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Positive parenting. Implications for mother and fathers in risk of social exclusion. Mona Sandbaek Senior Researcher NOVA/HiO Oslo. Madrid, 14 & 15 December 2010. The Council of Europe. Parenting in contemporary Europe. A positive approach. Introduction. Mary Daly (editor)

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Positive parenting implications for mother and fathers in risk of social exclusion

Positive parenting. Implications for mother and fathers in risk of social exclusion

Mona Sandbaek

Senior Researcher NOVA/HiO

Oslo

Madrid, 14 & 15 December 2010


The Council of Europe risk of social exclusion


Parenting in contemporary europe a positive approach
Parenting in contemporary Europe. A positive approach risk of social exclusion

Introduction. Mary Daly (editor)

Towards a vision of parenting in the best interest of the child. N. Pecnik

A non-violent upbringing of children. S. Janson

Services to support positive parentingM. Sandbaek

Support for parenting of children at risk of social exclusion. A.Abela & G. Berlioz

Parenting-an element in drug prevention. M.B.Sæther


Recommendation 2006 19 on policy to support positive parenting
Recommendation (2006) 19 on policy to support positive parenting

  • Keys for parents

  • Guidelines for professionals


Main points
Main points parenting

  • Parenting in the light of new knowledge and the UN convention on the Rights of the Child

  • Guidelines for a non-violent upbringing

  • Policies to support parental practices in accordance with the UNCRC

  • Implications for mothers and fathers in risk of social exclusion


The concept in the best interest of the child
The concept parenting“in the best interest of the child”

Parental guidance should respect

- the evolving capacities of the child,

- the views of the child,

- the right to be free from violence, neglect and humiliatingpunishment

Parents should secure children’s living conditions /if necessary with state support


The content of positive parenting
The content of positive parenting parenting

  • Creating good relationships, structures and routines, attitudes and values

  • Providing children with nurture, structure, recognition and empowerment

  • Exercise assertive but non-violent discipline


Key concepts
Key concepts parenting

  • NURTURE(warmth, acceptance, involvement, support,...)

  • STRUCTURE(guidance,standards, limits and reasons...)

  • RECOGNITION(acknowledge child’s experience and views)

  • EMPOWERMENT(enhance the evolving capacities of the child and its increasing sense of autonomy)


Authoritative parenting
Authoritative parenting parenting

  • Warm and involved

  • Consistent in establishing and enforcing guidelines, limits and developmentally appropriate expectations

  • Allowing and promoting autononomous behaviour and decision making


Children s views on positive parenting
Children’s views on positive parenting parenting

Consultation with 22 young people (13-18) and their parents – from 19 countries. (2005)

Different views also among children

They presented their views to the Conference for European Family Ministers 2006


Content of positive parenting according to children
Content of positive parenting according to children parenting

  • The importance of being loved and cared for

  • A cultural climate of mutual understanding

  • They accepted and requested parental guidance and boundaries, but in a non-violent way (CoE 2007: Views on positive parenting and non-violent upbringing).


Physical harm violation of human rights
Physical harm parentingViolation of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration on Human Rights of 1948

The European Social Charter, art 17,and the revised Social Charter 2001

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

National legislation


The risk of a violent upbringing
The Risk of a Violent Upbringing parenting

Biological Consequences of Violence

Psychological and Social Consequencesof Violence

Promote children’s external attributions/causes aggression, delinquency and antisocial behaviour/close link between corporal punishment and physical abuse


Seven practices of discipline that promote the child s dignity
Seven Practices of Discipline parentingthat Promote the Child’s Dignity

Respect of the child’s dignity

Develop pro-social behaviour, self discipline and character

Maximise the child’s active participation

Respect the child’s developmental needs and quality of life

Respect the child’s motivation and views

Assure fairness and transformative justice

Promote solidarity (S.Janson 2007)


Strategies to help children learn positive behaviours
Strategies to Help Children learn Positive Behaviours parenting

Providing regular positive attention and communicate this to children of all ages

Listening carefully to children and helping them to express their feelings

Helping children to learn how to evaluate the potential consequences of choices

Reinforcing desirable behaviours with praise and ignoring trivial misdeeds


Continuing
Continuing parenting

  • Modelling orderly, predictable behaviour, respectful communication, and collaborative conflict resolution strategies


Measures needed to support parents
Measures needed to support parents parenting

  • ENSURING UNIVERSAL RIGHTS TO MATERIAL SUPPORT;

    - Public transfers and taxation

    - Regulations for reconciling work and family life

    - Childcare facilities

  • ENSURING ACCESS TO DIVERSE SERVICES- Continuum; informal, semi-formal and form


Main trends in services for families and children
Main Trends in Services parentingfor Families and Children

  • Local centres, closer to people

  • Educational programmes for parents and children

  • Services and programmes targeting populations at risk

  • Child protection services

  • Institutions protecting children’s rights


Values to include parents and children
Values to include parents and children parenting

Non-judgmental and non-stigmatising orientation

A bottom-up approach

Treating parents and children as partners

Multi-focused and flexible services

Integrated, community based services

Inclusive of the experience of minority and ethnic groups


Children s living conditions the importance of family finances
Children’s living conditions- the importance of family finances

  • Universal transfers and services

  • Targeted economic support and services

  • A child perspective on services for adults

  • Measures safe-guarding children’s rights to participation, in particular a free school and access to leisure activities


Parenting in situations of social exclusion
Parenting in situations of social exclusion finances

  • Access to social rights, income, employment, housing, education and health

  • Reaching out to the families in their homes and providing long-term support

  • Considering the families in their context


Continuing1
Continuing finances

  • Providing them with good quality services

  • Building a trustworthy relationship and enabling them to regain control of their own lives, avoiding stigmatising practices

  • Training for parents and professionals together

  • Ensuring professionals competence and co-operation


Reaching out to professionals
Reaching out to professionals finances

  • Childcare, schools and after-school facilities, health services and leisure activities

  • Co-operation between service providers

  • Co-operation between professionals and parents


Overall principles in rec 2006 19
Overall principles in Rec (2006) 19 finances

  • A RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH

  • RESPECT FOR PARENTS AND CHILDREN AND THEIR POTENTIAL

  • RECOGNICE THE DIVERSE TYPES OF FAMILIES AND PARENTING

  • ADDRESS KEY PLAYERS; CHILDCARE, SCHOOL, HEALTH

  • PROMOTE COOPERATION


Council of europe recommends that governments
Council of Europe recommends that governments finances

  • …………………………create the necessary conditions for positive parenting in the best interests of the child

  • Take all appropriate legislative, administrative, financial and other measures…………………(CoE’s Recommendation (2006) 19)


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