Engaging Frail Elders in  Safe Physical Activity:  Results from the Healthy Moves for Aging Well Project

Engaging Frail Elders in Safe Physical Activity: Results from the Healthy Moves for Aging Well Project PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Session Objectives. Learn the program components of Healthy MovesLearn the final evaluation outcomesIdentify challenges, solutions, and the impact on the clinical culture when introducing new programsDiscuss how organizations can adopt Healthy Moves Know how to access program tools and receive c

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Engaging Frail Elders in Safe Physical Activity: Results from the Healthy Moves for Aging Well Project

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1. Jennifer Wieckowski, MSG Program Administrator Los Angeles, CA Engaging Frail Elders in Safe Physical Activity: Results from the Healthy Moves for Aging Well Project

2. Session Objectives Learn the program components of Healthy Moves Learn the final evaluation outcomes Identify challenges, solutions, and the impact on the clinical culture when introducing new programs Discuss how organizations can adopt Healthy Moves Know how to access program tools and receive consultation and support from program staff to support local adoption of the program.

3. Partners in Care Foundation Non-profit in Los Angeles, CA Focuses on aging issues Changes the way healthcare services are delivered Develops innovative programs to improve care www.picf.org Best of university and care provider – independence, connection with clients, research, practiceBest of university and care provider – independence, connection with clients, research, practice

4. Partners in Care’s California Health & Innovation Center California Project Office of Evidence-based Initiative Funders: Administration on Aging Atlantic Philanthropies Kaiser Permanente California Wellness Foundation Good Samaritan Hospital Jewish Community Foundation

5. California Evidence-based Initiative CA Department of Aging is lead agency in partnership with CA Department of Public Health 7 initial counties & respective Area Agencies on Aging participating (Fresno, Los Angeles, Madera, San Diego & Sonoma, San Francisco, Orange) 4 Evidence-based Programs Chronic Disease Self-Management Matter of Balance Healthy Moves for Aging Well Medication Management

6. What is evidence-based programming? Tested models or interventions that directly address the health risks of the target population Advantages: Provides tangible scientific evidence that program works Science is convincing that program works Increases likelihood of successful outcomes Increases effective use of resources

7. AoA Approved Evidence-based Programs View more at www.healthyagingprograms.org Chronic Disease Self-Management Program Matter of Balance Healthy Moves for Aging Well* Medication Management Improvement System* Enhance Wellness Active Choices Enhance Fitness Strong for Life Healthy IDEAS or PEARLS Prevention & Management of Alcohol Problems in Older Adults

8. Healthy Moves for Aging Well Original Funder: John A. Hartford Foundation Current Funders: Archstone Foundation The California Endowment UniHealth Foundation Sponsored by: AoA Evidence-based Prevention Initiative Guided by: National Council on the Aging Evaluated by: USC Andrus Gerontology Center

9. Older Adults Need to Keep Moving Few older persons engage in regular physical activity 31% of aged 65-74 23% of aged 75+ Average decline in physical functioning of 10% each decade between ages 60 & 90 Active adults experience 1/2 as much loss in physical functioning Physical activity can extend life expectancy 28% for frail elderly

10. Risk Factors for Falls

11. Barriers to Exercise for Older Adults Belief that inactivity is a natural part of aging Exercise is harmful for older people Exercise “at my age” is embarrassing Time constraints Overprotective relatives & friends No interest or motivation Don’t know how to exercise

12. Why Use Care Managers? Already doing most of what it takes Know and care about their clients Focused on maintaining health and delaying institutionalization CM programs represent a significant investment of public funds Thousands of sedentary seniors receive services in their home Distributing new health tools to high-risk older adults is compatible with the current goals of care management Formerly Research and Demonstrations Formerly Research and Demonstrations

13. The “Teachable Moment” Not only a care management model Designed to accommodate the special needs of frail elderly safely in most any setting Care managers (public or private) In Home Supportive Services Meals on Wheels Physician offices Senior Centers Adult Day Health Care Centers Health Plans Congregate Housing

14. Introducing Healthy Moves for Aging Well Simple and safe evidence-based exercise program designed for frail, high-risk older adults receiving services in the home In-home providers teach exercises to their older clients in their homes during scheduled visits.

15. Healthy Moves: Three Components EXERCISE COMPONENT: modeled and adapted from Senior Fitness Test (Rikli and Jones, 1999) BRIEF NEGOTIATION COMPONENT: modeled after Motivational Interviewing counseling method (Prochaska and DiClemente, 1983) MOTIVATIONAL PHONE COACHING COMPONENT: supports the new behavior change of each client

16. Evolution of the EXERCISE COMPONENT

17. LIFESPAN- Senior Fitness Test “Tools to Help you be Strong & Independent” Research performed by Roberta Rikli, Ph.D & Jessie Jones, Ph.D (1999) Over 7,000 volunteers from 21 states Subjects were volunteers Development of validated functional fitness norms for community residing 60 – 92 year old adults Norms validates to determine“AT RISK FOR LOSING PHYSICAL INDEPENDENCE” values

18. SENIOR FITNESS TEST How does it relate to physical function? CHAIR STAND – (lower body strength) ability to rise from chair or toilet seat ARM CURL – (upper body strength) pouring (without spilling) water from a container 2 – MINUTE STEP IN PLACE – (endurance) walking to the mailbox and back

19. SENIOR FITNESS TEST How does it relate to physical function? CHAIR SIT AND REACH – (flexibility, lower body)Tying shoes, clipping toenails UP AND GO – (agility and balance) Getting to the bathroom in time SCRATCH TEST – (flexibility, upper body strength) Reach and brush the back of the head

