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Conservation Coaches Network Workshop Presentation. 2A. Develop a Formal Action Plan: Goals and Objectives. Adaptive Management Workshop Presentations. 1A-1B. Team, Scope, Vision 1B. Conservation Targets 1B. Viability Assessment. 2A-1. Strategy Selection 2A-2. Results Chains

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2A. Develop a Formal Action Plan: Goals and Objectives

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2a develop a formal action plan goals and objectives

Conservation Coaches Network Workshop Presentation

2A. Develop a Formal Action Plan: Goals and Objectives


Adaptive management workshop presentations

Adaptive Management Workshop Presentations

1A-1B. Team, Scope, Vision

1B. Conservation Targets

1B. Viability Assessment

2A-1. Strategy Selection

2A-2. Results Chains

2A-3. Goals and Objectives

1C. Threat Rating

1D. Conceptual Models

2B. Monitoring Plan


Plan your actions monitoring

Plan Your Actions & Monitoring

Goals & Objectives


This presentation

This Presentation

Goals & Objectives

  • What is a goal?

  • How to define goals

  • What are objectives?

  • How to define objectives

  • How to determine if strategies (with results chains and objectives) are sufficient to achieve goals


What is a goal

What is a Goal?

Goals & Objectives

Goal: A formal statement detailing a desired impact of a project, such as the desired future status of a target.


Criteria for goals

Criteria for Goals

Goals & Objectives

A Good Goal Meets the Criteria:

Linked to targets: Directly associated with one or more of your conservation targets.

Should be phrased in terms of the Key Ecological Attribute(s) of the target that you are trying to conserve

  • Size – Geographic extent (ecosystem or habitat); Abundance &/or demographics of the population/community (species)

  • Condition – Composition, structure, & biotic interactions

  • Landscape Context – Landscape-scale ecological processes, adjacency and connectivity


Criteria for goals1

Criteria for Goals

Goals & Objectives

Impactoriented:Represents the desired future status of the conservation target over the long-term.

A preview of Results Chains:


Criteria for goals2

Criteria for Goals

Goals & Objectives

Time Limited: Achievable within a specific period of time, generally 10 or more years.

Measurable:Definable in relation to some standard scale (numbers, percentage, fractions, or all/nothing states).

Specific: Clearly defined so that all people involved in the project have the same understanding of what the terms in the goal mean.


This presentation1

This Presentation

Goals & Objectives

  • What is a goal?

  • How to define goals

  • What are objectives?

  • How to define objectives

  • How to determine if strategies (with results chains and objectives) are sufficient to achieve goals


How to define goals

How to Define Goals

Goals & Objectives

  • Choose a conservation target

  • Select key ecological attributes of the target to represent in the goal

  • Write a draft description of the future desired condition of the target

  • Apply criteria

  • Modify the goal as needed

  • Analyze whether all relevant strategies / results chains should be sufficient to achieve the goal


Our example swan coastal plain wetlands

Our Example – Swan Coastal Plain Wetlands

Goals & Objectives

Adapted from WWF Australia’s WetlandsWatchProject


1 choose a conservation target

1. Choose a Conservation Target

Goals & Objectives

Seasonally Flooded Wetlands


2 select key ecological attributes of the target to represent in the goal

2. Select Key Ecological Attributes of the Target to Represent in the Goal

Goals & Objectives

From the Viability Assessment…


2 select key ecological attributes of the target to represent in the goal1

2. Select Key Ecological Attributes of the Target to Represent in the Goal

Goals & Objectives

From the Viability Assessment…


2 select key ecological attributes of the target to represent in the goal2

2. Select Key Ecological Attributes of the Target to Represent in the Goal

Goals & Objectives

  • Target:Seasonally flooded wetlands

  • Key Ecological Attributes:

    • Area

    • Water level fluctuations


3 write a draft goal

3. Write a Draft Goal

Goals & Objectives

  • Target:Seasonally flooded wetlands

  • Key Ecological Attributes:

    • Area

    • Water level fluctuations

  • Draft Goal: By 2025, the area of seasonally flooded wetlands are restored to historic levels


4 apply criteria

Criteria:

Linked to target?

Impact-oriented?

Time-bound?

Specific?

Measurable?

4. Apply Criteria

Goals & Objectives

  • Target:Seasonally flooded wetlands

  • Key Ecological Attributes:

    • Area

    • Water level fluctuations

  • Draft Goal: By 2025, the area of seasonally flooded wetlands are restored to historic levels


5 modify the goal as needed

Criteria:

Linked to target?

Impact-oriented?

Time-bound?

Specific?

Measurable?

5. Modify the Goal as Needed

Goals & Objectives

  • Target:Seasonally flooded wetlands

  • Key Ecological Attributes:

    • Area

    • Water level fluctuations

  • Draft Goal: By 2025, the area of seasonally flooded wetlands are restored to historic levels

  • Modified Goal:


5 modify the goal as needed1

Criteria:

Linked to target?

