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Conservation Coaches Network Workshop Presentation. 2A. Develop a Formal Action Plan: Goals and Objectives. Adaptive Management Workshop Presentations. 1A-1B. Team, Scope, Vision 1B. Conservation Targets 1B. Viability Assessment. 2A-1. Strategy Selection 2A-2. Results Chains

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2A. Develop a Formal Action Plan: Goals and Objectives

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Conservation Coaches Network Workshop Presentation

2A. Develop a Formal Action Plan: Goals and Objectives


Adaptive Management Workshop Presentations

1A-1B. Team, Scope, Vision

1B. Conservation Targets

1B. Viability Assessment

2A-1. Strategy Selection

2A-2. Results Chains

2A-3. Goals and Objectives

1C. Threat Rating

1D. Conceptual Models

2B. Monitoring Plan


Plan Your Actions & Monitoring

Goals & Objectives


This Presentation

Goals & Objectives

  • What is a goal?

  • How to define goals

  • What are objectives?

  • How to define objectives

  • How to determine if strategies (with results chains and objectives) are sufficient to achieve goals


What is a Goal?

Goals & Objectives

Goal: A formal statement detailing a desired impact of a project, such as the desired future status of a target.


Criteria for Goals

Goals & Objectives

A Good Goal Meets the Criteria:

Linked to targets: Directly associated with one or more of your conservation targets.

Should be phrased in terms of the Key Ecological Attribute(s) of the target that you are trying to conserve

  • Size – Geographic extent (ecosystem or habitat); Abundance &/or demographics of the population/community (species)

  • Condition – Composition, structure, & biotic interactions

  • Landscape Context – Landscape-scale ecological processes, adjacency and connectivity


Criteria for Goals

Goals & Objectives

Impactoriented:Represents the desired future status of the conservation target over the long-term.

A preview of Results Chains:


Criteria for Goals

Goals & Objectives

Time Limited: Achievable within a specific period of time, generally 10 or more years.

Measurable:Definable in relation to some standard scale (numbers, percentage, fractions, or all/nothing states).

Specific: Clearly defined so that all people involved in the project have the same understanding of what the terms in the goal mean.


This Presentation

Goals & Objectives

  • What is a goal?

  • How to define goals

  • What are objectives?

  • How to define objectives

  • How to determine if strategies (with results chains and objectives) are sufficient to achieve goals


How to Define Goals

Goals & Objectives

  • Choose a conservation target

  • Select key ecological attributes of the target to represent in the goal

  • Write a draft description of the future desired condition of the target

  • Apply criteria

  • Modify the goal as needed

  • Analyze whether all relevant strategies / results chains should be sufficient to achieve the goal


Our Example – Swan Coastal Plain Wetlands

Goals & Objectives

Adapted from WWF Australia’s WetlandsWatchProject


1. Choose a Conservation Target

Goals & Objectives

Seasonally Flooded Wetlands


2. Select Key Ecological Attributes of the Target to Represent in the Goal

Goals & Objectives

From the Viability Assessment…


2. Select Key Ecological Attributes of the Target to Represent in the Goal

Goals & Objectives

From the Viability Assessment…


2. Select Key Ecological Attributes of the Target to Represent in the Goal

Goals & Objectives

  • Target:Seasonally flooded wetlands

  • Key Ecological Attributes:

    • Area

    • Water level fluctuations


3. Write a Draft Goal

Goals & Objectives

  • Target:Seasonally flooded wetlands

  • Key Ecological Attributes:

    • Area

    • Water level fluctuations

  • Draft Goal: By 2025, the area of seasonally flooded wetlands are restored to historic levels


Criteria:

Linked to target?

Impact-oriented?

Time-bound?

Specific?

Measurable?

4. Apply Criteria

Goals & Objectives

  • Target:Seasonally flooded wetlands

  • Key Ecological Attributes:

    • Area

    • Water level fluctuations

  • Draft Goal: By 2025, the area of seasonally flooded wetlands are restored to historic levels


Criteria:

Linked to target?

Impact-oriented?

Time-bound?

Specific?

Measurable?

5. Modify the Goal as Needed

Goals & Objectives

  • Target:Seasonally flooded wetlands

  • Key Ecological Attributes:

    • Area

    • Water level fluctuations

  • Draft Goal: By 2025, the area of seasonally flooded wetlands are restored to historic levels

  • Modified Goal:


Criteria:

Linked to target?

Impact-oriented?

