Trade facilitation in escap
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Trade Facilitation in ESCAP. International Conference on Trade Facilitation , 16-17 October 200 6, Moscow, Russian Federation. Noordin Azhari Chief Trade Efficiency and Facilitation Section Trade and Investment Division UNESCAP. Facts and Figures.

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Trade facilitation in escap

Trade Facilitation in ESCAP

International Conference on Trade Facilitation,

16-17 October 2006, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Noordin Azhari

Chief

Trade Efficiency and Facilitation Section

Trade and Investment Division

UNESCAP


Facts and figures

Facts and Figures

  • Cost of trade procedures may range from 2 to 15 per-cent of the traded goods’ value

  • A one per cent reduction of trade transaction costs of traded goods’ value would bring annual gains of about US$ 40 billion on a world-wide basis: OECD

  • A five per cent reduction in trade transaction costs in 2006 will raise APEC’s GDP by 0.98 per cent (around US$ 154 billion): APEC


Current tf drivers

Current TF Drivers

  • WTO trade facilitation negotiations

  • Just-in-time operations; need for swift flow of data and information

  • Trade and security

  • Regional trade arrangements and initiatives in Asia and the Pacific


Unescap trade facilitation strategy

UNESCAP Trade Facilitation Strategy

  • Mission:

    • Promoting the simplification, harmonization, standardization of procedures and related documentary requirements in international trade

  • Goals:

    • Reducing Trade Transaction Costs

    • Improving Trade Security

  • Approach:

    • Integrated approach to trade and transport facilitation, including ICT applications


Strengthening regional cooperation

Strengthening Regional Cooperation

  • Establishment of theAsia-Pacific Network for Efficient Trade – APNET

    • Provide a regional platform for national trade facilitation coordination committees/bodies (NTTFCs)

    • Promote the establishment and strengthening of NTTFCs

    • Identify regional trade facilitation requirements of traders and governments

    • Formulate, coordinate and promote trade and transport facilitation strategies, action plans and best practices among UNESCAP countries.


Promoting national coordination mechanisms

Promoting National Coordination Mechanisms

  • Good practices in implementing TF measures require cooperation of three main players – government agencies, logistics service providers, and traders

  • Assisting member states to establish National Trade and Transport Committee (NTTFC) and supporting institutions

  • Providing training and technical assistance to strengthen the capability of NTTFCs - lead agency, inter-government and private key stakeholders


Assessing needs priorities and implementation costs

Assessing Needs, Priorities and Implementation Costs

  • Conducting benchmarking study and analysis of current conditions, impediments to trade, and indicators of TF-related performances (quantitative & qualitative)

  • Identifying opportunities for improvement

  • Refining and promoting assessment/benchmark tools, and assisting member states to build human and institutional capacity to regularly conduct TF self assessment

    • Tools available:

      • UNESCAP Trade Facilitation Framework

      • UNESCAP Time/Cost-Distance Analysis

      • WB Trade and Transport Facilitation Audit

      • WCO Time Release Study

      • WCO Self Assessment Checklist of GATT Articles V, VIII, X

      • UN/CEFACT Benchmarking Guidelines


Simplification standardization and harmonization of trade procedures and documents

Simplification, Standardization and Harmonization of Trade Procedures and Documents

  • Providing studies, trainings and advisory services to:

    • Simplify formats and contents of trade documents

    • Develop aligned trade documents set

    • Tools available:

      • UN Layout Key for Trade Documents

      • UN Trade Facilitators Toolkit for trade documents

      • WCO Customs Data Model and UN Trade Data Elements Directory


Promoting ict application for trade facilitation

Promoting ICT Application for Trade Facilitation

  • Promote and assist member states to develop strategies and action plans to establish single-window and ICT-enable paperless environment

    • Tools available:

      • Guidelines for establishing Single Window (UN/CEFACT Recommendation 33)

      • Handbooks and Roadmap for Paperless Trade(UNESCAP TF Handbook, UN/CEFACT Roadmap)

      • UNeDocs (UN Electronic Trade Documents project)

      • WCO Customs Data Model


Trade facilitation in escap

UNESCAP

Trade Facilitation Strategy

1.

Assessing TF

Needs,

Priorities and

Implementation

Costs

(Capturing

TF Knowledge

&

Indicators)

2. Promoting the

Establishment

of,

and

Strengthening

National

Trade

Facilitation

Organizations

and

Regional

Cooperation

3. Promoting

Trade

Facilitation

Strategies

and

Action

Plans

4. Assisting in

Simplification

and

Harmonization

of

Trade

Documents &

Procedures

5. Promoting

the use of

ICT Applications

for Trade

Facilitation

6. Promoting

Trade

Finance

and

Payment

Infrastructure

Development

CBP - Capacity Building Programmes: Awareness and Training

iii. Creating awareness and organizing training courses and workshops for member countries

KR - Knowledge Repository for Trade Facilitation

ii. Developing and maintaining a repository and virtual communication mechanism for trade knowledge and TF current conditions, indicators, needs and priorities for continuous analysis and TF-improved recommendations

APNET- Asia Pacific Network for Efficient Tradei.Facilitating a regional forum for policy makers, practitioners and resource persons from government and private sectors

to share lessons learned, develop and promote trade facilitation measures suitable for the Asia-Pacific region


Thank you

THANK YOU


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