Impact-oriented?

Time-bound?

Specific?

Measurable?

5. Modify the Goal as Needed

Goals & Objectives

  • Target:Seasonally flooded wetlands

  • Key Ecological Attributes:

    • Area

    • Water level fluctuations

  • Draft Goal: By 2025, the area of seasonally flooded wetlands are restored to historic levels

Modified Goal: By 2025, there are at least 2,100 ha. of seasonally flooded wetlands with good annual water level fluctuations and representative native species.


Final goal

Final Goal

Goals & Objectives

  • By 2025, at least 2,100 ha of high conservation value* wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain maintain a “good” hydroperiod** and contain viable populations of key native flora and fauna, as listed by the Department of Environment and Conservation.

    * High conservation value wetlands = wetlands assigned ‘Conservation’ management category by the Department of Environment and Conservation, Western Australia.** “Good” hydroperiod is defined as 12-16 weeks in fully flooded condition and no more than 16 weeks in completely dry condition (no standing water)


Goals in miradi

Goals in Miradi

Goals & Objectives


Example of a goal

Example of a Goal

Goals & Objectives

Goal: By 2025, ensure “Good” base flows in summer (Aug-Oct) so that no sections of river go dry (~50 to 75 CFS in dry years)

Key Attribute = Hydrologic regime


Careful a goal is not a threat reduction objective

Careful…A Goal is NOT a Threat Reduction Objective

Goals & Objectives

Conservation target: Seasonally flooded wetlands

Goal:By 2025…high conservation value* wetlands…

Threat to target: Clearing for residential development and infrastructure

Threat reduction objective: Beginning in 2012, there is no further clearing of high conservation value wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain.


Example goal

Example Goal

Goals & Objectives

  • Target: Coral Reefs

  • Goal: By 2025, at least 80% of the coral reef habitat in the northern bioregion will have live coral coverage of at least 20% and will contain healthy populations of key species*

    * Healthy populations of species at the top of the food chain, such as sharks, and an abundance of other key species, such as parrot fish and spiny lobster. Whether a population is “healthy” will be based on the latest scientific understanding. See viability assessment for population numbers for different species.


Example goal1

Example Goal

Goals & Objectives

  • Target: Montane forest (in Eastern Arcs)

  • Goal: By 2017, 100% of remaining montane forest* is effectively conserved** and connectivity among major forest patches*** is created.

    * Based on baseline data from 1999 -2003 (total is around 2,000,529 ha)

    ** Effectively conserved = Intact tree canopy with full set of species including representative endemic species

    *** Ulugurus (Bunduki, Kitumbaku Hills), East Usambaras (Derema, Nilo-Kambai/Segoma), Udzungwa (Scarp to Matundu/Iyonde)


Which of the following comply with the criteria for a good goal

Which of theFollowingComplywiththeCriteriafor a GoodGoal?

Goals & Objectives

  • In 10 years, eliminate mangrove harvesting in all of Ban Don Bay, Thailand.

  • By 2022, more than 80 pairs of quetzales will successfully nest and reproduce each year in the Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve.

  • Within 12 years of the start of the project, Katani Nature Preserve will serve as an effective ecological corridor for tigers traveling between Karimara and Sulaken National Parks.

  • By 2015, the population of Golden Lion Tamarins has increased.


This presentation2

This Presentation

Goals & Objectives

  • What is a goal?

  • How to define goals

  • What are objectives?

  • How to define objectives

  • How to determine if strategies (with results chains and objectives) are sufficient to achieve goals


Develop your objectives

Develop Your Objectives

Goals & Objectives

Objective: A formal statement detailing a desired outcome of a project such as reducing a critical threat.

A good objective should meet the following criteria:

Outcome Oriented:Specifies necessary changes in critical threats and other factors that affect one or more project goals


What does outcome oriented mean

What Does Outcome Oriented Mean?

Goals & Objectives

A basic results chain:


Develop your objectives1

Develop Your Objectives

Goals & Objectives

Specific: Clearly defined so that all people involved in the project have the same understanding of what the terms in the objective mean.

Measurable: Definable in relation to some standard scale (numbers, percentage, fractions, or all/nothing states).

Time Limited: Achievable within a specific period of time. (Necessarily less than the timeframe of the associated goal.)

Practical: Achievable and appropriate within the context of the project.


This presentation3

This Presentation

Goals & Objectives

  • What is a goal?

  • How to define goals

  • What are objectives?

  • How to define objectives

  • How to determine if strategies (with results chains and objectives) are sufficient to achieve goals


How do you write a good objective

How Do You Write a Good Objective?

