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California Gold Rush. By Ava, Allison, Arjun, Chris, Cody and Steven . Key Vocabulary Words . Territory: a place owned and governed by a country. Gold rush: a huge movement of people bring to find gold. Forty-niners: one who went to California seeking gold in the gold rush 1849.

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California gold rush

California Gold Rush

By Ava, Allison, Arjun, Chris, Cody and Steven


Key vocabulary words
Key Vocabulary Words

  • Territory: a place owned and governed by a country.

  • Gold rush: a huge movement of people bring to find gold.

  • Forty-niners: one who went to California seeking gold in the gold rush 1849.

  • Cape: a point of land that reaches out into the ocean.

  • Clipper ships: were the fastest ship in the time.


Key vocabulary words continued
Key Vocabulary Words (continued)

  • Entrepreneur: a person who sets up a new business.

  • Free enterprise: a kind of economy in which people can own and run their own businesses.

  • Consumers: the people who buy a product or service.

  • Population: the number of people living there.

  • Vigilante: a person who takes the law into his or her own hands.


Key vocabulary continued 2
Key Vocabulary (continued #2)

  • Isthmus: a narrow piece of land that connects two larger land areas.

  • Swamp: a low wet area usually covered by shallow water.

  • Claim: an area a miner said belonged to him or her.

  • Industry: All the businesses that make one kind product or provide one kind of service.

  • Discrimination: the unfair treatment of people because of such things as their religion, their race, or their birth place.


Key vocabulary continued 3
Key Vocabulary (continued #3)

  • Technology: the way people use new ideas to make tools or machines.

  • Line Graph: a graph that uses a line to show changes overtime.

  • Hydraulic Mining: a way to mine gold easily.

  • Gold: a precious metal.

  • Shovels and Picks: Helpful mining tools that boomed during the gold rush.


Major events
Major Events

  • Gold was found in California

  • Sam Brannan tells everyone he sees

  • President James Polk tells the entire country about the discovery in the American River

  • THE RUSH IS ON!!!!!!!!!!

  • Clipper Ships start making trips to California


Major events continued
Major Events (continued)

  • People start turning into vigilantes Some people start discrimination

  • People start becoming enslaved and forced to dig for gold

  • Slaves began to buy freedom for them and all of their friends.

  • Hydraulic Mining(A way to mine with water) was invented

  • Hydraulic Mining was made illegal by the United States Government


Major people
Major People

  • John Sutter: The boss of the man who first found gold in California

  • James Wilson Marshall: The man who first found gold in California

  • Sam Brannan: The man who spilled the beans on the secret about the discovery of gold

  • President James Polk: The president during the time period of the gold rush. He had to make lots of important decisions and laws

  • “Buckeye Diggers Matterson”: Creator of Hydraulic Mining

  • Slaves in general: Encouraged other people to use gold for bribery. They did this by buying their and their friends and families freedom from their masters


Time period
Time Period

  • 1848-1849: 1849, first person found gold

  • December 1848, President James Polk told congress about discovery

  • 1852, thousands of Chinese also joined the gold rush.

  • 45,00 people reached California by traveling overland


Time period continued
Time Period (continued)

  • Before the Gold Rush began, San Francisco only had about 900 people. By 1849, it had 6,000 people. In 1850, more than 35,000 people filled the streets

  • California's population (not counting Native Americans) grew from about 14,000 people to about 100,000 in 1850. By 1852, its population had grown to about 250,000 people

  • By mid 1850's, however most of the gold that was lying on the top of the ground was found.


Time period continued 2
Time Period (continued #2)

  • Sacramento had terrible floods in the 1850's.

  • In 1884, California made Hydraulic Mining against the law.

  • Population grew fast after the Gold Rush in 1848.

  • January 24, 1848: Gold was discovered at Sutter’s Mill. In 1848 and 1849, miners could find simple tools.

  • By mid 1850's, however most of the gold that was lying on the top of the ground was found.


Facts
Facts

  • Some Hardships coming to California were storms, starvation, dehydration, and lack of courage.

  • Hydraulic Mining was made illegal because it wastes water and it can be dangerous because of the high powered flow.

  • People made less than $10.00 a day!!!!!!

  • John Sutter made an oath with James Marshall that they would keep it secret forever, but word got out within 6 weeks.

  • Alaska also had a GOLD RUSH!!!!!!!!!!!


Facts continued
Facts (continued)

  • Hydraulic Mining was way easier than other ways and it also did not require carrying around heavy pickaxes, shovels, and hoes.

  • James Polk was president during the Gold Rush

  • James Marshall was the man who first picked up gold in CA on January 24, 1848

  • The population of CA grew by 250,00 people during the Gold Rush


Bonus question
BONUS QUESTION

  • BONUS QUESTION (Does not count on your test grade. This question was not mentioned in PowerPoint or Social Studies Book. Hint: The actual Rush happened in a tributary in that state). Which other American State had a Gold Rush?

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The end

THE END!!!!!!!!!!

  • THANKS FOR WATCHING 


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