How do we make passive sentences in portuguese
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How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?. Os jogos olímpicos são disputados a cada 4 anos. Mais um carro foi incendiado no Rio. O novo ar condicionado será instalado nas férias. How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?. Os jogos olímpicos são disputados a cada 4 anos.

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How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?

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How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?

  • Os jogos olímpicos são disputados a cada 4 anos.

  • Mais um carro foi incendiado no Rio.

  • O novo ar condicionado será instalado nas férias


How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?

  • Os jogos olímpicos sãodisputados a cada 4 anos.

  • Mais um carro foiincendiado no Rio.

  • O novo ar condicionado seráinstalado nas férias


How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?

ser +

verbo principal

(particípio)


How do we make passive sentences in English?

to be +

main verb

(past participle)


Students’ own examples


How do we make passive sentences in English?

  • Present simple: My car isserviced twice a year.

  • Present continuous: My car is being serviced now.

  • Past simple: My car wasserviced last month.

  • Past continuous: My car was beingserviced when I went to the garage.

  • Present perfect: My car has already beenserviced.

  • Past perfect: My car had beenserviced by 2 o’clock.

  • Future simple: My car will beserviced tomorrow.

  • Future perfect: My car will have beenserviced by Monday.

  • Modals: My car must beserviced before the trip.


two-object verbs

  • I gave Ann a book for her birthday.


two-object verbs

  • I gave Anna book for her birthday.

  • A book was given to Ann for her birthday (by me).

  • Ann was given a book for her birthday (by me).


two-object verbs

  • ask

  • pay

  • sell

  • offer

  • tell

  • buy

  • bring

  • send

  • lend

  • promise

  • write

  • give


two-object verbs

  • I lent Paulsome money.

  • Some money was lent to Paul (by me).

  • Paul was lent some money (by me).


two-object verbs

  • She asked mea favour.

  • A favour was asked of me (by her).

  • I was asked a favour (by her).


two-object verbs

  • Laura will send mepostcards from Hungary.

  • Postcards will be sent to me from Hungary (by Laura).

  • I will be sent postcards from Hungary (by Laura).


When to use passive sentences?

  • When we do not know who the agent is.

  • When it is irrelevant to mention who the agent is.

  • When this agent is obvious.

  • In other words, when the execution of the action is the important information.


Passive: have something done

  • I hadmyhair cut.

  • I cutmyhair.


Passive: have something done

  • I hadthehousecleaned.

  • I cleanedthehouse.


Passive: have something done

  • I hadthecarrepaired.

  • I repairedthe car.


Passive: it is said that...

  • People say [that Alexandre likes heavy metal].

  • It is said [that Alexandre likes heavy metal].


Passive: it is supposed that...

  • People suppose [that Rio is a very dangerous place].

  • It is supposed [that Rio is a very dangerous place].


Passive: it is known that...

  • People know [that Romário is lazy].

  • It is known [that Romário is lazy].


Passive: it is expected that...

  • People expect [that all the students pass this course].

  • It is expected [that all the students pass this course].


General structure

  • People say[that Alexandre likes heavy metal].

    expect*

    believe

    think

    know

    suppose

    consider

    understand


General structure

  • It is said[that Alexandre likes heavy metal].

    expected*

    believed

    thought

    known

    supposed

    considered

    understood


Passive: he is said to...


Passive: he is known to...


General structure

  • He is saidto like heavy metal.

    expected

    believed

    thought

    known

    supposed

    considered

    understood


  • People say [that Alexandre likes heavy metal].

  • It is said [that Alexandre likes heavy metal].

  • Alexandre is said to likeheavy metal.


  • People suppose [that Rio is a very dangerous place].

  • It is supposed [that Rio is a very dangerous place].

  • Rio is supposed to bea very dangerous place.


  • People know [that Romário is lazy].

  • It is known [that Romário is lazy].

  • Romário is known to belazy.


  • People expect [that all the students pass this course].

  • It is expected [that all the students pass this course].

  • All the students are expected to pass this course.


  • People know [that Collor was a corrupt president].

  • It is known [that Collor was a corrupt president].

  • Collor is known to have been a corrupt president.


  • People consider [that Marilyn was a gorgeous woman].

  • It is considered [that Marilyn was a gorgeous woman].

  • Marilyn is considered to have been a gorgeous woman.


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