21. Pilot Results—Model Programs Project 76% Client Retention Rate 4 Care Management Sites Number of Clients = 49 Average Age = 78 years Living Status = 65.3% Living Alone 30.6% Living with Family 4.1% Living with Family & Caregiver

22. “What We Learned” The exercises were overwhelming for the population and they couldn’t perform the tests according to protocol Care managers were overwhelmed with learning and teaching all of the exercises Care managers were worried about safety and liability With valuable input from focus groups, the program evolved into Healthy Moves for Aging Well (Second Generation)

25. How do the Movements Apply to Daily Life?

26. BRIEF NEGOTIATION COMPONENT Evidence-based counseling style that increases intrinsic motivation for making and sustaining health behavior change Modeled after the Stages of Change Model (Prochaska & DiClemente 1983) Precontemplation (client has no interest in starting to exercise) Contemplation (client is thinking about starting, but plans not made) Preparation (client is planning to exercise) Action (client starts exercising) Maintenance (client sustains new behavior)

27. Readiness Ruler- A Simple Tool

28. Brief Negotiation Roadmap What are some reasons you would want things to stay the same? AND What are some reasons for making a change OR What do you like about ________________? AND What don’t you like about______________? Summarize

29. MOTIVATIONAL PHONE COACHING Offers personal support and encouragement Engages client in goal-setting discussions Problem solves with client Instills confidence in client’s ability to exercise Frequency of Calls (3 months) Weekly for first 4 weeks Weekly or bi-weekly for next 8 weeks Coaches complete phone logs to track client progress

30. Motivational Coach Phone Calls How have your physical activities been going? How often? How long? Any new aches or pains out of the ordinary? Any challenges that made it difficult to move? Any recent falls?

31. Snapshot of Protocol Care manager teaches exercises on regularly scheduled visit Motivational Coach motivates client, monitors progress and reinforces the change by phone Care manager follows-up with client at monthly phone calls and 3 month home visits Formerly Research and Demonstrations Formerly Research and Demonstrations

32. Motivational Interviewing Introduction & Ask Permission. “As part of our visit today, I was hoping to introduce you to the some movements you can do at home to increase your strength, flexibility and balance. It will only take a few minutes. Is it OK if I ask you a few questions?”

33. Brief Negotiation

34. “Below are several goals related to your physical health. Which goal stands out for you?”

37. Motivational Coach Phone Call “Are you comfortable having a motivational coach call you to check in on your progress and provide support to you as you try these new movements?” If yes, inform client that a coach will call next week.

38. Evaluation-Target Population 901 participants 4 sites Age range: 65 to 103 Mean age: 80 84% Female Willing to participate Cognitively capable to follow instructions If no caregiver available, must be able to stand unassisted to exercise alone safely.

39. Ethnic Diversity 40.5% Latino 25.5% Caucasian 22.2% African-American 3.7% Asian 8.1% Other

40. Diversity per Care Management Site

41. Functional Assessment at Baseline Highly impaired population ADL (dressing, eating, bathing, toileting, transferring, grooming) 74% needed help in 5 and/or 6 ADLs IADLs (telephone, laundry, transportation, shopping, preparing meals, housekeeping, taking medications, handling finances) 45% needed help in all 8 IADLs

42. Readiness of Participants at Baseline How ready are you to consider increasing your physical activity? Not Ready Thinking About It Ready 23% reported a 10

43. Outcomes- 3 month follow-up Significant reduction in number of falls (p<0.0001) 12.6% of participants fell once during 3 months prior to completing baseline 8% had more than one fall prior to baseline Significant reduction in pain (p=0.04)

44. Arm Curls & Seated Step-in-Place Significant Improvement in Number of Arm Curls (t= -2.39, p=0.02) Seated step-in-place declined (p=0.02)?? The changes in arm curls and step-in-place differed depending on the coaching model Face-to-face intervention improved arm curls (p<.0001) improved step-in-place (p=0.0018)

45. Goal Attainment at 3 Month Follow-up At enrollment, your goal was___________________ How close are you to achieving your goal? Did Not Achieve Achieved Completely 85% reported a score between 4 to 10

46. 78% very or somewhat likely to continue without a motivational coach (3 Month follow-up)

47. 6 months after baseline 75% of participants continued to do the exercises “I love doing my exercises because I can just sit in my chair and workout. The level of exercise is perfect for a person of my age.” “The swelling in my ankle is just about gone. My doctor is pleased that my swelling is down. I think the ankle exercise helped.” “ I will absolutely continue to do my exercises without a phone coach.”

48. Lessons Learned: Agencies must be “ready” to adopt a new innovation There must be a “felt need” Client testimonials generate enthusiasm for adoption Fewer injuries & less decline = less work over time There must be a champion Ensure supervisors are engaged Involve staff in the decision process There must be underlying stability Resources viewed as adequate Staff turnover minimal Recovery time since last big change

49. Ideal Care Management Site AltaMed Health Services MSSP, Los Angeles, CA 17 care managers enrolled 315 clients in 10 months Average of 31.5 clients a month 5 care managers enrolled over 30 clients 1 care manager enrolled over 40 clients 1 care manager enrolled 31 clients in 3 months

50. Valuable Tips from AltaMed Designate a passionate care manager to be the champion Internal program “cheerleader” for the agency Encourages and reminds co-workers to enroll clients Sets up internal quality control system to assure that data is complete and collected in a timely manner Introduce Healthy Moves program in advance by phone when scheduling the next home visit Enroll clients in the spring and summer to avoid arthritic pains impacted by the colder months Motivate care managers to be more physically active themselves

51. Contact Information Jennifer Wieckowski 818-837-3775, ext. 115 Healthy Moves Website: www.picf.org Multiple Languages: English, Spanish, Russian, Korean, Chinese, Armenian & Farsi

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