Sasec trade facilitation strategic framework
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SASEC Trade Facilitation Strategic Framework. Aileen Pangilinan Programs Officer Regional Cooperation and Operations Coordination Division South Asia Department Asian Development Bank.

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SASEC Trade Facilitation Strategic Framework

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Sasec trade facilitation strategic framework

SASECTrade Facilitation Strategic Framework

Aileen Pangilinan

Programs Officer

Regional Cooperation and Operations Coordination DivisionSouth Asia DepartmentAsian Development Bank

Disclaimer: In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Key messages

Key Messages

  • Why?

    • An integrated and prosperous South Asia

  • How?

    • Regional cooperation through SASEC

    • Implement the SASEC TF Framework

    • Strengthen Customs cooperation


21 st century south asia is the least integrated region in the world

21st Century South Asia is the Least Integrated Region in the World

Intra-regional Trade Share (%)

100 hours for trucks to cross between Petrapole & Benapole

200 signatures in Nepal to trade goods with India

Source: ADB ARIC Trade and Integration database (www.aric.adb.org); raw data from IMF DOTS.


Trade facilitation indicators

Trade Facilitation Indicators

Source: World Bank, 2010.


Sasec trade facilitation strategic framework

2012 Intra and InterRegionalTrade in Asia (billion)

PRC

$92

$1147

$325

$1047

$93

East Asia $2,830

SAARC $41

$169

$168

$904

$87

$400

$253

$972

ASEAN $611

Source: ADB Staff estimates and ARIC Trade Integration Database

N.B. The data inside boxes is intraregional trade of the region; data outside of the boxes refer to inter regional trade.


Centrality of sasec in the garland of an integrated asia

ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations

BIMP-EAGABrunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area

BIMSTEC Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multisectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation

CARECCentral Asia Regional Economic Cooperation

GMSGreater Mekong Subregion

IMT-GTIndonesia Malaysia Thailand Growth Triangle

PIFPacific Islands Forum

SAARCSouth Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

Centrality of SASEC in The Garland of an Integrated Asia

Asia is increasingly integrated economically stretching from the shores of the Black Sea in the West to the Western shores of the Pacific in the East and stretching from the Maldives and South Pacific to PRC and Central Asia in the North

SASEC

Disclaimer: In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Adb s strategy 2020 rci

ADB’s Strategy 2020 & RCI

Inclusive Growth

Environmentally Sustainable Growth

Regional Integration

MAIN DRIVERS IN STRATEGY 2020

Private Sector Development

GoodGovernance

Knowledge

Partnerships

FOUR PILLARS IN REGIONAL COOPERATION AND INTEGRATION STRATEGY

Regional/subregional Economic Cooperation Programs

Trade and Investment

Cooperation and Integration

Cooperation in Regional Public Goods

Monetary and Financial

Cooperation and Integration

By 2020, at least 30% of operations are in regional cooperation and integration

CORE AREAS IN STRATEGY 2020

Infrastructure

Financial Sector Development

Environment

Regional

Cooperation and Integration

Education


Sasec trade facilitation strategic framework

Regional Cooperation in Practice in South Asia

Afghanistan

SASEC (2001)

Pakistan

Bhutan

Nepal

Maldives

India

Myanmar

Sri Lanka

Bangladesh

SAARC (1985)

Thailand

BIMSTEC (1997)


South asia subregional economic cooperation sasec

South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC)

Members: BAN, BHU, IND, NEP; MLD, SRI - new

Institution-light; projects-heavy

Almost US$5 billion invested since 2001

Focus on transport, trade facilitation, energy

Supports SAARC and BIMSTEC


Key sasec transport and trade facilitation projects

Key SASEC Transport and Trade Facilitation Projects


Key sasec transport projects

Key SASEC Transport Projects

India Road Connectivity Sector Project, $500m

Bhutan Road Connectivity Project, $57m

Bangladesh Road Connectivity Project

Nepal Road Connectivity Project


Key sasec trade facilitation projects activities

Key SASEC Trade Facilitation Projects/ Activities

SASEC Trade Facilitation Program Loans/ Grants

Capacity Building and Discussion Platform

SASEC Trade Facilitation Strategic Framework


Sasec tf program loans grants

SASEC TF Program Loans/Grants

  • BAN ($21M); BHU ($11.67M); NEP ($15M)

  • Tranche release is triggered by specific policy actions

  • First tranche fully disbursed:

    • Bangladesh: $10.7M loan in Q2/2013

    • Bhutan: $6.3M loan and grant in Q1/2013

    • Nepal: $8M grant in Q2/2013

  • Milestones achieved:

    • Important steps taken toward accession to the Revised Kyoto Convention

    • Planning finalized for automation of trade facilitation business procedures

    • National Trade Facilitation Working Committees being established


Capacity building and discussion platform

Capacity Building and Discussion Platform

  • Training to support customs reforms

  • Knowledge sharing on key TF issues

  • SASEC Customs Subgroup established

    • agreed on work plan

    • serves as platform for knowledge sharing and training

    • advocacy for customs reform and modernization


Sasec trade facilitation framework

SASEC Trade Facilitation Framework

Increased trade, including intra-regional trade,

of SASEC Countries

Mission

More efficient, transparent, secure and service-oriented trade

in SASEC Countries

Goals

Customs

Transport Facilitation

Standards

Border Facilities

Components

Simplify & expedite border formalities, increase ICT applications, develop NSWs

Identify SPS-sensitive products, Strengthen National Conformity Assessment Boards

Strengthen cross-border facilities

Develop & pilot transport facilitation arrangements

Strategic Thrusts

Enhance cooperation and coordination mechanisms


Implementing the tfsf

Implementing the TFSF

  • Guiding principles

    • Country owned

    • Pragmatic and results oriented

    • Flexible and responsive

    • Open cooperation with neighbors

    • Involves private sector and development partners

  • Two-track process

  • South-South cooperation


Sasec customs subgroup wp

SASEC Customs Subgroup WP

  • Strategic thrusts

    • Simplifying and expediting border formalities

    • Increasing the application of ICT

    • Developing national single windows

  • Composition

    • 7 subregional projects

    • 20 national projects in all 3 strategic thrusts

    • 6 subregional training areas


Subregional projects in the wp 1

Subregional Projects in the WP (1)

  • Sharing of experience on risk management and SAFE application

  • Exchange of documents at major BCPs (taking inspiration from the SAARC Agreement on Mutual Administrative Assistance on Customs Matters)

  • Assessment of the readiness of regulatory framework and infrastructure facilities in SASEC countries for containerized movement of cargo through land borders


Subregional projects in the wp 2

Subregional Projects in the WP (2)

  • Institutionalize regular border meetings between/among the Customs authorities at major border crossing points

  • Conduct of the SASEC Trade and Transport Facilitation Monitoring Mechanism

  • Use of ICT in processing of the transit cargo for enhanced efficiency

  • Conduct of feasibility study on electronic exchange of trade-related information


For more information visit www sasec asia or email sasec@adb org

For more information:Visit www.sasec.asia oremail [email protected]


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