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W.R.A.P W omen R eproduction A nd P olitics. Present by Anita Lam, Carol Tsang and Ann Hagan. Content . Women in Hong Kong Politics – Anita Women ’ s Political Participation in the United States and Hong Kong – Carol Sex Education in Hong Kong - Ann. Women in Hong Kong Politics .

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w r a p w omen r eproduction a nd p olitics


Present by Anita Lam, Carol Tsang and Ann Hagan

  • Women in Hong Kong Politics – Anita
  • Women’s Political Participation in the United States and Hong Kong – Carol
  • Sex Education in Hong Kong - Ann
women in hong kong politics
Women in Hong Kong Politics
  • Political participation: formal or informal and direct or indirect
  • narrow-based: formal and direct (engagement in political party)
i general view in hk politics 2004
I. General View in HK Politics (2004)
  • Number of women in new principal officials = 2/14
  • Number of women in Legco = 11/60 (noted: Chairperson is a female)
  • Number of women in District Council = 99/527
2004 legislative council election
2004 Legislative Council Election

Female politicians (geographical constituency) received wide support

Eg Ms Audrey Eu and Emily Lau

  • Increase in number and importance of women in political activities
  • Yet, have problems in work, family and sex discrimination
ii work
II. Work
  • Interviewees: Ms So and Ms Lung
  • Occupation: Full-time District Council members
  • District Council Services: members of different committees
  • Irregular working hours + lots of meetings

 Difficulty in balancing work and family life

iii family
III. Family
  • Traditional belief: women stay at home and take care of the housework and children
  • Ms So: single, but feels stressful whenever her parents urge her to get married
  • Ms Lung: married, supportive husband and children but guilty for less time for her family
iv sex discrimination
IV. Sex Discrimination
  • Low awareness of gender equality by the public
  • Unfavorable electoral arrangements
v future
V. Future
  • Fact: Male-dominance in Hong Kong politics
  • Yet, MORE well-educated women will actively join the political activities

Eg. Voting, creating political groups

  • Brighter future for women
women s political participation in the united states and hong kong
Women’s political participation in the United States and Hong Kong
  • How they represent themselves and the citizens in the civil society
  • Seven student interviews, interview with one HK female politician, AAF, FPAHK, the Mother’s Choice and two sociology professors
a limited political participation in both us or virginia and hk
A. Limited political participation in both US orVirginia and HK
  • Conservatism in the southern part of Virginia
  • Conservative Republican platform in some states in the US
  • On the whole Americans may not support the women to become a politician
  • Women in the New Territories may have limited representation
  • Education level of women
b politics is a gendered and men s game
B. Politics is a gendered and men’s game
  • Politics is dominated by men but in principles it is not a men’s game
  • Situation in the Boy’s Club
  • Women’s position in politics is strongly affected by historical changes
  • Both societies are changing
c more sacrifices
C. More sacrifices
  • People will vote for men in general in the US if they have little understanding of the issue
  • Women may run the risk of being discriminated if they act in an aggressive and masculine manner
  • Women who are curvaceous and sexy may be considered unprofessional
d no woman wants to become a politician
D. No woman wants to become a politician
  • How to play the game
  • A restricted career
  • Compromising with her future spouse
  • Enhancing women’s participation in politics by educating themselves about the news and by voting
e women s politics sexuality and sex education
E. Women’s politics, sexuality and sex education
  • American and Hong Kong women face similar difficulties in their political career or participation
  • Women’s political position and their sexual rights
  • Are masculinity and aggressiveness the necessary qualities?
  • Women’s own identities
  • The importance of sex education
field research
Field Research
  • W&M Students
  • HKU surveys
  • HKU student interview
  • Men, Women and Sex student interviews
  • AAF
  • Mother’s Choice
  • Dr. Anita Chan
  • Dr. Petula Ho

Why Sex Education?

  • Low, declining birth rate
  • Importance of Sex Education to Civil Society
  • Questions???







student surveys
Student Surveys
  • Sex in Hong Kong
  • Local, Private, International School
  • Main Sources
  • Adjectives

-exciting(3) -embarrassing(3)

-necessary(3) -serious(2)

-optimistic -shy(2)

-interesting -lacking

-excellent - nervous

-good -doubtful

-argumentative -exotic

-essential -entertaining

-anticipated -happy

-educating -funny



men women and sex
Men, Women, and Sex
  • Comprehensive course on sex, contraception, gender relations, equality, human rights, and sexual orientation
  • Lessons and Methods
  • Why did these students take this class?
  • Changes in opinions

Sex Education Organizations

  • Association for the Advancement of Feminism
  • Family Planning Association of HK

-Definition of Sex Education

-Frontline programs



  • Mother’s Choice


-Confronting Myths



Dr. Anita Chan

  • -Men, Women, and Sex
  • -AAF member
  • -AAF group member of Sex Education Research
  • -Attitude towards sex
  • -Informed youth?
  • -Future for Sex Education
  • Dr. Petula Ho
  • -Negative Sex Education
  • -Why are people not having sex in HK?
  • -What is sex education?
  • -Condom Taboo
  • -Sex roles in society

Professor Interviews

  • Positive Changes, passionate leaders
  • Much more work to do
  • Internet and Media
  • Governmental interest in Sex Education
  • Progress of Civil Society