Time-bound?

Specific?

Measurable?

5. Modify the Goal as Needed

Goals & Objectives

  • Target:Seasonally flooded wetlands

  • Key Ecological Attributes:

    • Area

    • Water level fluctuations

  • Draft Goal: By 2025, the area of seasonally flooded wetlands are restored to historic levels

Modified Goal: By 2025, there are at least 2,100 ha. of seasonally flooded wetlands with good annual water level fluctuations and representative native species.


Final Goal

Goals & Objectives

  • By 2025, at least 2,100 ha of high conservation value* wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain maintain a “good” hydroperiod** and contain viable populations of key native flora and fauna, as listed by the Department of Environment and Conservation.

    * High conservation value wetlands = wetlands assigned ‘Conservation’ management category by the Department of Environment and Conservation, Western Australia.** “Good” hydroperiod is defined as 12-16 weeks in fully flooded condition and no more than 16 weeks in completely dry condition (no standing water)


Goals in Miradi

Goals & Objectives


Example of a Goal

Goals & Objectives

Goal: By 2025, ensure “Good” base flows in summer (Aug-Oct) so that no sections of river go dry (~50 to 75 CFS in dry years)

Key Attribute = Hydrologic regime


Careful…A Goal is NOT a Threat Reduction Objective

Goals & Objectives

Conservation target: Seasonally flooded wetlands

Goal:By 2025…high conservation value* wetlands…

Threat to target: Clearing for residential development and infrastructure

Threat reduction objective: Beginning in 2012, there is no further clearing of high conservation value wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain.


Example Goal

Goals & Objectives

  • Target: Coral Reefs

  • Goal: By 2025, at least 80% of the coral reef habitat in the northern bioregion will have live coral coverage of at least 20% and will contain healthy populations of key species*

    * Healthy populations of species at the top of the food chain, such as sharks, and an abundance of other key species, such as parrot fish and spiny lobster. Whether a population is “healthy” will be based on the latest scientific understanding. See viability assessment for population numbers for different species.


Example Goal

Goals & Objectives

  • Target: Montane forest (in Eastern Arcs)

  • Goal: By 2017, 100% of remaining montane forest* is effectively conserved** and connectivity among major forest patches*** is created.

    * Based on baseline data from 1999 -2003 (total is around 2,000,529 ha)

    ** Effectively conserved = Intact tree canopy with full set of species including representative endemic species

    *** Ulugurus (Bunduki, Kitumbaku Hills), East Usambaras (Derema, Nilo-Kambai/Segoma), Udzungwa (Scarp to Matundu/Iyonde)


Which of theFollowingComplywiththeCriteriafor a GoodGoal?

Goals & Objectives

  • In 10 years, eliminate mangrove harvesting in all of Ban Don Bay, Thailand.

  • By 2022, more than 80 pairs of quetzales will successfully nest and reproduce each year in the Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve.

  • Within 12 years of the start of the project, Katani Nature Preserve will serve as an effective ecological corridor for tigers traveling between Karimara and Sulaken National Parks.

  • By 2015, the population of Golden Lion Tamarins has increased.


This Presentation

Goals & Objectives

  • What is a goal?

  • How to define goals

  • What are objectives?

  • How to define objectives

  • How to determine if strategies (with results chains and objectives) are sufficient to achieve goals


Develop Your Objectives

Goals & Objectives

Objective: A formal statement detailing a desired outcome of a project such as reducing a critical threat.

A good objective should meet the following criteria:

Outcome Oriented:Specifies necessary changes in critical threats and other factors that affect one or more project goals


What Does Outcome Oriented Mean?

Goals & Objectives

A basic results chain:


Develop Your Objectives

Goals & Objectives

Specific: Clearly defined so that all people involved in the project have the same understanding of what the terms in the objective mean.

Measurable: Definable in relation to some standard scale (numbers, percentage, fractions, or all/nothing states).

Time Limited: Achievable within a specific period of time. (Necessarily less than the timeframe of the associated goal.)

Practical: Achievable and appropriate within the context of the project.


This Presentation

Goals & Objectives

  • What is a goal?

  • How to define goals

  • What are objectives?

  • How to define objectives

  • How to determine if strategies (with results chains and objectives) are sufficient to achieve goals


How Do You Write a Good Objective?

