficult financial situation & complex bureaucracy

http://vertlhorizon.com


What we have learned newater
What we have learned:NEWater

  • Water scarcity in Singapore: 4 taps

  • Publiccampaignsforsavingwater

  • Spearhead of wastewaterrecycledtodrinkingwater

  • 3 steps: microfiltration, reverse osmosis, UV desinfection

  • Ultra purewater: usedmainlyforindustry

http://vertlhorizon.com


What we have learned singapore e nergy outlook
What we have learned:Singapore energy outlook

  • Meeting with Ho HiangKwee, Researcher for the government

  • 80% of electricityfromgas (expensivebutcleaner)

  • StrongpotentialforSolar PV (10% of production)

  • Levellizedcost of PV nearlycompetitivewithretailcost

  • Strongeffortsontransportation:

    • Publictransportsverywelldevelopped

    • Hugetaxesonprivate cars, bonus-malussystem, citytoll, need of specificcertificate

  • Objective of 80% of Green Buildingsby 2030

http://vertlhorizon.com


What we have learned malaysia and sustainability
What we have learned:Malaysia and sustainability

  • Meeting withLuqmanChuah, Professor and Deputy Dean from the Universiti Putra Malaysia

  • 60% of electricity comes fromgas-petrol

  • Big gas-petrol reserve in Malaysia. Big subsidiesto fossil fuel and public opposition when decreased

  • Beside hydro, main source of renewable: biomass, used in small-scale power plant

  • 40% emissionreductionby 2020 willnot be attained

  • Lucrative palm oil industries caused deforestation

    of 60% of Borneo and Sumatra: externalities should

    be included in final cost

http://vertlhorizon.com


What we have learned thailand
What we have learned:Thailand

  • Meeting withDoctor SopitsudaTongsopit, from the Energy Research Institude, Bangkok

  • 68% of electricity from gas. Developpinghydro in neighbouring Laos

  • Alternative Energy Development Plan to reach a 25% of renewable energy consumption by 2021

  • Attractive pricing structure for renewables (feed-in tariffs)

  • Futuredevelopments of biomass (from

    agriculturalresidues), biogas, solar and

    wind (2GW proposedprojects)

http://vertlhorizon.com


What we have learned china
What we have learned:China

  • MeetingswithShuChen, Vice Director of the SWUST and withDrJingXu, Professor at the SWUEF.

  • Greatestenergyconsumer(mainlycoal) and mainGHG emitter

  • Complicatedto set up anenvironmentallegislation and enforceit(resistance, corruption, bureaucracy, …)

  • Importantair pollutionproblems in allthebigcities. Obligationforpowerplantstoinstalfilterfor SO2.

  • E-waste: verypollutingindustry. Legislationforbidding «wild» retreatment. Innovationsfor

    recycling (usingwasteheat).

  • PV waste: no solutionyet. Startingto be

    investigated

http://vertlhorizon.com


What we have learned nepal
What we have learned:Nepal

  • Meeting with Mr. Gurung, CEO of Wind Power Nepal and Mr. Adikhari, National advisor of AEPC

  • Electricity scarcity (20% of household connected. Up to 18 hours / day of shortage).

  • Big potential of RET: 2nd water ressources in the world. 300 days of sun.

  • Lack of governmental stability and commitment. Lack of long-term view prevent development of renewables.

  • Cooking is 80% of primary energy demand.

  • Programme for clean cooking stove

    launched in 2013

http://vertlhorizon.com


Further readings
Furtherreadings

  • Fifth assessment report, from the IPCC: http://www.climatechange2013.org/images/uploads/WGI_AR5_SPM_brochure.pdf

  • On the German energy transition: http://energytransition.de/wp-content/themes/boell/pdf/en/German-Energy-Transition_en.pdf

  • A Renewable energy roadmap, from IRENA: http://irena.org/remap/REmap%20Summary%20final_webdisplay%20no%20links.pdf

  • Accelerating the transition to Clean Energy Technologies: http://www.cleanenergyministerial.org/

  • What is resilience: http://www.stockholmresilience.org/download/18.2f48c3c31429b6ad0a61cde/1388130768344/SRC_whatisresilience__sida.pdf

http://vertlhorizon.com


About cycling
About cycling

  • More than 4000 km cycled so far, at the average speed of 15-20 km/h

  • Between 70 and 140 km on a cycling day

  • 20 kg bicycle + 20 kg stuff + 5 L of water

  • Full autonomy (tent, stove, water filter, …)

  • 120 Liters capacity per bicycle

  • Equipped for very hot, very cold (-20 deg C) and humid climates.

  • Use of good components: not a single flat tyre so far! Use of a Rohloff gearbox (14 speeds)

http://vertlhorizon.com


The beast
The beast

http://vertlhorizon.com


Bicycle transportation of the future
Bicycle, transportation of the future !

“Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance you must keep moving”, Albert Einstein.

The bike is great for health, for the mind, for the environment, and for the fun !

Best fuel efficiency (kWh/100km/pax) of the bike: 8,4 times better than an efficient car.

How fast do you REALLY drive your car?

Speed = distance / (time spend to drive it + time spent to pay for it (cost of the car, gas, insurance, …)) = 6 km/haccording to an American study.

http://vertlhorizon.com


Travel diary indonesia
Travel diary, Indonesia

Bali as seen from Mt Rinjani (3726 m)

Our first hosts, Refi and Hannah

Blue flames of KawahIjen

Prambanan Hindu temple

http://vertlhorizon.com


Travel diary singapore
Travel diary, Singapore

Singapore by night

Singapore by… day

Couchsurfing meeting

A green city

http://vertlhorizon.com


Travel diary malaysia
Travel diary, Malaysia

Meeting locals

Putra Jaya, administrative capital

Beautiful mosque

Trying sarung

http://vertlhorizon.com


Travel diary thailand
Travel diary, Thailand

In the South

Ton Sai bay, rock climbing site

Buddhist temple

Looking at the horizon

http://vertlhorizon.com


Travel diary cambodia
Travel diary, Cambodia

Towards Siem Reap

World Heritage, Angkor temples

Teaming-up

Phnom Penh, royal palace

http://vertlhorizon.com


Travel diary vietnam
Travel diary, Vietnam

Typical hat

The road kings (…)

Trails, our favorite terrain

Ha Long bay

http://vertlhorizon.com


Travel diary china
Travel diary, China

Fighting winter in Yunnan

A geologist In the Wen Shu temple

Unusual faces…

On the radio

http://vertlhorizon.com


Travel diary nepal
Travel diary, Nepal

Pushkar Shah (Nepalese legend)

“Tour de Gorkha, our history, our pride”

DhaulaGiri and Annapurna

Cycling on crazy/beautiful roads

http://vertlhorizon.com


Travel diary india
Travel diary, India

Crossing an unusual vehicle

Crossing Ghagra river

MautKaKuaa (crazy)

Varanasi

http://vertlhorizon.com


Thanks
Thanks

Thank you Professor MukeshKhare for your kind invitation;

Thank you all for listening;

You can follow us on our website !

http://vertlhorizon.com


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