THE AFTER ACTION REVIEW PROCESS. DOCTRINE Major R. Kennedy. AIM. TO DEVELOP A COMMON UNDERSTANDING OF THE AFTER ACTION REVIEW PROCESS, ITS INTENT, KEY ELEMENTS AND THE APPLICATION OF THE PROCESS TO TRAINING AND OPERATIONS. MAIN TEACHING POINTS. What is an After Action Review (AAR)
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Major R. Kennedy
TO DEVELOP A COMMON UNDERSTANDING OF THE AFTER ACTION REVIEW PROCESS, ITS INTENT, KEY ELEMENTS AND THE APPLICATION OF THE PROCESS TO TRAINING AND OPERATIONS
The Army Lessons Learned Process is the process by which the Army collects, analyzes, assimilates and distributes Army, CF and Allied experiences as lessons. The intent of the process is to enable the Army to profit from its own experiences and those of the CF and our Allies, with a view to avoiding the duplication of costly errors, particularly those involving death or injury, of emulating success and consistently improving its performance.
An After Action Review is a professional discussion of a training or operational event that focuses on identifying what happened, why it happened and ways to improve.
“There are two major objectives of training in Canada’s Army. The first is to leverage the greatest amount of learning and improvement from any training event.” “ The second is to
develop in Canadian soldiers, at all levels, the ability to learn quickly during operations and to
use that knowledge tonot only improve performance but to seize the initiative. ”
Chapter 7, Section 2, CFP 300-8 “Training Canada’s Army”
“Increased tempo and dispersion on the battlefield generate an increased requirement to learn quickly, without direct supervision…soldiers and teams need processes that allow them to objectively analyze their experiences and the factors that effected them … those processes must enhance their ability to predict or influence future events in their favour, thus enabling them to seize the INITIATIVE.” The ability of a team to analyze its own performance and to develop the means to improve must be honed during training.
Chapter 7, CFP 300-8, “Training Canada’s Army”