Goals & Objectives

  • Select a result in your results chain where you want an objective

  • Write a draft objective for that result

    Draft 1: “More landowners are implementing BMPs on their properties”

  • Apply the criteria to modify and refine your draft objective

    - Outcome oriented- Specific

    - Measureable- Time limited

    - Practical

Landowners implement best mgmt practices


How do you write a good objective1

How Do You Write a Good Objective?

Goals & Objectives

  • Apply the criteria to modify and refine your draft objective

    Draft 2: “By 2022, at least 75% of landowners are implementing BMPs on their properties”

    Draft 3: “By 2022, at least 75% of those landowners informed about best management practices are implementing at least two BMPs on their properties”


Develop your objectives2

Develop Your Objectives

Goals & Objectives

OBJ. C1: By 2015 and thereafter, no new invasive plant species are detected in the Eucalyptus-Melaleuca woodlands and seasonally flooded wetlands

OBJ. B: By 2011, there are no more than 10 infractions issued annually against landowners in the Swan Coastal Plain for illegal clearing of vegetation

OBJ. C2: By 2015 and thereafter, at least 90% of Eucalyptus-Melaleuca woodlands and 75% of the seasonally-flooded wetlands remain invasives-free

OBJ. A: By 2013, none of the landowners in the Swan Coastal Plain are creating fire breaks as part of their vegetation management regime


Objectives in miradi

Objectives in Miradi

Goals & Objectives


Which of these comply with the criteria for a good objective

Which of TheseComplywiththeCriteriafor a GoodObjective?

Goals & Objectives

  • By 2010, no water concessions are granted in identified critical grasslands and associated wetlands.

  • Promote community wellbeing and health in the area surrounding the Indah Biosphere Reserve.

  • To establish a sustainable enterprise-based conservation and development project that meets the needs of local people while protecting biodiversity in the region surrounding Indah Biosphere Reserve.

  • By the end of the project, annual household income for all families participating in non-timber forest product harvesting enterprises has increased by at least 20%.


Real world examples of objectives

Real World Examples of Objectives

Goals & Objectives

OBJ. A4: During next cycle, stormwater plans are updated to reflect findings from the pollutant monitoring strategy

OBJ. A1: At least once/year starting in 2008, SLOSEA provides a synthesis of pollutant data to public and policy makers

OBJ. HF2: By 2012, at least 80% of samples over entire scope meet updated State and Federal water quality standards of nitrates, nonylphenols, and other potential pollutants

OBJ. A2: By 2011, permits for NPDES include limits for nonylphenol

Adapted from SLOSEA 2008, Morro Bay, California


Real world examples of objectives1

Real World Examples of Objectives

Goals & Objectives

OBJ.: By 2012, 60% of American population understands the need for ecological fire management (including rxfire, thinning, letting natural fires burn)

OBJ.: By 2015 Congress and agency leadership allocate $705 million/year for restoration of fire-adapted ecosystems

OBJ.: By 2015, 2.78 million acres in WUI treated annually by federal agencies

Adapted from TNC Global Fire Initiative 2008, USA


This presentation4

This Presentation

Goals & Objectives

  • What is a goal?

  • How to define goals

  • What are objectives?

  • How to define objectives

  • How to determine if strategies (with results chains and objectives) are sufficient to achieve goals


Determining if strategies are sufficient to achieve goal

Determining If Strategies Are Sufficient to Achieve Goal

Goals & Objectives

  • Build a high-level results chain including:

    • A target and its goal(s)

    • All relevant threat reduction results

    • Viability results (optional)

    • All relevant strategies

    • For each strategy, 1-2 major intermediate results

  • Analyze whether all strategies, with their associated major results / objectives, will be sufficient to achieve the goal


Determining if strategies are sufficient to achieve goal1

Determining If Strategies Are Sufficient to Achieve Goal

Goals & Objectives

Goal: By 2025, at least 2,100 ha of high conservation value* wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain maintain a “good” hydroperiod…

Viability results (optional) are included to clarify which strategies contribute to which aspects of viability


Determining if strategies are sufficient to achieve goal2

Determining If Strategies Are Sufficient to Achieve Goal

Goals & Objectives


Determining if strategies are sufficient to achieve goal3

Determining If Strategies Are Sufficient to Achieve Goal

Goals & Objectives


Determining if strategies are sufficient to achieve goal4

Determining If Strategies Are Sufficient to Achieve Goal

Goals & Objectives

Sufficient?

Goal: By 2025, at least 2,100 ha of high conservation value* wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain maintain a “good” hydroperiod…

Include strategies that other organizations are implementing


Key points

Key Points

Goals & Objectives

Conservation strategies are a group of actions designed to enhance viability of a target (GOAL) and/or abate a critical threat (OBJECTIVE).

Goals & Objectives – What you want to accomplish

Strategies –How you are going to get there

A threat reduction objective is not a goal.

Objectives should be specific, measurable, time Limited, and practical.

Be relatively sure that your strategies are really sufficient to achieve your objective/goal.


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