Goals & Objectives

  • Select a result in your results chain where you want an objective

  • Write a draft objective for that result

    Draft 1: “More landowners are implementing BMPs on their properties”

  • Apply the criteria to modify and refine your draft objective

    - Outcome oriented- Specific

    - Measureable- Time limited

    - Practical

Landowners implement best mgmt practices


How Do You Write a Good Objective?

Goals & Objectives

  • Apply the criteria to modify and refine your draft objective

    Draft 2: “By 2022, at least 75% of landowners are implementing BMPs on their properties”

    Draft 3: “By 2022, at least 75% of those landowners informed about best management practices are implementing at least two BMPs on their properties”


Develop Your Objectives

Goals & Objectives

OBJ. C1: By 2015 and thereafter, no new invasive plant species are detected in the Eucalyptus-Melaleuca woodlands and seasonally flooded wetlands

OBJ. B: By 2011, there are no more than 10 infractions issued annually against landowners in the Swan Coastal Plain for illegal clearing of vegetation

OBJ. C2: By 2015 and thereafter, at least 90% of Eucalyptus-Melaleuca woodlands and 75% of the seasonally-flooded wetlands remain invasives-free

OBJ. A: By 2013, none of the landowners in the Swan Coastal Plain are creating fire breaks as part of their vegetation management regime


Objectives in Miradi

Goals & Objectives


Which of TheseComplywiththeCriteriafor a GoodObjective?

Goals & Objectives

  • By 2010, no water concessions are granted in identified critical grasslands and associated wetlands.

  • Promote community wellbeing and health in the area surrounding the Indah Biosphere Reserve.

  • To establish a sustainable enterprise-based conservation and development project that meets the needs of local people while protecting biodiversity in the region surrounding Indah Biosphere Reserve.

  • By the end of the project, annual household income for all families participating in non-timber forest product harvesting enterprises has increased by at least 20%.


Real World Examples of Objectives

Goals & Objectives

OBJ. A4: During next cycle, stormwater plans are updated to reflect findings from the pollutant monitoring strategy

OBJ. A1: At least once/year starting in 2008, SLOSEA provides a synthesis of pollutant data to public and policy makers

OBJ. HF2: By 2012, at least 80% of samples over entire scope meet updated State and Federal water quality standards of nitrates, nonylphenols, and other potential pollutants

OBJ. A2: By 2011, permits for NPDES include limits for nonylphenol

Adapted from SLOSEA 2008, Morro Bay, California


Real World Examples of Objectives

Goals & Objectives

OBJ.: By 2012, 60% of American population understands the need for ecological fire management (including rxfire, thinning, letting natural fires burn)

OBJ.: By 2015 Congress and agency leadership allocate $705 million/year for restoration of fire-adapted ecosystems

OBJ.: By 2015, 2.78 million acres in WUI treated annually by federal agencies

Adapted from TNC Global Fire Initiative 2008, USA


This Presentation

Goals & Objectives

  • What is a goal?

  • How to define goals

  • What are objectives?

  • How to define objectives

  • How to determine if strategies (with results chains and objectives) are sufficient to achieve goals


Determining If Strategies Are Sufficient to Achieve Goal

Goals & Objectives

  • Build a high-level results chain including:

    • A target and its goal(s)

    • All relevant threat reduction results

    • Viability results (optional)

    • All relevant strategies

    • For each strategy, 1-2 major intermediate results

  • Analyze whether all strategies, with their associated major results / objectives, will be sufficient to achieve the goal


Determining If Strategies Are Sufficient to Achieve Goal

Goals & Objectives

Goal: By 2025, at least 2,100 ha of high conservation value* wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain maintain a “good” hydroperiod…

Viability results (optional) are included to clarify which strategies contribute to which aspects of viability


Determining If Strategies Are Sufficient to Achieve Goal

Goals & Objectives


Determining If Strategies Are Sufficient to Achieve Goal

Goals & Objectives


Determining If Strategies Are Sufficient to Achieve Goal

Goals & Objectives

Sufficient?

Goal: By 2025, at least 2,100 ha of high conservation value* wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain maintain a “good” hydroperiod…

Include strategies that other organizations are implementing


Key Points

Goals & Objectives

Conservation strategies are a group of actions designed to enhance viability of a target (GOAL) and/or abate a critical threat (OBJECTIVE).

Goals & Objectives – What you want to accomplish

Strategies –How you are going to get there

A threat reduction objective is not a goal.

Objectives should be specific, measurable, time Limited, and practical.

Be relatively sure that your strategies are really sufficient to achieve your objective/goal.


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